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Working from home: characteristics and outcomes of telework

Audronė Nakrošienė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Kaunas, Lithuania)
Ilona Bučiūnienė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Kaunas, Lithuania)
Bernadeta Goštautaitė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Kaunas, Lithuania)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 11 January 2019




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationships between theoretically grounded telework factors and various individual and organizational outcomes of telework (overall satisfaction with telework, perceived advantages of telework, career opportunities and self-reported productivity).


Based on a literature review, ten telework factors that may affect individual and organizational telework outcomes were identified and empirically tested using the survey data of 128 teleworkers exercising different telework intensity and representing various sectors of the economy.


The bundle of theoretically selected variables explained a significant part of the variance of telework outcomes. Reduced communication with co-workers, supervisor’s trust and support, suitability of the working place at home were found to be the most important telework factors impacting different telework outcomes. Higher self-reported productivity was related to reduced time in communicating with co-workers, a suitable working place at home and the possibility to take care of family members when teleworking.

Practical implications

This study provides insights about the management of telework in organizations by highlighting the factors that promote the satisfaction, productivity and perceived career opportunities of teleworkers.


This paper challenges the results of previous research on the factors related with telework and its outcomes. Based on the job demands-resources theory, the authors identified the factors that serve as resources in generating positive telework outcomes, and the factors increasing job demands and reducing satisfaction with telework.



Nakrošienė, A., Bučiūnienė, I. and Goštautaitė, B. (2019), "Working from home: characteristics and outcomes of telework", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 40 No. 1, pp. 87-101.



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