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Innovations in financing of agri-food value chains in China and India: Lessons and policies for inclusive financing

Kevin Z Chen (International Food Policy Research Institute, Beijing, China)
Pramod K Joshi (International Food Policy Research Institute, New Delhi, India)
Enjiang Cheng (Victoria Institute of Strategic Economic Studies, University of Victoria, Australia)
Pratap S Birthal (National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, New Delhi, India)

China Agricultural Economic Review

ISSN: 1756-137X

Article publication date: 2 November 2015




The purpose of this paper is to synthesize lessons from the agricultural value chain models and their associated financing mechanisms in China and India as to provide policy recommendations on how best to facilitate development of efficient and inclusive value chains.


The paper builds on a review of the existing literature on agricultural value chains and their financing mechanisms, and draws lessons from it for strengthening interface between product and financial markets in order to enable smallholders capture benefits of the value addition.


From the comparative review of value chain financing mechanisms and current policy contexts the authors find dominance of internal financing of value chains (in terms of provision of inputs, technology and services) in both the countries. Value chain finance from commercial banks and other financial institutions is limited and mainly through tripartite agreements among the financing institutions, lead firms and farmers.

Practical implications

The lessons drawn from various value chain models and their financing mechanisms provide feedback to financial institutions and policymakers to take measures to strengthen value chain finance in smallholder agriculture.


The paper undertakes a rigorous review of the existing value chain models and their financing mechanisms in light of the most recent research on emerging innovations and development strategies, in order to glean key lessons for policy recommendations on strengthening linkages between financial and product markets.



JEL Classification — L22, P41, Q12, Q14, Q18

Funding support for this study came from the Asian Development Bank TA-7996 project “Innovative Financing for Agriculture and Food Value Chains (Project Number: 45073)” and the CGIAR Research Programme on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM). The opinions expressed here are those of the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the institutions they belong to. Authors are grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their comments that helped bringing this paper in its present shape.


Chen, K.Z., Joshi, P.K., Cheng, E. and Birthal, P.S. (2015), "Innovations in financing of agri-food value chains in China and India: Lessons and policies for inclusive financing", China Agricultural Economic Review, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 616-640.



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Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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