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Energy conservation opportunities: evidences from three industrial clusters in India

Shankara Naik (Government Engineering College, Haveri, India)
Virupaxi Bagodi (Government Engineering College, Koppal, India)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 4 February 2021

Issue publication date: 12 May 2021




The purpose of the paper is to examine the monitoring of electrical energy consumption, measures adopted for reducing energy consumption, barriers to energy efficiency improvement and driving forces for energy efficiency improvement in three industrial clusters. It is intends to capture the managerial perspectives on energy saving practices and to identify the possible energy saving opportunities in small and medium enterprises (SMEs).


Three industrial clusters were identified for the study. Research instrument based in-person survey was conducted in which the authors directly administered the questionnaire to all the 181 organisations. This was thought of to facilitate not so well-educated respondents. The survey took about six months in which 110 units responded. Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis and path analysis were used to draw inferences.


There is ample scope for energy savings in the studied clusters. Energy efficiency in many organisations has deteriorated. Their attitude to embrace new or modern technology is shunning. Management’s belief that prevailing technology is efficient, lack of skilled labour, lack of accessibility to updated or modern technology, and lack of compatibility of new technology are found to be the barriers to energy efficiency improvement. Benchmarking by appropriate governments and publicly financed energy auditing act as the driving forces.


The SMEs must use simple yet powerful energy auditing practices on regular basis to reduce energy consumption. This will not only result in lesser energy costs but also lessen the burden on environment. As these are predominantly small enterprises, appropriate governments interventions are essential to bring the desired change.



Authors profoundly thank the organisations and the related associations for extending cooperation and support during the survey. They also sincerely thank the reviewers for their invaluable inputs in bringing in rigour and conciseness.


Naik, S. and Bagodi, V. (2021), "Energy conservation opportunities: evidences from three industrial clusters in India", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 600-627.



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