The purpose of this study is to investigate factors influencing the net stable funding ratio (NSFR) in the Islamic banking system. More specifically, the authors analyze the impact of the deposit structure on the liquidity ratio using the two-step generalized method of moments approach during the 2000–2014 period.
Based on IFSB-12 and the GN-6, the authors calculated the NSFR for 35 Islamic banks operating in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
The findings of this study show the following: first, ratio of profit-sharing investment accounts have a positive impact on the NSFR, while ratio of non profit-sharing investment accounts increase the maturity transformation risk; second, the results highlight that asset risk, bank capital and the business cycle have a positive impact on the liquidity ratio, while the returns on assets, bank size and market concentration have a negative impact; and third, these results support the IFSB’s efforts in developing guidelines for modifying the NSFR to enhance the liquidity risk management of institutions offering Islamic financial services.
The most prominent limitation of this research is the availability of data.
These results will be useful for authorities and policy makers seeking to clarify the implications of adopting the liquidity requirement for banking behavior.
This study contributes to the knowledge in this area by improving our understanding of liquidity risk management during liquidity stress periods. It analyzes the modified NSFR that was adopted by the IFSB. Besides, this study fills a gap in the literature. Previous studies have used the conventional ratios to determinate the main factors of the maturity transformation risk in a full-fledged Islamic bank based on an early version of NSFR. Finally, most studies focus on the NSFR as proposed by the Basel Committee, whereas the authors investigate the case of the dual-banking system in the emerging economies of seven Arab countries in the MENA region.
The authors would like to thank the Editor, Prof. M. Kabir Hassan and three anonymous referees from the International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management for their helpful comments on an earlier version of the paper. Any remaining errors are ours.
Ben Ayed, W., Lamouchi, R.A. and M. Alawi, S. (2021), "Does the deposit structure affect Islamic bank’s maturity transformation activities? The implications of IFSB liquidity guidelines", International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 444-462. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMEFM-05-2019-0209
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