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Work organisation, bullying and intention to leave in the hospitality industry

Philip Bohle (Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Angela Knox (University of Sydney Business School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Jack Noone (Centre for Social Impact, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia)
Maria Mc Namara (Cerebral Palsy Alliance Research Institute, Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia)
Julia Rafalski (Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Vitoria, Brazil)
Michael Quinlan (University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine relationships between work organisation, bullying and intention to leave (ITL) in the Australian hospitality industry, using pressure, disorganisation and regulatory failure (PDR) to measure work organisation.

Design/methodology/approach

Cross-sectional survey data were collected from 72 workers in Australian accommodation hotels. They were aged 20-65 years (M=38.26, SD=12.60) and 57.1 per cent were female. The proposed path model was tested with the Mplus (v.7) statistical package using Hayes’ (2009) procedure for mediation analysis.

Findings

There were positive bivariate correlations between all variables. The path model indicated that disorganisation and regulatory failure had direct positive associations with bullying. Financial pressure and bullying had direct positive associations with ITL.

Research limitations/implications

The small sample may not be representative and the cross-sectional design and self-report data risk common method variance effects and preclude attributions of causality. Future studies should use more representative samples and longitudinal designs to address common method variance issues and facilitate causal inferences.

Originality/value

Bullying and turnover are significant problems in the hospitality industry, but the contribution of work organisation variables is poorly understood. The present study provides promising preliminary evidence on the potential role of PDR as an antecedent of both bullying and ITL.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are very grateful to United Voice for facilitating data collection.

Citation

Bohle, P., Knox, A., Noone, J., Mc Namara, M., Rafalski, J. and Quinlan, M. (2017), "Work organisation, bullying and intention to leave in the hospitality industry", Employee Relations, Vol. 39 No. 4, pp. 446-458. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-07-2016-0149

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited