Organisational justice mechanisms’ mediating leadership style, cognition- and affect-based trust during COVID-19 in South Africa
Article publication date: 31 May 2022
Issue publication date: 5 October 2022
This study aims to investigate how different kinds of leadership styles (transformational and transactional leadership) influence different components of trust (affect-based and cognition-based trust), mediated by organisational justice mechanisms (distributive, procedural and interactional justice) during COVID-19 conditions in South Africa.
This study conducted a quantitative study by collecting survey data from 366 leaders in three organisations in South Africa, using valid and reliable scales. Given the number of latent constructs, the statistical technique used for this research was partial least squares-structural equation modelling, which enabled the authors to evaluate the strength and significance of the mediating relationships.
Findings show unexpectedly that neither distributive nor procedural justice has any significant mediating effect between transformational and transactional leadership and between the components of trust (affect-based and cognition-based trust). However, interactional justice was found to have a significant positive mediating effect between transactional leadership and affect-based trust as well as cognition-based trust. The same did not apply to transformational leadership.
Given the context of this study, which was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, these findings support the notion that it is the responsibility of leaders in organisations to communicate effectively, clearly and transparently to their followers at all times but particularly during times of extreme uncertainty. These increased levels of perceived fairness result in the development of trust within the organisation.
Visser, S.W.J. and Scheepers, C.B. (2022), "Organisational justice mechanisms’ mediating leadership style, cognition- and affect-based trust during COVID-19 in South Africa", European Business Review, Vol. 34 No. 6, pp. 776-797. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-11-2021-0243
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