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The socio-economic impacts of AIDS on families caring for AIDS-orphaned children in Mbeya rural district, Tanzania

Nelsensius Klau Fauk (Institute of Resource Governance and Social Change, Kupang, Indonesia)
Silivano Edson Mwakinyali (National Food Reserve Agency, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)
Sukma Putra (Academic Development Division, Bina Nusantara University International, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Lillian Mwanri (Discipline of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia)

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare

ISSN: 2056-4902

Article publication date: 8 May 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the socio-economic impacts of AIDS on families caring for AIDS-orphaned children in Mbeya rural district, Tanzania.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative inquiry employing one-on-one in-depth interviews was conducted in 2015. Purposive sampling technique was used to recruit participants (n=24) comprising 20 heads of families caring for AIDS-orphaned children, two local government staff and two staff from Isangati Agricultural Development Organisation – a non-government organisation. Qualitative data were analysed using thematic and framework approach.

Findings

Results demonstrated that families caring for AIDS-orphaned children experienced severe socio-economic impacts of the epidemic. Reduction in household savings, increase in living expenses on health care and increased education fees were the identified economic impacts on these families. Social impacts included labour shortage, withdrawal of children from school and increased demand for food.

Social implications

There is a need for urgent responses and for scaling up programmes delivered by organisations, institutions and the government of Tanzania to help families cope with these impacts.

Originality/value

This study provides evidence on socio-economic impacts of AIDS on families caring for AIDS-orphaned children in Tanzania. An understanding of these impacts can help governmental and non-governmental institutions and programme planners to address the problem in their policies and develop evidence-based strategies and interventions in responding to the problem in Mbeya and Tanzania. Moreover, responses to reducing the impacts of AIDS on families require a holistic approach that encourages the involvement of all sectors and agents outside of the health sector.

Keywords

Citation

Fauk, N.K., Mwakinyali, S.E., Putra, S. and Mwanri, L. (2017), "The socio-economic impacts of AIDS on families caring for AIDS-orphaned children in Mbeya rural district, Tanzania", International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 132-145. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHRH-01-2017-0002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited