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The impact of climate change on cocoa production in West Africa

Kenneth Ofori-Boateng (GIMPA Business School, Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Achimota-Accra, Ghana)
Baba Insah (Business School, Wa Polytechnic, Wa, Ghana)

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management

ISSN: 1756-8692

Article publication date: 12 August 2014




The study aimed at examining the current and future impact of climate change on cocoa production in West Africa.


A translog production function based on crop yield response framework was used. A panel model was estimated using data drawn from cocoa-producing countries in West Africa. An in-sample simulation was used to determine the predictive power of the model. In addition, an out-sample simulation revealed the effect of future trends of temperature and precipitation on cocoa output.


Temperature and precipitation play a considerable role in cocoa production in West Africa. It was established that extreme temperature adversely affected cocoa output in the sub-region. Furthermore, increasing temperature and declining precipitation trends will reduce cocoa output in the future.

Practical implications

An important implication of this study is the recognition that lagging effects are the determinants of cocoa output and not coincident effects. This finds support from the agronomic point of view considering the gestation period of the cocoa crop.


Although several studies have been carried out in this area, this study modeled and estimated the interacting effects of factors that influence cocoa production. This is closer to reality, as climatic factors and agricultural inputs combine to yield output.



Ofori-Boateng, K. and Insah, B. (2014), "The impact of climate change on cocoa production in West Africa", International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 6 No. 3, pp. 296-314.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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