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Teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic: a leader-member exchange perspective

Yuhsuan Chang (College of Management, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)
ChungJen Chien (College of Management, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)
Li-Fang Shen (College of Management, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)

Evidence-based HRM

ISSN: 2049-3983

Article publication date: 31 May 2022

Issue publication date: 27 February 2023

449

Abstract

Purpose

The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the process of teleworking and teleworking is expected to be a central feature of workplaces of the future. The present study examines the effect of leader-member exchange (LMX) and perception of loneliness on the relationship between proactive coping and the work productivity of teleworkers during the COVID-19 crisis time.

Design/methodology/approach

Using structural equation modeling (SEM), this study the study is based on a survey of 572 teleworkers in Taiwan drawn from a variety of industry sectors.

Findings

Through the application of a hypothesized moderated mediation model, the indirect effects of proactive coping on work productivity via LMX are stronger for employees who experience a higher level of perceived loneliness.

Research limitations/implications

The results have contributed to current understanding on the success of telework at the individual level and extends research framework of teleworking. Using self-report questionnaire is one of the limitations; however, this was feasible data collection method during COVID-19.

Practical implications

Organizations need to provide further training aimed at enhancing proactive coping and dealing with future work challenges in the complex and dynamic workplace.

Originality/value

This study is the first among its type to examine proactive coping and job productivity from a LMX during COVID-19.

Keywords

Citation

Chang, Y., Chien, C. and Shen, L.-F. (2023), "Teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic: a leader-member exchange perspective", Evidence-based HRM, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 68-84. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBHRM-10-2021-0220

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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