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Antecedent and consequences of job crafting: an organizational level approach

Haemi Kim (School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA)
Jinyoung Im (Hospitality Management Program, Penn State Berks, Reading, Pennsylvania, USA)
Hailin Qu (School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA)
Julie NamKoong (College of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sejong University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 19 March 2018

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the conditions required for encouraging employees to engage in job crafting and examine the consequences of job crafting behavior. Job crafting is employees’ proactive behaviors at work associated with modifying tasks, managing social relations and changing job cognition.

Design/methodology/approach

A paper-and-pencil onsite survey was conducted by targeting frontline employees working in five-star hotels located in Seoul, South Korea. Descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used.

Findings

Perceived organizational support triggers employees’ job crafting. Task crafting leads to relational and cognitive crafting. Relational and cognitive crafting increases employees’ fit with the organization, whereas task crafting does not. Employees’ fit with the organization is positively associated with job satisfaction.

Research limitations/implications

Employees’ job crafting has positive consequences for a company by enhancing employees’ fit with the organization, resulting in increased job satisfaction. Thus, organizations need to show how much the organization cares about employees’ values, so that employees can initiate job crafting by utilizing organizational support. However, generalizing the results should be done cautiously.

Originality/value

This study focuses on the effect of an organizational-level predictor, whereas previous job crafting literature has focused mainly on an individual level or on task-related factors. It also empirically tests the causal relationships among the three facets of job crafting and provides their distinctive influences on person-organization fit that ultimately leads to job satisfaction.

Keywords

Citation

Kim, H., Im, J., Qu, H. and NamKoong, J. (2018), "Antecedent and consequences of job crafting: an organizational level approach", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 30 No. 3, pp. 1863-1881. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-01-2017-0040

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited