The aim of this paper is to analyze the role of information technology (IT) in the performance of front office employees in hotels. This is done by testing and analyzing up to what level the task performance content of receptionists depends on IT and by testing and analyzing up to what level the contents of the service encounters in which they participate depend on IT.
This paper includes in-depth interviews with 30 receptionists, using the job task performance model and the critical incident technique in the service encounter model.
IT takes part heavily in the task performance of front office workers, who rely on IT to get their job done. On the other hand, in service encounters, the value of the human presence is still high, and in most critical incidents, IT do not participate.
The sample was located in the same destination with only two types of hotels.
The dependence of front office employees with IT is so high that some of the receptionists could be substituted by IT in the near future. However, human participation in satisfactory critical incidents is very high.
Receptionists should get ready and trained taking into account that the value they provide is higher in tasks that are both not routine and in which face-to-face interactions take place.
Usually, front office employees are managed with human resources view, without taking into consideration specifically how IT has spread into the hospitality industry.
Melián-González, S. and Bulchand-Gidumal, J. (2017), "Information technology and front office employees’ performance", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 29 No. 8, pp. 2159-2177. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-10-2015-0585Download as .RIS
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