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Antecedents and consequences of open innovation: a conceptual framework

Suresh Malodia (MICA, Ahmedabad, India)
Chetna Chauhan (School of Management, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia)
Fauzia Jabeen (College of Business Administration, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Amandeep Dhir (Department of Management, School of Business and Law, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway) (Norwegian School of Hotel Management, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway) (Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa)

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research

ISSN: 1355-2554

Article publication date: 18 April 2023




Entrepreneurship across sectors has been impacted by the paradigm of open innovation in the last few decades. Although Open Innovation is argued to impact firm performance the strategic building blocks of open innovation are not discussed in the prior literature. This study aims to conceptualize open innovation and identify the antecedents and outcomes of open innovation.


Using a qualitative study based on open-ended essays solicited from 47 SMEs and startups based out in Europe and the USA, the authors propose an overarching conceptual framework using a theoretical sampling approach adopted to establish data saturation and data analysis was carried out using thematic coding. Market place evidence was used for triangulation of the authors’ research framework and to establish the validity of the constructs.


Building on the entrepreneurial bricolage theory, this study proposes bricolage and Platformization of innovations as antecedents to open innovation. The study also conceptualizes open innovation by identifying three underlying dimensions for open innovation. Next, the study proposes a positive association between open innovation and firm performance. Finally, the authors discuss relevant implications with future research directions of the study.

Practical implications

The practical implication is the development of a sustained competitive advantage enhancing framework for entrepreneurial ventures with the help of open innovation.


With the application of the developed framework for the entrepreneurial ventures, a set of strategic activities related to open innovation can be proposed that would help these ventures to enhance their innovation and marketing capabilities, thereby helping them with a sustained competitive advantage. The present study would also help the policymakers to frame policies that help the firms with a shift toward open innovation.



Malodia, S., Chauhan, C., Jabeen, F. and Dhir, A. (2023), "Antecedents and consequences of open innovation: a conceptual framework", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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