Due to lack of motivation, individuals often fail to perform regular exercise. In view of this, we developed a virtual trainer system (VTS) to encourage users to perform simple exercise routines regularly.
A design science approach is adopted to develop a VTS to motivate users to exercise. Study findings are based on a field experiment with 91 participants recruited from a university in Hong Kong.
Outcome-oriented reminders foster stronger perceived risks of health and perceived value of exercises, whereas virtual trainer attractiveness has insignificant effect. Perceived value of exercises is positively related to exercise participation, which has a positive relationship with work productivity.
The findings answer question of how to motivate people to continue exercising.
Findings provide insights for fitness companies to design online exercise training for users.
VTS can promote regular exercise and healthy life.
This research shows that interactive virtual agents can motivate users to exercise regularly. It contributes to the burgeoning research on the use of IT artifacts for improving exercise participation and provides practical insights into VTS designs.
The work described in this paper was fully supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. CityU 145111). The authors are indebted to Radhika Santhanam, Ritu Agarwal, Andrew Burton-Jones, Suprateek Sarker, Chee-Wee Tan, and participants in CityU IS Summer Workshop 2015 for their comments and suggestions to improve the paper.
Kwok, R.C.-W., Leung, A.C.M., Hui, S.S.-c. and Wong, C.C.-K. (2021), "Virtual trainer system: a tool to increase exercise participation and work productivity", Internet Research, Vol. 31 No. 3, pp. 892-910. https://doi.org/10.1108/INTR-04-2020-0236
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