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An improved peak side lobe reduction method for linear array antenna for military applications

Ravi Tej D (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, India)
Sri Kavya Ch K (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, India)
Sarat K. Kotamraju (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, India)

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics

ISSN: 1756-378X

Article publication date: 4 March 2021

Issue publication date: 23 April 2021

106

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to improve energy efficiency and further reduction of side lobe level the algorithm proposed is firework algorithm. In this paper, roused by the eminent swarm conduct of firecrackers, a novel multitude insight calculation called fireworks algorithm (FA) is proposed for work enhancement. The FA is introduced and actualized by mimicking the blast procedure of firecrackers. In the FA, two blast (search) forms are utilized and systems for keeping decent variety of sparkles are likewise all around planned. To approve the presentation of the proposed FA, correlation tests were led on nine benchmark test capacities among the FA, the standard PSO (SPSO) and the clonal PSO (CPSO).

Design/methodology/approach

The antenna arrays are used to improve the capacity and spectral efficiency of wireless communication system. The latest communication systems use the antenna array technology to improve the spectral efficiency, fill rate and the energy efficiency of the communication system can be enhanced. One of the most important properties of antenna array is beam pattern. A directional main lobe with low side lobe level (SLL) of the beam pattern will reduce the interference and enhance the quality of communication. The classical methods for reducing the side lobe level are differential evolution algorithm and PSO algorithm. In this paper, roused by the eminent swarm conduct of firecrackers, a novel multitude insight calculation called fireworks algorithm (FA) is proposed for work enhancement. The FA is introduced and actualized by mimicking the blast procedure of firecrackers. In the FA, two blast (search) forms are utilized and systems for keeping decent variety of sparkles are likewise all around planned. To approve the presentation of the proposed FA, correlation tests were led on nine benchmark test capacities among the FA, the standard PSO (SPSO) and the clonal PSO (CPSO). It is demonstrated that the FA plainly beats the SPSO and the CPSO in both enhancement exactness and combination speed. The results convey that the side lobe level is reduced to −34.78dB and fill rate is increased to 78.53.

Findings

Samples including 16-element LAAs are conducted to verify the optimization performances of the SLL reductions. Simulation results show that the SLLs can be effectively reduced by FA. Moreover, compared with other benchmark algorithms, fireworks has a better performance in terms of the accuracy, the convergence rate and the stability.

Research limitations/implications

With the use of algorithms radiation is prone to noise one way or other. Even with any optimizations we cannot expect radiation to be ideal. Power dissipation or electro magnetic interference is bound to happen, but the use of optimization algorithms tries to reduce them to the extent that is possible.

Practical implications

16-element linear antenna array is available with latest versions of Matlab.

Social implications

The latest technologies and emerging developments in the field of communication and with exponential growth in users the capacity of communication system has bottlenecks. The antenna arrays are used to improve the capacity and spectral efficiency of wireless communication system. The latest communication systems use the antenna array technology which is to improve the spectral efficiency, fill rate and the energy efficiency of the communication system can be enhanced.

Originality/value

By using FA, the fill rate is increased to 78.53 and the side lobe level is reduced to 35dB, when compared with the bench mark algorithms.

Keywords

Citation

D, R.T., K, S.K.C. and Kotamraju, S.K. (2021), "An improved peak side lobe reduction method for linear array antenna for military applications", International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 186-198. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJICC-09-2020-0127

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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