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Motives behind remittances: A comparative analysis of single- and multiple-migrant households in India

Navita Pal (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India)
Rama Pal (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 2 April 2019

Issue publication date: 20 June 2019

398

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate whether the motives behind sending remittances differ for the migrants from single- and multi-migrant families in India.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses the second round of India Human Development Survey conducted in the year 2012 to analyse migrant’s motives using the two-part model and the sample selection model (SSM). Here, the probit model is used to model whether the migrant sends the remittances and then the amount of remittances is modelled using the ordinary least squares method. The SSM assumes that these two decisions are interdependent. This migrant-level study is the first to segregate single- and multiple-migrant settings and compare them for the existence of altruism or inheritance motives.

Findings

The findings indicate altruism as the main motive behind remittances for the single migrants in India. On the other hand, presence of inheritance motive is evident along with altruism in the multi-migrant setting.

Research limitations/implications

The analysis is restricted due to limited availability of information on migrant as the data are collected from the migrant’s family at origin.

Originality/value

This is the first study to use a unique nationally representative survey which enables it to point out differences in the motives behind remittances for the single-migrant and multi-migrant settings in India.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the editor and two anonymous referees for insightful comments.

Citation

Pal, N. and Pal, R. (2019), "Motives behind remittances: A comparative analysis of single- and multiple-migrant households in India", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 46 No. 6, pp. 775-791. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-09-2018-0444

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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