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Analyzing the root of regional innovation performance in the European territory

João M. Lopes (Miguel Torga Institute of Higher Education, Coimbra, Portugal; University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal and NECE – Research Unit in Business Sciences, Covilhã, Portugal)
Paulo Silveira (Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal and SHERU – Sport, Health and Exercise Research, Castelo Branco, Portugal)
Luís Farinha (Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal; CIPEC – Research Center in Heritage, Education and Culture, Castelo Branco, Portugal and NECE – Research Unit in Business Sciences, Covilhã, Portugal)
Márcio Oliveira (Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal and NECE – Research Unit in Business Sciences, Covilhã, Portugal)
José Oliveira (University of Minho, Braga, Portugal)

International Journal of Innovation Science

ISSN: 1757-2223

Article publication date: 8 March 2021

Abstract

Purpose

Regional innovation performance is an important indicator for decision-making regarding the implementation of policies intended for regional development. However, regional development policies have led economies to very different competitive positions in matters of innovation. To address these issues, this paper aims to identify the variables that most contribute to the positioning of economies in terms of performance innovation in Europe.

Design/methodology/approach

The data for this study were collected at the regional innovation scoreboard. This paper uses a quantitative methodology through a multivariate statistical technique (discriminant analysis).

Findings

The results suggest that specific innovation strategies explain the competitive positioning of economies within each group of countries. It was possible to demonstrate that economies with leader classification show greater comparative robustness in the variables “Small and medium enterprise (SMEs) with product or process innovations,” “SMEs with product or process innovations,” “research and development (R&D) expenditure public sector” and “population with tertiary education,” constituting an effective instrument of innovation policy. Furthermore, it was possible to show that the economies belonging to the modest group do not have a competitive advantage in any of the variables under study, thus providing a reflection opportunity for policymakers at this level.

Originality/value

The present research identifies which variables are most relevant to the classification considering the regional innovation performance in leader, strong, moderate and modest. Several suggestions were given to companies, policymakers and higher education institutions in the sense that the regions where they operate can improve their innovative performance, which may help to a change in their current classification.

Keywords

Citation

Lopes, J.M., Silveira, P., Farinha, L., Oliveira, M. and Oliveira, J. (2021), "Analyzing the root of regional innovation performance in the European territory", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-11-2020-0267

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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