In line with conservation of resources theory and signaling theory, the purpose of this paper is to conceptualize and test a multiple mediation model in which telecommuting affects engagement via perceived supervisor goal support and goal progress.
A three-phase longitudinal study carried out over ten months was used to test the hypotheses.
Individuals who worked in organizations that offer telecommuting were more engaged than those who worked in organizations that did not offer telecommuting. Furthermore, telecommuting availability was not only directly but also indirectly related to engagement via perceived supervisor goal support and goal progress. Engagement in general decreased over time. However, individuals who attained their personal work goals were able to maintain high levels of engagement.
Giving employees the option to telecommute could increase employee engagement. This study is correlational in nature and relied on self-report data.
This is the first study examining the effects of telecommuting on engagement over a period of ten months. It is also the first study to use perceived supervisor goal support and goal progress as explanatory variables to the teleworking and engagement relationship.
Masuda, A.D., Holtschlag, C. and Nicklin, J.M. (2017), "Why the availability of telecommuting matters: The effects of telecommuting on engagement via goal pursuit", Career Development International, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 200-219. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-05-2016-0064
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