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What demographics matter for organisational culture, commitment and identification? A case in Russian settings

Natalia Volkova (Department of Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Vera Chiker (Department of Social Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)

International Journal of Organizational Analysis

ISSN: 1934-8835

Article publication date: 8 October 2019

Issue publication date: 10 January 2020

792

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study to establish what demographic characteristics (gender, generations and organisational tenure) play a role in employee perceptions of organisational culture, commitment and identification in Russian public organisations.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were collected electronically from 248 employees of two public organisations. Three questionnaires were used.

Findings

Organisational tenure plays a central role in the way how employees perceive organisational culture; tenure also shapes the levels of both commitment and identification. The specific finding of Russian settings is that the longer employees work for a company, the lower the levels of psychological attachments they demonstrate, while it is not the case for some existing international results. The other findings correspond with those in international studies, in which women were more psychologically attached to the organisation and showed a higher level of identification and lower rates of negative forms of this concept than men did. The older the employees are, the higher the level of identification they express.

Practical implications

Managers working in Russian settings can struggle with engaging and retaining employees. Understanding the demographic effects can help alleviate these challenges.

Originality/value

Based on empirical findings, this paper contributes to the literature on organisational socialisation by providing evidence of the damaging effects of the length of organisational tenure on psychological attachment to the company (in the form of commitment and identification). Additionally, tenure is the shaping factor of employee perception of organisational culture.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by a grant 19-013-00560 from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.

Citation

Volkova, N. and Chiker, V. (2020), "What demographics matter for organisational culture, commitment and identification? A case in Russian settings", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 274-290. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-05-2019-1762

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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