To read this content please select one of the options below:

The impact of zakat in poverty alleviation and income inequality reduction from the perspective of gender in West Java, Indonesia

Qurroh Ayuniyyah (Magister of Islamic Economics, Ibn Khaldun University, Bogor, Indonesia)
Ataul Huq Pramanik (Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Bangladesh Institute of Islamic Thought, Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Norma Md Saad (Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Muhammad Irwan Ariffin (Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management

ISSN: 1753-8394

Article publication date: 2 February 2022

Issue publication date: 20 September 2022

1430

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyse the role of zakat in poverty alleviation and income inequality reduction based on the gender of zakat recipients.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used the Centre of Islamic Economic and Business Studies (CIBEST) model as a poverty measure and the Gini coefficient and Atkinson index as income inequality measures to analyse 1,300 zakat recipients in five different areas of West Java, Indonesia.

Findings

Based on the CIBEST model, zakat distribution programmes have better salutary effects on male-headed households in terms of material (0.215) and absolute (0.037) poverty indices, whereas female-headed households have better performance on the falah (0.438) and spiritual (0.022) poverty indices, with greater changes in these indices in female-headed households. According to the Gini coefficient and Atkinson index, female-headed households have better income distribution one-year after zakat distribution programmes, whereas the male-headed households have better performance in regards to welfare loss.

Research limitations/implications

The present study only used the poverty line standard published by the Central Board of Statistics from the Republic of Indonesia to identify respondents who live under the poverty line.

Practical implications

This paper can serve as a reference for zakat institutions in the implementation of zakat distribution programmes when the gender of zakat recipients is taken into consideration.

Originality/value

Not many studies have analysed the impact of gender in zakat distribution programmes despite gender being one of the most important determinants of poverty and income inequality. This study attempts to determine the economic impact of zakat from the perspective of gender.

Keywords

Citation

Ayuniyyah, Q., Pramanik, A.H., Md Saad, N. and Ariffin, M.I. (2022), "The impact of zakat in poverty alleviation and income inequality reduction from the perspective of gender in West Java, Indonesia", International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Vol. 15 No. 5, pp. 924-942. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMEFM-08-2020-0403

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles