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Family support, school-age and workplace bullying for LGB people

Katerina Sidiropoulou (Centre for Pluralist Economics, Anglia Ruskin University , Cambridge, UK)
Nick Drydakis (Centre for Pluralist Economics, Anglia Ruskin University , Cambridge, UK) (Pembroke College, University of Cambridge , Cambridge, UK)
Benjamin Harvey (Centre for Pluralist Economics, Anglia Ruskin University , Cambridge, UK)
Anna Paraskevopoulou (Centre for Pluralist Economics, Anglia Ruskin University , Cambridge, UK)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 25 October 2019

Issue publication date: 17 August 2020




The purpose of this paper is to examine associations between: family support during the school-age period, and school-age bullying (short-term associations); and family support during the school-age period and workplace bullying (long-term associations) for lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adults in Britain.


The authors employ retrospective questions regarding family support for LGB children and school-age bullying and questions regarding workplace bullying in the respondents’ present jobs. A 2016 data set was utilized which was created by attending events during the UK LGBT History Month.


The empirical investigation demonstrates that supportive family environments toward LGB children reduce both school-age and workplace bullying.

Practical implications

Given the increasing number of people self-identifying as LGB, the significant percentages of school and workplace bullying incidents and the corresponding negative effects on people’s lives, it is important to examine the benefits of family support with regards to reducing school and workplace victimization. This study also reports that family support could have an enduring influence on the experiences of LGB children and adults.


No known research has considered the possible developmental benefits of family support on reducing future workplace bullying for LGB children. In addition, this might be the first study which simultaneously examines family support toward LGB children, school-age and workplace bullying.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the comments and suggestions of the responsible Editor, Klaus F. Zimmermann and from the three referees, which have significantly improved the paper. The data appendix, codes and STATA tables have been provided to the editors and referees. The authors appreciate the study's participants, Anglia Ruskin University and University of Cambridge students for their assistance with data collection. The project could not have happened without assistance and comments kindly provided by several UK LGBT unions. The study received ethics approval from the Anglia Ruskin University Ethics Panel.


Sidiropoulou, K., Drydakis, N., Harvey, B. and Paraskevopoulou, A. (2020), "Family support, school-age and workplace bullying for LGB people", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 41 No. 6, pp. 717-730.



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