This paper aims to propose a simplified model of vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) for VRB energy storage system (ESS) design considering the operational characteristics of VRB, and a VRB ESS, considering the low terminal voltage of VRB, was presented.
According to the designed topology of VRB ESS and the simplified model of VRB, a small perturbation analysis method was used to establish the transfer function of VRB ESS, and the controller parameters of VRB ESS under constant charging and discharging current were designed.
Test results have demonstrated that this designed VRB ESS has fast response, small overshoot, strong adaptation and high steady precision, which strongly verified the reasonable design.
This simplified model of VRB can be suitably used for VRB ESS design. This designed VRB ESS realized the bidirectional power flow of VRB and AC grid. In this designed VRB ESS, phase-shifted full-bridge converter and a single-phase inverter were used and VRB was charged and discharged under constant current.
The paper presents a topology of VRB ESS which can realize the bidirectional power flow of VRB and AC grid. Considering the complexity of VRB model, a simplified model of VRB was proposed for the controller parameters design of VRB ESS, and this method can be used in application.
Lei, J., Gong, Q. and Ye, J. (2017), "Design of an energy storage system based on vanadium redox flow battery considering a simplified model of VRB", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 153-167. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-01-2016-0036
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