To read this content please select one of the options below:

The effect of strategic orientations on business performance in SMEs: A multigroup analysis comparing Hungary and Finland

Tommi Laukkanen (Department of Business, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland)
Gábor Nagy (Institute of Marketing and Media, Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary)
Saku Hirvonen (Department of Business, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland)
Helen Reijonen (Department of Business, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland)
Mika Pasanen (Centre for Business and Engineering, North Karelia University of Applied Sciences, Joensuu, Finland)

International Marketing Review

ISSN: 0265-1335

Article publication date: 28 October 2013

4967

Abstract

Purpose

The present study sheds light on the role of strategic orientations (SOs) in explaining business growth. The purpose of this paper is to examine how different SOs, namely learning orientation, entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation and brand orientation simultaneously affect business performance measured with brand performance, market performance and business growth in SME context and whether these effects vary across countries.

Design/methodology/approach

An extensive data set of 1,120 effective responses is collected from two European countries, namely Hungary, representing a post socialist rapidly growing market, and Finland with a stable, highly developed and competitive economy. A multigroup moderation analysis is conducted. Confirmatory factor analysis is used in testing measurement invariance, subsequently followed by structural equation modeling procedure used in testing research hypotheses developed on the basis of a literature review.

Findings

The results show that entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation and brand orientation have a positive effect on business growth in SMEs in both Hungary and Finland through brand and market performance. With regard to learning orientation, a positive yet somewhat weak effect on growth is found only in the Hungarian sample. The moderation analysis reveals that country moderates several of the hypothesized paths from SOs to business performance.

Originality/value

Prior studies on SOs have mainly focussed on single orientations at any given time. However, researchers increasingly argue that many firms are better off if they build their strategies on multiple SOs. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is one of the first empirical studies to address multiple (four) SOs in the same research model. Furthermore, little is known about if and how the performance effects of different SOs vary across countries.

Keywords

Citation

Laukkanen, T., Nagy, G., Hirvonen, S., Reijonen, H. and Pasanen, M. (2013), "The effect of strategic orientations on business performance in SMEs: A multigroup analysis comparing Hungary and Finland", International Marketing Review, Vol. 30 No. 6, pp. 510-535. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMR-09-2011-0230

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Related articles