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Moving toward sustainability and circularity in hill road construction: a study of barriers, practices and performance

Ram Asra Khural (Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Rajpura, India)
Shashi (Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Paonta Sahib, India)
Myriam Ertz (LaboNFC, Department of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Saguenay, Canada)
Roberto Cerchione (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 13 December 2022




This study explores the relationships among sustainability implementation barriers (resource, managerial and regulatory barriers), sustainability practices (sustainable construction materials, sustainable construction design, modern construction methods and environmental provisions and reporting) and sustainability performance (environmental, economic and social) in hill road construction (HRC).


Primary data were collected from the 313 HRC practitioners with the help of a questionnaire, and research hypotheses were tested employing structural equation modeling.


The findings reveal a mixed effect of sustainability implementation barriers. Resource (managerial) barriers are negatively related to all practices except environmental provisions and reporting (sustainable construction materials), while regulatory barriers only negatively impact modern construction methods. On the other hand, all sustainability practices positively impact environmental performance, whereas economic (social) performance is positively influenced by all practices, except environmental provisions and reporting (modern construction methods), and positively affects economic performance.


In order to transform HRC toward sustainability, the barriers to sustainability implementation, sustainability practices and performance need to be understood by practitioners; however, the relationships have not previously been empirically assessed in extant literature. Besides, past research appears to be predominantly focused on the environmental aspect, thereby neglecting economic and social aspects. This study is a modest attempt to bridge these research gaps.



Khural, R.A., Shashi, Ertz, M. and Cerchione, R. (2022), "Moving toward sustainability and circularity in hill road construction: a study of barriers, practices and performance", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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