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Determinant factors of competitiveness in the hotel sector: the case of Portugal

Sara Nunes (School of Management, Instituto Politecnico de Castelo Branco, Idanha-a-Nova, Portugal and Research Center in Business Sciences, Universidade da Beira Interior, NECE, Covilhã, Portugal)
Cristina Estevão (School of Management, Instituto Politecnico de Castelo Branco, Idanha-a-Nova, Portugal and Research Center in Business Sciences, Universidade da Beira Interior, NECE, Covilhã, Portugal)
Maria Nicolau Filipe (School of Management, Instituto Politecnico de Castelo Branco, Idanha-a-Nova, Portugal)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 19 March 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

Competitiveness has been the objective of investigation in tourism in general, and particularly in hospitality, by many researchers in the past decades. The purpose of this study is to identify which main factors are considered crucial for the increase of competitiveness in hospitality, by applying the Porter’s diamond model to this sector.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology used in the study required the use of primary data from which the authors obtained 285 responses from companies related to hospitality in Portugal. In the processing of data, the authors used a structural equation model.

Findings

The results showed that “government policies”, “factor conditions”, “related and supporting industries” and “cooperation and innovation” were determinant factors of the competitiveness of the sector.

Originality/value

Despite the importance of competitiveness in hospitality, the number of studies focused on the empirical validation models of competitiveness, applied to the hospitality industry, is still incipient. This study contributes to fill this gap.

Keywords

Citation

Nunes, S., Estevão, C. and Nicolau Filipe, M. (2018), "Determinant factors of competitiveness in the hotel sector: the case of Portugal", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 28 No. 2, pp. 122-135. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-07-2016-0043

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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