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Functional characteristics of textile fabrics by plasma-nano treatment

K. Vellingiri (Department of Fashion Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, India)
T. Ramachandran (Karpagam Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India)
P. Senthilkumar (Department of Textile Technology, PSG college of Technology, Coimbatore, India)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

Any change in physical performance of the fibre corresponds to a change in its molecular structure. Basically polyester is hydrophobic in nature due to the absence of attracting polar groups and the dense packing in its polymeric structure. Due to the dense packing in polymeric structure and lack of hydroxyl groups of polyester it does not absorb water hence breathability is poor. The possibility of using air and oxygen plasma treatments for fibre surface activation to facilitate the improvement of hydrophilicity is attempted and has been improved. The purpose of this paper is to study the possibility of engineering the multifunctional of fabrics.

Design/methodology/approach

The treated fabric is evaluated through measuring the ultraviolet protection factor, thermal resistance, and antibacterial activity properties. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy graphs show deposition of nano particles (NPs) of Chitosan, TiO2 and ZnO onto the fibre after washing several times.

Findings

Air plasma-nano Chitosan treatment affects positively the antibacterial activity, thermal resistance of the fibre and air plasma-nano TiO2 and ZnO the fibre protection against ultraviolet rays. Furthermore, the plasma treatment solves an environmental problem which offers safe production process and working place and decreases the unit cost.

Originality/Value

The authors are confident that textiles will adopt this technology in the future.

Keywords

Citation

Vellingiri, K., Ramachandran, T. and Senthilkumar, P. (2014), "Functional characteristics of textile fabrics by plasma-nano treatment", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 26 No. 6, pp. 456-479. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-05-2013-0053

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited