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Modelling the enablers of industry 4.0 in the Indian manufacturing industry

Vineet Jain (Department of Mechanical, Mewat Engineering College, Nuh, India)
Puneeta Ajmera (Department of Public Health, Delhi Pharmaceutical Science and Research University, New Delhi, India)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 29 June 2020

Issue publication date: 25 June 2021




The vision of Industry 4.0 concept is to create smart factories that will change the current processes of production and manufacturing system using smart machines to produce smart and intelligent products. The main aim of this research is to explore the enablers with regard to Industry 4.0 application in manufacturing industry in India as the available literature shows that manufacturing sector is still doubtful about the implementation of Industry 4.0.


Seventeen enablers that can affect the adoption of Industry 4.0 in the manufacturing industry in India have been explored through an extensive review of available literature and viewpoints of industry and academic experts. Total Interpretive Structural Modelling methodology (TISM) has been used to evaluate the interrelationships among these factors. A TISM model has been developed to extract the key enablers influencing Industry 4.0 adoption.


The result shows that Internet facility from government at reduced price, financial support and continued specialized skills training are the major enablers as they have strong driving power.

Practical implications

Proper understanding of these enablers will help the managers and policymakers to explore the impact of each enabler on other enablers as well as the degree of relationships among them and to take concrete steps so that Industry 4.0 can be implemented successfully in the manufacturing sector in India.


This study is pioneer in exploring the enablers Industry 4.0 which is the most advanced concept that has the capability to change the future of Indian manufacturing sector if implemented judiciously and cautiously.



The authors would like to thank everyone that participated in this research work and all the anonymous reviewers of this paper and specially Editor chief of the Journal for his or her valuable suggestions, which have helped to improve the quality of this paper.


Jain, V. and Ajmera, P. (2021), "Modelling the enablers of industry 4.0 in the Indian manufacturing industry", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 70 No. 6, pp. 1233-1262.



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