This study aims to investigate numerically the problem of conjugate conduction and mixed convection heat transfer of a nanofluid in a rotational/stationary circular enclosure using a two-phase mixture model.
Hot and cold surfaces on the wall or inside the enclosure (heater and cooler) are maintained at constant temperature of Th and Tc, respectively, whereas other parts are thermally insulated. To examine the effects of various parameters such as Richardson number (0.01 = Ri =100), thermal conductivity ratio of solid to base fluid (1 = Kr = 100), volume fraction of nanoparticle (0 = φ = 0.05), insertion of conductive covers (C.Cs) around the heater in a different shape (triangular, circular or square), segmentation and arrangement of the conductive blocks (C.Bs) and rotation direction of the enclosure on the flow structure and heat transfer rate, two-dimensional equations of mass, momentum and energy conservation, as well as volume fraction, are solved using finite volume method and Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations (SIMPLE) algorithm.
The results show that inserting C.C around heater can increase or decrease heat transfer rate, and it depends on thermal conductivity ratio of solid to pure fluid. Also, it is found that by the division of C.B and location of its portions in a horizontal configuration, heat transfer rate reduces. Moreover, it is observed that external heating and cooling of the enclosure causes enhancement of heat transfer relative to that of internal heating and cooling. Finally, results illustrate that under the condition that cylinders rotate in the same direction, the heat transfer rate increases as compared to those that rotate in the opposite direction. Hence rotation direction of cylinders can be used as a desired parameter for controlling heat transfer rate.
A comprehensive report of results for the problem of conjugate conduction and mixed convection heat transfer in a circular cylinder containing different shapes of C.C, conducting obstacle and heater and cooler has been presented. An efficient numerical technique has been developed to solve this problem. The achievements of this paper are purely original, and the numerical results were never published by any researcher.
Hoseininejad, F., Dinarvand, S. and Yazdi, M.E. (2021), "Manninen’s mixture model for conjugate conduction and mixed convection heat transfer of a nanofluid in a rotational/stationary circular enclosure", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 31 No. 5, pp. 1662-1694. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-05-2020-0301
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