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Entropy generation analysis of magneto-nanoliquids embedded with aluminium and titanium alloy nanoparticles in microchannel with partial slips and convective conditions

Shashikumar N.S. (Department of Mathematics, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Karnataka, India)
B.J. Gireesha (Department of Mathematics, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Karnataka, India)
B. Mahanthesh (Department of Mathematics, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Karnataka, India, and Department of Mathematics, Christ University, Bangalore, India)
Prasannakumara B.C. (Department of Mathematics, Government First Grade College, Koppa, India)
Ali J. Chamkha (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 7 January 2019

Issue publication date: 17 October 2019

147

Abstract

Purpose

Outstanding features such as superior electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity of alloy nanoparticles with working fluids make them ideal materials to be used as coolants in microelectromechanical systems (MEMSs). This paper aims to investigate the effects of different alloy nanoparticles such as AA7075 and Ti6Al4V on microchannel flow of magneto-nanoliquids with partial slip and convective boundary conditions. Flow features are explored with the effects of magnetism and nanoparticle shape. Heat transport of fluid includes radiative heat, internal heat source/sink, viscous and Joule heating phenomena.

Design/methodology/approach

Suitable dimensionless variables are used to reduce dimensional governing equations into dimensionless ordinary differential equations. The relevant dimensionless ordinary differential systems are computed numerically by using Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg-based shooting approach. Pertinent results of velocity, temperature, entropy number and Bejan number for assorted values of physical parameters are comprehensively discussed. Also, a closed-form solution is obtained for momentum equation for a particular case. Analytical results agree perfectly with numerical results.

Findings

It is established that the entropy production can be improved with radiative heat, Joule heating, convective heating and viscous dissipation aspects. The entropy production is higher in the case of Ti6Al4V-H2O nanofluid than AA7075-H2O. Further, the inequality Ns(ξ)Sphere > Ns(ξ)Hexahedran > Ns(ξ)Tetrahydran > Ns(ξ)Column > Ns(ξ)Lamina holds true.

Originality/value

Effects of aluminium and titanium alloy nanoparticles in microchannel flows by using viscous dissipation and Joule heating are investigated for the first time. Flow features are explored with the effects of magnetism and nanoparticle shape. The results for different alloy nanoparticles such as AA7075 and Ti6Al4V have been compared.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Conflict of interest: The authors have no conflict of interest in publishing this paper.

Citation

N.S., S., Gireesha, B.J., Mahanthesh, B., B.C., P. and Chamkha, A.J. (2019), "Entropy generation analysis of magneto-nanoliquids embedded with aluminium and titanium alloy nanoparticles in microchannel with partial slips and convective conditions", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 29 No. 10, pp. 3638-3658. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-06-2018-0301

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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