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DEA and Monte Carlo simulation approach towards green car selection

Anand Prakash (National Institute of Construction Management and Research, Pune, India)
Rajendra P. Mohanty (ICFAI Group of Universities, Hyderabad, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 3 July 2017




Automakers are engaged in manufacturing both efficient and inefficient green cars. The purpose of this paper is to categorize efficient green cars and inefficient green cars followed by improving efficiencies of identified inefficient green cars for distribution fitting.


The authors have used 2014 edition of secondary data published by the Automotive Research Centre of the Automobile Club of Southern California. The paper provides the methodology of applying data envelopment analysis (DEA) consisting of 50 decision-making units (DMUs) of green cars with six input indices (emission, braking, ride quality, acceleration, turning circle, and luggage capacity) and two output indices (miles per gallon and torque) integrated with Monte Carlo simulation for drawing significant statistical inferences graphically.


The findings of this study showed that there are 27 efficient and 23 inefficient DMUs along with improvement matrix. Additionally, the study highlighted the best distribution fitting of improved efficient green cars for respective indices.

Research limitations/implications

This study suffers from limitations associated with 2014 edition of secondary data used in this research.

Practical implications

This study may be useful for motorists with efficient listing of green cars, whereas automakers can be benefitted with distribution fitting of improved efficient green cars using Monte Carlo simulation for calibration.


The paper uses DEA to empirically examine classification of green cars and applies Monte Carlo simulation for distribution fitting to improved efficient green cars to decide appropriate range of their attributes for calibration.



The authors greatly appreciate the advice and insightful suggestions made by Professor Angappa Gunasekaran the Editor, and would like to thank the reviewers for their valuable comments, which helped in improvement of quality of the paper.


Prakash, A. and Mohanty, R.P. (2017), "DEA and Monte Carlo simulation approach towards green car selection", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 1234-1252.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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