The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discourse on labour market discrimination by introducing an analytical process model that offers a template for the systematic analysis of discrimination within the process of labour market integration. Its usage and contribution to the field is exemplified by applying the proposed model to the case of ageism in labour market integration.
Five phases and four actors are distinguished that, added together, compose the proposed analytical process model. In the following, the model is used as an analytical framework for a mapping review, aimed at identifying and critically evaluating the vast and extensive literature on ageism in the process of labour market integration.
The paper concludes that ageism occurs in all five phases of the integration process, pinpointing potential areas for policy interventions. Furthermore, the authors conclude that the existing literature on ageism in labour market integration is fragmented, with some elements and/or actors within the process so far having received little attention.
The analytical process model developed in this paper provides the scientific community with a tool to systematise the literature, detect underlying mechanisms and uncover existing research gaps, not only for the case of ageism presented here, but for a vast variety of other –isms. In addition, policy makers, trade unions and employers can use the model to better target and tailor anti-discrimination measures in labour market integration.
The authors are thankful for the support received from the COST Action IS 1402 “Ageism – A multinational, interdisciplinary perspective”. The authors are especially thankful to the colleagues from the Working Group 4 “The Workforce”, who provided the authors with extensive feedback.
Naegele, L., De Tavernier, W., Hess, M. and Frerichs, F. (2020), "A tool to systematise discrimination in labour market integration: An application to ageism", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 41 No. 5, pp. 567-581. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-10-2018-0364
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