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Functions of peer mentoring, satisfaction and the “real” relationship in postgraduate psychology education

Elly Quinlan (School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)
Trevor Crowe (School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)
Frank P. Deane (School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)
Meredith Whittington (School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)

International Journal of Mentoring and Coaching in Education

ISSN: 2046-6854

Article publication date: 25 January 2019

Issue publication date: 19 February 2019

379

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how a peer mentoring relationship may support provisional psychologists engaged in postgraduate education in Australia. The theoretical lens for this study draws from the real relationship framework and significant events literature.

Design/methodology/approach

Quantitative and qualitative data were obtained via a web survey from a sample of 23 mentors and 41 mentees. Participants had engaged in a one-year peer mentoring program on a volunteer basis. The survey contained measures of functions of mentoring, perceived genuineness and realism in the relationship, and overall satisfaction with peer mentoring. Participants also provided accounts of helpful events, hindering events and open feedback.

Findings

Perceived satisfaction was significantly correlated with greater genuineness and realism in the relationship. Satisfaction was associated with psychosocial and clinical functions of mentoring for both mentors and mentees, and career functions for mentees only. Qualitative findings indicated that the most helpful events included psychosocial support, mutual understanding and skill development. The most frequent hindering events were logistics/time, lack of structure and mentor technique/activity.

Practical implications

Peer mentors show great promise for supporting provisional psychologists. Recommendations for higher education providers include providing peer mentors with guidance regarding the importance of psychosocial support, clinical skill development and creating genuine and real relationships. Peer mentor training would also benefit from the inclusion of career development strategies and psychoeducation on transference.

Originality/value

This study is the first to apply the real relationship framework and significant events analysis to the psychology peer mentoring context.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Elly Quinlan would like to thank all the mentors and mentees who engaged in this research. In the spirit of this paper, Elly Quinlan would also like to acknowledge Elly’s co-authors Frank Deane and Trevor Crowe, for providing valuable mentorship throughout Elly’s early career.

Citation

Quinlan, E., Crowe, T., Deane, F.P. and Whittington, M. (2019), "Functions of peer mentoring, satisfaction and the “real” relationship in postgraduate psychology education", International Journal of Mentoring and Coaching in Education, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 52-68. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMCE-06-2018-0033

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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