Factors affecting smart working: evidence from Australia
International Journal of Manpower
Article publication date: 5 September 2016
The purpose of this paper is to analyse data from the New South Wales Government’s Pilot Programme of establishing Smart Work Hubs (SWHs) for enabling teleworking in two busy commuter corridors. The paper analyses the relationships between various firm, job and personal factors and the perceived value, attitudes and expected usage by users of the SWHs.
Employing a cross-sectional survey design, the characteristics, values and attitudes of 117 SWH users were analysed using partial least squares (PLS) method of structural equation modelling (SEM). SEM-PLS approach is considered appropriate especially in prediction-based studies and to estimate an endogenous target construct.
Results revealed that perceived SWH value significantly influenced attitude towards the SWH, which then had a significant influence on SWH usage intentions, with personal, job and firm factors also playing a role. Further analysis revealed four variables that significantly influenced the perception of family-value benefits (age, income, hub commute distance, work commute distance), however, there were none that significantly influenced the perception of work benefits.
The small sample size limits statistical inferences and generalisations to be drawn. Further, this paper also discusses how the low and uneven uptake of teleworking at a SWH raises several managerial and policy implications needing attention.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first empirical study analysing the expected values, attitudes and usage intentions of teleworkers in a SWH context. This study adds to the emerging body of human resource management studies on an outward-looking approach. The novel context will provide a useful base for subsequent studies.
The authors would like to thank and acknowledge the New South Wales Government for funding the Smart Work Hub Pilot Program's research (G140093).
Malik, A., Rosenberger, P.J., Fitzgerald, M. and Houlcroft, L. (2016), "Factors affecting smart working: evidence from Australia", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 37 No. 6, pp. 1042-1066. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-12-2015-0225
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited