Nolwenn Bühler (University of Lausanne, Switzerland and University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland)

When Reproduction Meets Ageing

ISBN: 978-1-83909-747-8, eISBN: 978-1-83909-746-1

Publication date: 27 May 2021


Bühler, N. (2021), "References", When Reproduction Meets Ageing (Emerald Studies in Reproduction, Culture and Society), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 203-232.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021 Nolwenn Bühler. Published under exclusive license by Emerald Publishing Limited

Abban and Johnson, 2009 Abban, G. , & Johnson, J. (2009). Stem cell support of oogenesis in the human. Human Reproduction, 24(12), 29742978. doi:10.1093/humrep/dep281

Abdalla et al., 1990 Abdalla, H. I. , Baber, R. , Kirkland, A. , Leonard, T. , Power, M. , & Studd, J. W. W. (1990). A report on 100 cycles of oocyte donation; factors affecting the outcome. Human Reproduction, 5(8), 10181022.

Abdalla et al., 1993 Abdalla, H. I. , Burton, G. , Kirkland, A. , Johnson, M. R. , Leonard, T. , Brooks, A. A. , & Studd, J. W. W. (1993). Pregnancy: Age, pregnancy and miscarriage: Uterine versus ovarian factors. Human Reproduction, 8(9), 15121517.

Abdalla et al., 1997 Abdalla, H. I. , Wren, M. E. , Thomas, A. , & Korea, L. (1997). Age of the uterus does not affect pregnancy or implantation rates; a study of egg donation in women of different ages sharing oocytes from the same donor. Human Reproduction, 12(4), 827829. doi:10.1093/humrep/12.4.827

ACOG and ASRM, 2014 ACOG , & ASRM . (2014). Female age-related fertility decline. Fertility and Sterility, 101(3), 633634. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.12.032

Adams et al., 2009 Adams, V. , Murphy, M. , & Clarke, A. E. (2009). Anticipation: Technoscience, life, affect, temporality. Subjectivity, 28(1), 246265. doi:10.1057/sub.2009.18

Adrian, 2015 Adrian, S. W. (2015). Psychological IVF: Conceptualizing emotional choreography in a fertility clinic. Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, 16(3), 302317. doi:10.1080/1600910X.2015.1091780

Ahmed, 2008 Ahmed, S. (2008). Open forum imaginary prohibitions some preliminary remarks on the founding gestures of the ‘New materialism’. European Journal of Women's Studies, 15(1), 2339. doi:10.1177/1350506807084854

Ainsworth, 2005 Ainsworth, C. (2005). Bone cells linked to creation of fresh eggs in mammals. Nature, 436(7051), 609. doi:10.1038/436609a

Albertini, 2004 Albertini, D. F. (2004). Micromanagement of the ovarian follicle reserve – do stem cells play into the ledger? Reproduction, 127(5), 513514. doi:10.1530/rep.1.00247

Allen and Creadick, 1937 Allen, E. , & Creadick, R. N. (1937). Ovogenesis during sexual maturity. The first stage, mitosis in the germinal epithelium, as shown by the colchicine technique. The Anatomical Record, 69(2), 191195. doi:10.1002/ar.1090690209

Allen, 1923 Allen, E. (1923). Ovogenesis during sexual maturity. American Journal of Anatomy, 31(5), 439481. doi:10.1002/aja.1000310502

Allen, 2014 Allen, S. (2014, October 17). Don't be fooled by Apple and Facebook, egg freezing is not a benefit. The Daily Beast. Retrieved from

Almeling et al., 2014 Almeling, R. , Radin, J. , & Richardson, S. S. (2014, October 20). Egg-freezing a better deal for companies than for women. CNN. Retrieved from

Almeling, 2006 Almeling, R. (2006). ‘Why do you want to be a donor?’: Gender and the production of altruism in egg and sperm donation. New Genetics & Society, 25(2), 143157. doi:10.1080/14636770600855184

Almeling, 2007 Almeling, R. (2007). Selling genes, selling gender: Egg agencies, sperm banks, and the medical market in genetic material. American Sociological Review, 72(3), 319340.

Alonzo, 2002 Alonzo, A. A. (2002). Long-term health consequences of delayed childbirth: NHANES III. Women's Health Issues, 12(1), 3745. doi:10.1016/S1049-3867(01)00135-9

Althaus, 2013 Althaus, N. (2013). Die fruchtbarkeits-panik. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on September 22, 2015.

Alviggi et al., 2009 Alviggi, C. , Humaidan, P. , Howles, C. M. , Tredway, D. , & Hillier, S. G. (2009). Biological versus chronological ovarian age: Implications for assisted reproductive technology. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 7, 101. doi:10.1186/1477-7827-7-101

Amaral and Ramalho-Santos, 2009 Amaral, S. , & Ramalho-Santos, J. (2009). Aging, mitochondria and male reproductive function. Current Aging Science, 2(3), 165173.

Amir, 2007 Amir, M. (2007). Bio-temporality and social regulation: The emergence of the biological clock. Polygraph: An International Journal of Culture and Politics, 18, 4772.

Anonymous, 2012 Anonymous . (2012). Et si les femmes pouvaient produire des ovules toute leur vie ? Le Point.Fr Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 21, 2015.

Antinori et al., 1993 Antinori, S. , Versaci, C. , Gholami, G. H. , Panci, C. , & Caffa, B. (1993). Pregnancy: Oocyte donation in menopausal women. Human Reproduction, 8(9), 14871490.

Arai, 1920 Arai, H. (1920). On the postnatal development of the ovary (albino rat), with especial reference to the number of ova. American Journal of Anatomy, 27(4), 405462. doi:10.1002/aja.1000270403

Åsberg and Lykke, 2010 Åsberg, C. , & Lykke, N. (2010). Feminist technoscience studies. European Journal of Women's Studies, 17(4), 299305. doi:10.1177/1350506810377692

ASRM et al., 2013 ASRM and SART Practice Committees, (The Practice Committees of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology ). (2013). Mature oocyte cryopreservation: A guideline. Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 3743.

Baldwin, 2019 Baldwin, K. (2019). The biomedicalisation of reproductive ageing: Reproductive citizenship and the gendering of fertility risk. Health, Risk & Society, 21(5–6), 268283. doi:10.1080/13698575.2019.1651256

Baldwin et al., 2014 Baldwin, K., Culley, L., Hudson, N., & Mitchell, H. (2014). Reproductive technology and the life course: Current debates and research in social egg freezing. Human Fertility, 17(3), 170179. doi:10.3109/14647273.2014.939723

Baldwin et al., 2019 Baldwin, K., Culley, L., Hudson, N., & Mitchell, H. (2019). Running out of time: Exploring women’s motivations for social egg freezing. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 40(2), 166173. doi:10.1080/0167482X.2018.1460352

Baldwin et al., 2015 Baldwin, K., Culley, L., Hudson, N., Mitchell, H., & Lavery, S. (2015). Oocyte cryopreservation for social reasons: Demographic profile and disposal intentions of UK users. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 31(2), 239245. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2015.04.010

Ball et al., 1947 Ball, Z. B. , Barnes, R. H. , & Visscher, M. B. (1947). The effects of dietary caloric restriction on maturity and senescence, with particular reference to fertility and longevity. American Journal of Physiology–Legacy Content, 150(3), 511519.

Bancsi et al., 2002 Bancsi, L. , Broekmans, F. J. M. , Eijkemans, M. J. C. , de Jong, F. H. , Habbema, J. D. F. , & te Velde, E. R. (2002). Predictors of poor ovarian response in in vitro fertilization: A prospective study comparing basal markers of ovarian reserve. Fertility and Sterility, 77(2), 328336. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(01)02983-1

Barad, 1998 Barad, K. (1998). Getting real: Technoscientific practices and the materialization of reality. Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, 10, 87126.

Barad, 2003 Barad, K. (2003). Posthumanist performativity: Toward an understanding of how matter comes to matter. Signs, 28(3), 801831. doi:10.1086/345321

Barad, 2007 Barad, K. (2007). Meeting the universe halfway: Quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning (Second Printing edition). Durham, NC: Duke University Press Books.

Barritt et al., 2001 Barritt, J. A. , Willadsen, S. , Brenner, C. , & Cohen, J. (2001). Cytoplasmic transfer in assisted reproduction. Human Reproduction Update, 7(4), 428435. doi:10.1093/humupd/7.4.428

Baud et al., 2019 Baud, D. , Pattaroni, C. , Vulliemoz, N. , Castella, V. , Marsland, B. J. , & Stojanov, M. (2019). Sperm microbiota and its impact on semen parameters. Frontiers in Microbiology, 10, 234. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2019.00234

Baumann, 2010a Baumann, P. (2010a, December 15). J'aimerais encore un deuxième enfant! In L'Illustré n°50 (pp. 2021). Lausanne: Ringier Romandie.

Baumann, 2010b Baumann, P. (propos recueillis par). (2010b, December 15). On ne peut pas retarder l'âge de la ménopause. In L'Illustré n°50 (pp. 2223). Lausanne: Ringier Romandie.

Becker, 1994 Becker, G. (1994). Metaphors in disrupted lives: Infertility and cultural constructions of continuity. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 8(4), 383410. doi:10.1525/maq.1994.8.4.02a00040

Begum et al., 2008 Begum, S. , Papaioannou, V. E. , & Gosden, R. G. (2008). The oocyte population is not renewed in transplanted or irradiated adult ovaries. Human Reproduction, 23(10), 23262330. doi:10.1093/humrep/den249

Belaisch-Allart et al., 2013a Belaisch-Allart, J. , Brzakowski, M. , Chouraqui, A. , Grefenstette, I. , Mayenga, J.-M. , Muller, E. , … Kulski, O. (2013a). Conservation ovocytaire, quelle problématique? Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité, 41(9), 518520. doi:10.1016/j.gyobfe.2013.07.002

Belaisch-Allart et al., 2013b Belaisch-Allart, J. , Darai, É. , Lévy, G. , Epelboin, S. , Hédon, B. , Merviel, P. , … Vienne, C. de (2013b). Réflexions sur les indications sociétales de la préservation de la fertilité féminine. Médecine Thérapeutique/Médecine de La Reproduction, Gynécologie et Endocrinologie, 15(1), 111118. doi:10.1684/mte.2013.0444

Bellacasa, 2010 Bellacasa, M. P. de la (2010). Ethical doings in naturecultures. Ethics, Place & Environment, 13(2), 151169. doi:10.1080/13668791003778834

Beltrame, 2013 Beltrame, L. (2013). Disputing the boundary of pluripotency. The Italian public debate on amniotic fluid-derived stem cells. New Genetics & Society, 32(4), 385404. doi:10.1080/14636778.2013.852009

Benezra et al., 2012 Benezra, A. , DeStefano, J. , & Gordon, J. I. (2012). Anthropology of microbes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(17), 63786381. doi:10.1073/pnas.1200515109

Bentov and Casper, 2013 Bentov, Y. , & Casper, R. F. (2013). The aging oocyte—Can mitochondrial function be improved? Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 1822. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.11.031

Bergmann, 2011a Bergmann, S. (2011a). Fertility tourism: Circumventive routes that enable access to reproductive technologies and substances. Signs, 36(2), 280288. doi:10.1086/655978

Bergmann, 2011b Bergmann, S. (2011b). Reproductive agency and projects: Germans searching for egg donation in Spain and the Czech Republic. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 23(5), 600608. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.06.014

Bernardi, 2002 Bernardi, B. (2002). Âge. In P. Bonte & M. Izard (Eds.), Dictionnaire de l'ethnologie et de l'anthropologie (pp. 3133). Paris: Quadrige/PUF.

Bersier, 2014 Bersier, M. (2014). Congélation des ovocytes en Suisse. In Etude Bersier , edited by Suisse Etude Bersier - Avocats au barreau de Genève. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Bessin and Levilain, 2012 Bessin, M. , & Levilain, H. (2012). Parents après 40 ans. Paris: Autrement.

Bestard and Orobitg, 2009 Bestard, J. , & Orobitg, G. (2009). Le paradoxe du don anonyme: Signification des dons d'ovules dans les procréations médicalement assistées. In E. P. I Gené (Ed.), Défis contemporains de la parenté (pp. 277301). Paris: Editions de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales.

Bharadwaj, 2012 Bharadwaj, A. (2012). Enculturating cells: The anthropology, substance, and science of stem cells. Annual Review of Anthropology, 41(1), 303317. doi:10.1146/annurev-anthro-092611-145710

Blackman, 2016 Blackman, L. (2016). The new biologies: Epigenetics, the microbiome and immunities. Body & Society, 22(4), 318. doi:10.1177/1357034X16662325

Blaha, 1964 Blaha, G. C. (1964). Effect of age of the donor and recipient on the development of transferred golden hamster ova. The Anatomical Record, 150(4), 413416. doi:10.1002/ar.1091500409

Blaha, 1968 Blaha, G. C. (1968). Effect of grafted ovaries on implantation and development of transferred ova in aged and young golden hamsters. The Anatomical Record, 160, 318.

Bleichenbacher et al., 2010 Bleichenbacher, M. , Heitlinger, E. , & Imthurn, B. (2010). La vision de la procréation médicalement assistée en Suisse. Bulletin Des Médecins Suisses| Schweizerische Ärztezeitung| Bollettino Dei Medici Svizzeri, 91, 36.

Block, 1952 Block, E. (1952). Quantitative morphological investigations of the follicular system in women. Cells Tissues Organs, 14(1–2), 108123. doi:10.1159/000140595

Bock von Wülfingen et al., 2015 Bock von Wülfingen, B. , Brandt, C. , Lettow, S. , & Vienne, F. (2015). Temporalities of reproduction: Practices and concepts from the eighteenth to the early twenty-first century. History & Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 37(1), 116. doi:10.1007/s40656-015-0059-9

Bongaarts, 1982 Bongaarts, J. (1982). Infertility after age 30: A false alarm. Family Planning Perspectives, 14(2), 7578. doi:10.2307/2134817

Boudreau, 2013 Boudreau, A. (2013, June 20). Doctor challenges women and fertility myths—ABC news. ABC News. Retrieved from

Bratti and Tatsiramos, 2012 Bratti, M. , & Tatsiramos, K. (2012). The effect of delaying motherhood on the second childbirth in Europe. Journal of Population Economics, 25(1), 291321. doi:10.1007/s00148-010-0341-9

Brenner et al., 2000 Brenner, C. A. , Barritt, J. A. , Willadsen, S. , & Cohen, J. (2000). Mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy after human ooplasmic transplantation. Fertility and Sterility, 74(3), 573578. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(00)00681-6

Bristol Gould et al., 2006 Bristol Gould, S. K. , Kreeger, P. K. , Selkirk, C. G. , Kilen, S. M. , Mayo, K. E. , … Woodruff, T. K. (2006). Fate of the initial follicle pool: Empirical and mathematical evidence supporting its sufficiency for adult fertility. Developmental Biology, 298(1), 149154. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.06.023

Brook et al., 1984 Brook, J. D. , Gosden, R. G. , & Chandley, A. C. (1984). Maternal ageing and aneuploid embryos—Evidence from the mouse that biological and not chronological age is the important influence. Human Genetics, 66(1), 4145. doi:10.1007/BF00275184

Brown, 2003 Brown, N. (2003). Hope against hype—Accountability in biopasts, presents and futures. Science and Technology Studies, 16(2), 321.

Brown, 2005 Brown, N. (2005). Shifting tenses: Reconnecting regimes of truth and hope. Configurations, 13(3), 331355. doi:10.1353/con.2007.0019

Bühler and Herbrand, 2020 Bühler, N. , & Herbrand, C. (2020). Powering life through MitoTechnologies: Exploring the bio-objectification of mitochondria in reproduction. BioSocieties. doi:10.1057/s41292-020-00204-6

Bühler and König, 2015 Bühler, N. , & König, A. (2015). Making kinship in Switzerland and beyond: Imaginations and substances. Sociologus, 65(1), 110. doi:10.3790/soc.65.1.1

Bühler et al., 2015 Bühler, N. , de Jong, W. , Nay, Y. E. , & Zehnder, K. (2015). Ontological choreography' as an ethnographic tool: Understanding the making of families by reproductive technologies in Switzerland. Tsantsa, 20, 3446.

Bühler, 2014 Bühler, N. (2014). Tracer les frontières de la médecine reproductive entre légalité, responsabilité et légitimité: Les médecins face à l’interdiction du don d’ovocytes en Suisse. In C. Burton-Jeangros , R. Hammer , & I. Maffi (Eds.), Accompagner la naissance. Terrains socio-anthropologiques en Suisse romande (pp. 3156). Lausanne: BSN Press. Retrieved from

Bühler, 2015 Bühler, N. (2015). Imagining the future of motherhood: The medically assisted extension of fertility and the production of genealogical continuity. Sociologus, 65(1), 79100. doi:10.3790/soc.65.1.79

Butler, 1986 Butler, J . (1986). Sex and gender in Simone de Beauvoir's Second Sex . Yale French Studies, 72, 3549. doi:10.2307/2930225

Butler, 1989 Butler, R. N. (1989). Dispelling ageism: The cross-cutting intervention. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 503, 138147.

Butler, 2006 Butler, J. (2006). Gender trouble (1st ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Butler, 2011 Butler, J. (2011). Bodies that matter: On the discursive limits of sex (1st ed.). London; New York, NY: Routledge.

Byskov et al., 2005 Byskov, A. G., Faddy, M. J., Lemmen, J. G., & Andersen, C. Y. (2005). Eggs forever? Differentiation, 73(9–10), 438446.

Cajeux, 2008 Cajeux, G. (2008). Les grossesses tardives contraires à l’éthique? Le Matin Online. Retrieved from Accessed on July 8, 2015.

Campbell, 2011 Campbell, P. (2011). Boundaries and risk: Media framing of assisted reproductive technologies and older mothers. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 72(2), 265272. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.10.028

Canguilhem, 1966 Canguilhem, G. (1966). Le normal et le pathologique. Paris: PUF/Quadrige.

Cardona, 2008 Cardona, B. (2008). ‘Healthy Ageing’ policies and anti-ageing ideologies and practices: On the exercise of responsibility. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 11(4), 475483. doi:10.1007/s11019-008-9129-z

Cattapan et al., 2014 Cattapan, A. , Hammond, K. , Haw, J. , & Tarasoff, L. A. (2014). Breaking the ice: Young feminist scholars of reproductive politics reflect on egg freezing. IJFAB: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 7(2), 236247.

Chadwick, 2017 Chadwick, R. (2017). Personalized medicine: What everyone needs to know, written by Michael Snyder The ethics of personalised medicine: Critical perspectives, edited by Jochen Vollman,Verena Sandow, Sebastian Wäscher and Jan Schildmann. European Journal of Health Law, 24(4), 495500. doi:10.1163/15718093-12341426

Chan and Ginsburg, 2011 Chan, I. S. , & Ginsburg, G. S. (2011). Personalized medicine: Progress and promise. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics, 12(1), 217244. doi:10.1146/annurev-genom-082410-101446

Chang et al., 1998 Chang, M.-Y. , Chiang, C.-H. , Chiu, T.-H. , Hsieh, T.-T. , & Soong, Y.-K. (1998). The antral follicle count predicts the outcome of pregnancy in a controlled ovarian hyperstimulation/intrauterine insemination program. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 15(1), 1217. doi:10.1023/A:1022518103368

Chuard, 2015 Chuard, P. (2015). A peine le DPI accepté, une nouvelle bataille s'engage. 24 Heures Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Clarke and Clarke, 1996 Clarke, P. G. H. , & Clarke, S. (1996). Nineteenth century research on naturally occurring cell death and related phenomena. Anatomy and Embryology, 193(2), 8199. doi:10.1007/BF00214700

Clarke et al., 2003 Clarke, A. E. , Shim, J. K. , Mamo, L. , Fosket, J. R. , & Fishman, J. R. (2003). Biomedicalization: Technoscientific transformations of health, illness, and U.S. Biomedicine. American Sociological Review, 68(2), 161194. doi:10.2307/1519765

Clarke et al., 2010 Clarke, A. E. , Mamo, L. , Fosket, J. R. , Fishman, J. R. , & Shim, J. K. (Eds.). (2010). Biomedicalization: Technoscience, health, and illness in the U.S. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Clarke, 1998 Clarke, A. (1998). Disciplining reproduction modernity, American life sciences, and ‘the problems of sex’. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Clarke et al., 2010 Clarke, A., Mamo, L., Fosket, J. R., & Shim, J. K. (Eds.). (2010). Biomedicalization: Technoscience, health, and illness in the U.S . Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Clarke, 2003 Clarke, A. E. (2003). Situational analyses: Grounded theory mapping after the postmodern turn. Symbolic Interaction, 26(4), 553576. doi:10.1525/si.2003.26.issue-4

Cobo et al., 2013 Cobo, A. , Garcia-Velasco, J. A. , Domingo, J. , Remohí, J. , & Pellicer, A. (2013). Is vitrification of oocytes useful for fertility preservation for age-related fertility decline and in cancer patients? Fertility and Sterility, 99(6), 14851495. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.02.050

Cohen et al., 1997 Cohen, J. , Scott, R. , Schimmel, T. , Levron, J. , & Willadsen, S. (1997). Birth of infant after transfer of anucleate donor oocyte cytoplasm into recipient eggs. The Lancet, 350(9072), 186187. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)62353-7

Cohen et al., 1998 Cohen, J. , Scott, R. , Alikani, M. , Schimmel, T. , Munné, S. , Levron, J. , … Willadsen, S. (1998). Ooplasmic transfer in mature human oocytes. Molecular Human Reproduction, 4(3), 269280. doi:10.1093/molehr/4.3.269

Cohen, 1978 Cohen, R. (1978, March 16). The clock is ticking for the career woman. Washington Post. Retrieved from

Connor, 2012 Connor, S. (2012, April 7). Eggs unlimited: An extraordinary tale of scientific discovery. The Independent. Retrieved from

Conrad, 1992 Conrad, P. (1992). Medicalization and social control. Annual Review of Sociology, 18(1), 209232. doi:10.1146/

Conti, 2013 Conti, J. (2013). Stocker ses ovocytes pour faire attendre bébé. Le Temps. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Coole and Frost, 2010 Coole, D. , & Frost, S. (2010). New materialisms: Ontology, agency, and politics. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Cooper, 2006 Cooper, M. (2006). Resuscitations: Stem cells and the crisis of old age. Body & Society, 12(1), 123. doi:10.1177/1357034X06061196

Cooper, 2011 Cooper, M. E. (2011). Life as surplus: Biotechnology and capitalism in the neoliberal era. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Curtis, 2002 Curtis, B. (2002). Foucault on governmentality and population: The impossible discovery. The Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers Canadiens de Sociologie, 27(4), 505533. doi:10.2307/3341588

Curtis, 2010 Curtis, A. (2010). Giving ’til it hurts: Egg donation and the costs of altruism. Feminist Formations, 22(2), 80100. doi:10.1353/ff.2010.0009

Cussins, 1996 Cussins, C. (1996). Ontological choreography: Agency through objectification in infertility clinics. Social Studies of Science, 26(3), 575610. doi:10.1177/030631296026003004

Daly and Bewley, 2013 Daly, I. , & Bewley, S. (2013). Reproductive ageing and conflicting clocks: King Midas' touch. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 27(6), 722732. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2013.09.012

Daly, 2013 Daly, I. (2013). BioNews—The inconvenient truth of fertility decline. Retrieved from

Danthe, 2014 Danthe, M. (2014). Pour faire carrière, les femmes devront-elles congeler leurs ovocytes? Le Temps. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Darby et al., 2013 Darby, H. , Raes, I. , Wyverkens, E. , Parys, H. V. , Ravelingien, A. , Provoost, V. , … Gerrits, T. (2013). Session 42: Ethical aspects of ART. Human Reproduction, 28(1), i64i66. doi:10.1093/humrep/det175

David and Price, 1980 David, G., & Price, W. S. (1980). Human artificial insemination and semen preservation. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

David, 2010a David, G. (2010a). Don de sperme: Le lien entre l’anonymat et le bénévolat. In Donner et après (pp. 153160). Paris: Springer. Retrieved from

David, 2010b David, M. (2010b, December 15). Polémique en Suisse: Un bébé à 64 ans! In L'Illustré n°50 (pp. 1619). Lausanne: Ringier Romandie.

Davis, 2009 Davis, N. (2009). New materialism and feminism's anti-biologism A response to Sara Ahmed. European Journal of Women's Studies, 16(1), 6780. doi:10.1177/1350506808098535

de Candolle and De Geyter, 2011 de Candolle, G. , & De Geyter, C. (2011). Prise de position concernant les restrictions actuelles dans la pratique de la PMA en Suisse. Bulletin des médecins suisses, 92(20), 739740. doi:10.4414/bms.2011.16031

de Jong and Tkach, 2009 de Jong, W., & Tkach, O. (2009). Making bodies, persons and families: Normalising reproductive technologies in Russia, Switzerland and Germany. Berlin: LIT Verlag Münster.

de Vet et al., 2002 de Vet, A. , Laven, J. S. E. , de Jong, F. H. , Themmen, A. P. N. , & Fauser, B. C. J. M. (2002). Antimüllerian hormone serum levels: A putative marker for ovarian aging. Fertility and Sterility, 77(2), 357362. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(01)02993-4

DeCherney and Berkowitz, 1982 DeCherney, A. H. , & Berkowitz, G. S. (1982). Female fecundity and age. New England Journal of Medicine, 306(7), 424426. doi:10.1056/NEJM198202183060712

DeLamater and Hyde, 1998 DeLamater, J. D. , & Hyde, J. S. (1998). Essentialism vs. Social constructionism in the study of human sexuality. The Journal of Sex Research, 35(1), 1018. doi:10.1080/00224499809551913

Delamuraz and Couchepin, 1996 Delamuraz, J.-P. , & Couchepin, P. (1996). 96.058. Message relatif à l’initiative populaire «pour la protection de l’être humain contre les techniques de reproduction artificielle (Initiative pour une procréation respectant la dignité humaine, PPD)» et à la loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée (LPMA). Feuille Fédérale, 3(29), 196300.

Delphy, 1993 Delphy, C. (1993). Rethinking sex and gender. Women's Studies International Forum, 16(1), 19. doi:10.1016/0277-5395(93)90076-L

Descola and Pálsson, 1996 Descola, P. , & Pálsson, G. (Eds.). (1996). Nature and society: Anthropological perspectives. London; New York, NY: Routledge.

Descola, 2005 Descola, P. (2005). Par-delà nature et culture. Paris: Gallimard.

Desrosières, 1993 Desrosières, A. (1993). La politique des grands nombres: Histoire de la raison statistique. Paris: La Découverte.

Dillaway, 2006 Dillaway, H. E. (2006). Good mothers never wane: Mothering at menopause. Journal of Women & Aging, 18(2), 4153. doi:10.1300/J074v18n02_04

Dorland et al., 1998 Dorland, M. , van Kooij, R. J. , & Velde, E. R. T. (1998). General ageing and ovarian ageing. Maturitas, 30(2), 113118. doi:10.1016/S0378-5122(98)00066-8

Dorlin, 2005 Dorlin, E. (2005). Sexe, Genre et Intersexualité: La Crise Comme Régime Théorique. Raisons Politiques, 18(2), 117137. doi:10.3917/rai.018.0117

Dow and Boydell, 2017 Dow, K. , & Boydell, V. (2017). Introduction: Nature and ethics across geographical, rhetorical and human borders. Ethnos, 82(1), 118. doi:10.1080/00141844.2015.1028561

Dunson et al., 2002 Dunson, D. B. , Colombo, B. , & Baird, D. D. (2002). Changes with age in the level and duration of fertility in the menstrual cycle. Human Reproduction, 17(5), 13991403. doi:10.1093/humrep/17.5.1399

Dunson et al., 2004 Dunson, D. B. , Baird, D. D. , & Colombo, B. (2004). Increased infertility with age in men and women. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 103(1), 5156. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000100153.24061.45

Eaton and Mayer, 1953 Eaton, J. W. , & Mayer, A. J. (1953). The social biology of very high fertility among the Hutterites; the demography of a unique population. Human Biology, 25(3), 206264.

Edwards, 2009 Edwards, J. (2009). Skipping a generation and assisting conception. In S. C. Bamford & J. Leach (Eds.), Kinship and beyond: The genealogical model reconsidered (pp. 139158). New York, NY; Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Eggan et al., 2006 Eggan, K. , Jurga, S. , Gosden, R. , Min, I. M. , & Wagers, A. J. (2006). Ovulated oocytes in adult mice derive from non-circulating germ cells. Nature, 441(7097), 11091114. doi:10.1038/nature04929

Eisenberg et al., 2012 Eisenberg, D. T. A., Geoffrey Hayes, M., & Kuzawa, C. W. (2012). Delayed paternal age of reproduction in humans is associated with longer telomeres across two generations of descendants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(26), 1025110256. doi:10.1073/pnas.1202092109

Engeli, 2010 Engeli, I. (2010). Les politiques de la reproduction: Les politiques d’avortement et de procréation médicalement assistée en France et en Suisse. Paris: L'Harmattan.

Erel et al., 2005 Erel, C. T. , Aydin, Y. , Kaleli, S. , Ilvan, S. , & Senturk, L. M. (2005). Is endometrial apoptosis evidence of endometrial aging in unexplained infertility? A preliminary report. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 121(2), 195201. doi:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2005.01.012

ESHRE Task Force on Ethics and Law et al., 2012 ESHRE Task Force on Ethics and Law , Dondorp, W. , Wert, G. de , Pennings, G. , Shenfield, F. , … Diedrich, K. (2012). Oocyte cryopreservation for age-related fertility loss. Human Reproduction, 27(5), 12311237. doi:10.1093/humrep/des029

Evans and Swezy, 1932 Evans, H. M. , & Swezy, O. (1932). Ovogenesis and the normal follicular cycle in adult mammalia. California and Western Medicine, 36(1), 60.

Evron and Blumenfeld, 2013 Evron, A. , & Blumenfeld, Z. (2013). Ovarian stem cells—the pros and cons. Clinical Medicine Insights: Reproductive Health, 7, 4347. doi:10.4137/CMRH.S11086

Fabe, 1979 Fabe, M. (1979). Up against the clock: Career women speak on the choice to have children (1st ed.). New York, NY: Random House.

Faddy and Gosden, 2007 Faddy, M. , & Gosden, R. (2007). Numbers of ovarian follicles and testing germ line renewal in the postnatal ovary: Facts and fallacies. Cell Cycle, 6(15), 19511952.

Faddy and Gosden, 2009 Faddy, M. , & Gosden, R. (2009). Let's not ignore the statistics. Biology of Reproduction, 81(1), 231232. doi:10.1095/biolreprod.109.078287

Faddy et al., 1987 Faddy, M. J. , Telfer, E. , & Gosden, R. G. (1987). The kinetics of pre-antral follicle development in ovaries of CBA/Ca mice during the first 14 weeks of life. Cell Proliferation, 20(6), 551560. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2184.1987.tb01364

Faddy et al., 1992 Faddy, M. J. , Gosden, R. G. , Gougeon, A. , Richardson, S. J. , & Nelson, J. F. (1992). Accelerated disappearance of ovarian follicles in mid-life: Implications for forecasting menopause. Human Reproduction, 7(10), 13421346.

Fakih, 2015 Fakih, M. H. (2015). The AUGMENTSM treatment: Physician reported outcomes of the initial global patient experience. Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro – IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology, 3(3), 1–7. doi:10.4172/2375-4508.1000154

Fassin, 2009 Fassin, D. (2009). Les économies morales revisitées. n°6, (pp. 12371266).

Fassin, 2011 Fassin, D. (2011). A contribution to the critique of moral reason. Anthropological Theory, 11(4), 481491. doi:10.1177/1463499611429901

Fässler et al., 2019 Fässler, S., Aebi-Müller, R., Müller, F., Hertig, V., Lueger, A., Kind, C., & Balthasar, A. (2019). Social Freezing - Kinderwunsch auf Eis. Zürich: vdf Hochschulverlag an der ETH Zürich.

Fausto-Sterling, 1993 Fausto-Sterling, A. (1993). The five sexes: Why male and female are not enough. Science, 33(2), 2024.

Favret-Saada, 1977 Favret-Saada, J. (1977). Les mots, la mort, les sorts. Paris: Gallimard.

Featherstone and Hepworth, 1996 Featherstone, M. , & Hepworth, M. (1996/1991). The mask of ageing and the postmodern life course. In M. Featherstone , M. Hepworth , & B. S. Turner (Eds.), The body: Social process and cultural theory (pp. 371389). London: SAGE Publications.

Flamigni, 1993 Flamigni, C. (1993). Egg donation to women over 40 years of age. Human Reproduction, 8(9), 13431344.

Flemming, 1885 Flemming, W. (1885). Ueber die Bildung von Richtungsfiguren in den Säugethiereiern beim Untergang Graaf'scher follikel. Arch. f. Anat. u. Physiol. Anat. Abth. S. 221.

Foucault, 1976 Foucault, M. (1976). Histoire de la sexualité I: La volonté de savoir. Paris: Gallimard.

Fox and Alldred, 2016 Fox, N. J. , & Alldred, P. (2016). Sociology and the new materialism: Theory, research, action. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.

Fox Keller, 2010 Fox Keller, E. (2010). The mirage of a space between nature and nurture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Fox, 2014 Fox, M. (2014). Apple and Facebook cover egg freezing costs: Why is this a controversy? Huffington Post. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on January 16, 2016.

Franklin and Lock, 2003 Franklin, S. , & Lock, M. (Eds.). (2003). Remaking life & death: Toward an anthropology of the biosciences. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.

Franklin and MacKinnon, 2001 Franklin, S. , & MacKinnon, S. (Eds.). (2001). Relative values: Reconfiguring kinship Studies. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Franklin, 1997 Franklin, S. (1997). Embodied progress: A cultural account of assisted conception. London: Routledge.

Franklin, 1998 Franklin, S. (1998). Making miracles: Scientific progress and the facts of life. In S. Franklin & H. Ragoné (Eds.), Reproducing reproduction. Kinship, power and technological innovation (pp. 102117). Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Franklin, 2003 Franklin, S. (2003). Re-thinking nature–culture: Anthropology and the new genetics. Anthropological Theory, 3(1), 6585. doi:10.1177/1463499603003001752

Franklin, 2006 Franklin, S. (2006). The cyborg embryo. Theory, Culture & Society, 23(7–8), 167187. doi:10.1177/0263276406069230

Franklin, 2007 Franklin, S. (2007). Dolly mixtures: The remaking of genealogy. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Franklin, 2013a Franklin, S. B. (2013a). Biological relatives: IVF, stem cells, and the future of kinship. London; Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Franklin, 2013b Franklin, S. (2013b). Conception through a looking glass: The paradox of IVF. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 27(6), 747755. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2013.08.010

Friese and Clarke, 2012 Friese, C. , & Clarke, A. E. (2012). Transposing bodies of knowledge and technique: Animal models at work in reproductive sciences. Social Studies of Science, 42(1), 3152. doi:10.1177/0306312711429995

Friese et al., 2006 Friese, C. , Becker, G. , & Nachtigall, R. D. (2006). Rethinking the biological clock: Eleventh-hour moms, miracle moms and meanings of age-related infertility. Social Science & Medicine, 63(6), 15501560. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.034

Friese et al., 2008 Friese, C. , Becker, G. , & Nachtigall, R. D. (2008). Older motherhood and the changing life course in the era of assisted reproductive technologies. Journal of Aging Studies, 22(1), 6573. doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2007.05.009

Fujimura, 2006 Fujimura, J. H. (2006). Sex genes: A critical sociomaterial approach to the politics and molecular genetics of sex determination. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 32(1), 4982. doi:10.1086/505612

Gammeltoft, 2013 Gammeltoft, T. M. (2013). Potentiality and human temporality: Haunting futures in Vietnamese pregnancy care. Current Anthropology, 54(S7), S159S171. doi:10.1086/670389

Gander, 2020 Gander, K. (2020, February 19). Male fertility worsens with age just like women's, with a man's biological clock ticking faster after 50. Newsweek. Retrieved from

Gardey, 2006 Gardey, D. (2006). Les Sciences et La Construction Des Identités Sexuées. Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 3, 649673.

Gardey and Löwy, 2000 Gardey, D. , & Löwy, I. (2000). L’invention du naturel: Les sciences et la fabrication du féminin et du masculin. Paris: Archives contemporaines.

Gautier and Henry, 1958 Gautier, É. , & Henry, L. (1958). Crulai. Démographie d’une paroisse normande au XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècles. Population (French Edition), 13(2), 283286. doi:10.2307/1524822

Ge et al., 2015 Ge, Z.-J. , Schatten, H. , Zhang, C.-L. , & Sun, Q.-Y. (2015). Oocyte ageing and epigenetics. Reproduction (Cambridge, England), 149(3), R103R114. doi:10.1530/REP-14-0242

Gieryn, 1983 Gieryn, T. F. (1983). Boundary-Work and the demarcation of science from non-science: Strains and interests in professional ideologies of scientists. American Sociological Review, 48(6), 781795. doi:10.2307/2095325

Ginsburg and Rapp, 1995 Ginsburg, F. D., & Rapp, R. (Eds.). (1995). Conceiving the new world order: The global politics of reproduction. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Gleicher et al., 2011 Gleicher, N. , Weghofer, A. , & Barad, D. H. (2011). Defining ovarian reserve to better understand ovarian aging. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 9, 23. doi:10.1186/1477-7827-9-23

Goffman, 1977 Goffman, E. (1977). The arrangement between the sexes. Theory and Society, 4(3), 301331.

Goldberg, 2005 Goldberg, C. (2005). Finding could mean extended fertility: MGH team links mice blood, eggs. The Boston Globe. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 21, 2015.

Gomez and de La Rochebrochard, 2013 Gomez, V. R., & de La Rochebrochard, E. (2013). Cross-border reproductive care among French patients: Experiences in Greece, Spain and Belgium. Human Reproduction. doi: 10.1093/humrep/det326

Goold and Savulescu, 2009 Goold, I. , & Savulescu, J. (2009). In favour of freezing eggs for non-medical reasons. Bioethics, 23(1), 4758. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8519.2008.00679.x

Gosden and Johnson, 2016 Gosden, R. G. , & Johnson, M. H. (2016). Can oocyte quality be augmented? Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 32(6), 551555.

Gosden, 2004 Gosden, R. G. (2004). Germline stem cells in the postnatal ovary: Is the ovary more like a testis? Human Reproduction Update, 10(3), 193195. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmh023

Gougeon, 2005 Gougeon, A. (2005). Régénération des ovocytes: Fantasme ou réalité ? Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité, 33(10), 819823. doi:10.1016/j.gyobfe.2005.07.029

Grau, 2013 Grau, E. (2013). Congeler ses ovules, un débat en gestation. Femina, pp. 1417. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Green, 1957 Green, J. A. (1957). Some Effects of advancing age on the histology and reactivity of the mouse ovary. The Anatomical Record, 129(3), 333347. doi:10.1002/ar.1091290306

Greenfeld and Flaws, 2004 Greenfeld, C. , & Flaws, J. A. (2004). Renewed debate over postnatal oogenesis in the mammalian ovary. BioEssays, 26(8), 829832. doi:10.1002/bies.20094

Grigoriadis, 2013 Grigoriadis, V. (2013, December 30). Face it: You can't have a baby whenever you want. The Cut. Retrieved from

Grose, 2013 Grose, J. (2013). Fertility after 35: Everything you thought you knew was wrong, says new Atlantic article. Slate Magazine. Retrieved from Accessed on February 3, 2014.

Grosz, 1994 Grosz, E. (1994). Volatile bodies: Toward a corporeal feminism (pp. 250). Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Retrieved from

Gulino and Pacchiarotti, 2012 Gulino, M., & Pacchiarotti, A. (2012). Is age the limit for human-assisted reproduction techniques? “Yes”, said an Italian judge. Journal of Medical Ethics, 39(4), 250252.

Gunes et al., 2016 Gunes, S. , Hekim, G. N. T. , Arslan, M. A. , & Asci, R. (2016). Effects of aging on the male reproductive system. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 33(4), 441454.

Gura, 2012 Gura, T. (2012). Reproductive biology: Fertile mind. Nature, 491(7424), 318320. doi:10.1038/491318a

Hacking, 1999 Hacking, I. (1999). The social construction of what? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hacking, 2008 Hacking, I. (2008). Entre science et réalité: La construction sociale de quoi? Paris: La Découverte.

Haimes and Taylor, 2011 Haimes, E., & Taylor, K. (2011). Researching the relationships between tissue providers, clinicians, and stem cells scientists. Cell Stem Cell, 8, 613615.

Hamoir, 1992 Hamoir, G. (1992). The discovery of meiosis by E. Van Beneden, a breakthrough in the morphological phase of heredity. International Journal of Developmental Biology, 36, 915.

Hanna et al., 2009 Hanna, C. W. , Bretherick, K. L. , Gair, J. L. , Fluker, M. R. , Stephenson, M. D. , & Robinson, W. P. (2009). Telomere length and reproductive aging. Human Reproduction, 24(5), 12061211.

Haraway, 1988 Haraway, D. (1988). Situated knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective. Feminist Studies, 14(3), 575599. doi:10.2307/3178066

Haraway, 2003 Haraway, D. (2003). The companion species manifesto: Dogs, people, and significant otherness. Chicago, IL: Prickly Paradigm Press.

Haraway, 2008 Haraway, D. J. (2008). When species meet. Minneapolis, MA: University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved from

Harman and others, 1955 Harman, D. , & others . (1955). Aging: A theory based on free radical and radiation chemistry. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Retrieved from

Harman, 1972 Harman, D. (1972). The biologic clock: The mitochondria? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 20(4), 145147. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1972.tb00787.x

Harman, 1992 Harman, D. (1992). Free radical theory of aging. Mutation Research/DNAging, 275(3), 257266.

Harris and Robb, 2012 Harris, O. J. T. , & Robb, J. (2012). Multiple ontologies and the problem of the body in history. American Anthropologist, 114(4), 668679. doi:10.1111/j.1548-1433.2012.01513.x

Hastings, 2012 Hastings, R. (2012). Study claims “unlimited eggs” possible. The Independent. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 21, 2015.

Hastrup, 2013 Hastrup, K. (2013). Anthropology and nature. New York, NY: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780203795361

Hawes et al., 2002 Hawes, S. M. , Sapienza, C. , & Latham, K. E. (2002). Ooplasmic donation in humans the potential for epigenic modifications. Human Reproduction, 17(4), 850852. doi:10.1093/humrep/17.4.850

Heffner, 2004 Heffner, L. J. (2004). Advanced maternal age—how old is too old? The New England Journal of Medicine, 351(19), 19271929. doi:10.1056/NEJMp048087

Hein, 2016 Hein, S. F. (2016). The new materialism in qualitative inquiry: How compatible are the philosophies of Barad and Deleuze? Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies, 16(2), 132140. doi:10.1177/1532708616634732

Henare, 2006 Henare, A. (2006). Thinking through things: Theorising artefacts ethnographically. Abingdon: Routledge.

Henderson and Edwards, 1968 Henderson, S. A. , & Edwards, R. G. (1968). Chiasma frequency and maternal age in mammals. Nature, 218(5136), 2228. doi:10.1038/218022a0

Henry, 1953 Henry, L. (1953). Fondements théoriques des mesures de la fécondité naturelle. Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique/Review of the International Statistical Institute, 21(3), 135151. doi:10.2307/1401425

Henry, 1961a Henry, L. (1961a). Some data on natural fertility. Biodemography and Social Biology, 8(2), 8191. doi:10.1080/19485565.1961.9987465

Henry, 1961b Henry, L. (1961b). La fécondité naturelle. Observation—théorie—résultats. Population, 16(4), 625636. doi:10.2307/1526583

Hepworth and Featherstone, 1982 Hepworth, M. , & Featherstone, M. (1982). Surviving middle age. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Héritier, 1996 Héritier, F. (1996). Masculin-féminin: La pensée de la différence. (Odile Jacob).

Hertig, 1944 Hertig, A. T. (1944). The aging ovary—a preliminary note. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 4(12), 581582. doi:10.1210/jcem-4-12-581

Herzog, 2014 Herzog, S. (2014). Gel d’ovocytes: La maternité doit rester privée, paroles de femmes. Le Temps. Online Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Hird, 2000 Hird, M. J. (2000). Gender’s nature: Intersexuality, transsexualism and the “Sex”/‘gender’ binary. Feminist Theory, 1(3), 347364. doi:10.1177/146470010000100305

Hird, 2002 Hird, M. J. (2002). Re (pro) ducing sexual difference. Parallax, 8(4), 94107.

Hird, 2004a Hird, M. J. (2004a). New materialism, nonlinear biology, and the superabundance of diversity. In M. J. Hird (Ed.), Sex, gender, and science (pp. 5071). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1057/9780230510715_4

Hird, 2004b Hird, M. J. (2004b). Sex diversity in human animals. In M. J. Hird (Ed.), Sex, gender, and science (pp. 122142). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1057/9780230510715_7

Hird, 2004c Hird, M. J. (2004c). Chimerism, mosaicism and the cultural construction of kinship. Sexualities, 7(2), 217232. doi:10.1177/1363460704042165

Hird, 2004d Hird, M. J. (2004d). Feminist matters: New materialist considerations of sexual difference. Feminist Theory, 5(2), 223232. doi:10.1177/1464700104045411

Hobbs, 2007 Hobbs, P. (2007). Miracles of love: The use of metaphor in egg donor ads1. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(1), 2452. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9841.2007.00309.x

Horta et al., 2019 Horta, F. , Vollenhoven, B. , Healey, M. , Busija, L. , Catt, S. , & Temple-Smith, P. (2019). Male ageing is negatively associated with the chance of live birth in IVF/ICSI cycles for idiopathic infertility. Human Reproduction, 34(12), 25232532. doi:10.1093/humrep/dez223

Hoyer, 2004 Hoyer, P. B. (2004). Can the clock be turned back on ovarian aging? Science of Aging Knowledge Environment, 2004(10), pe11. doi:10.1126/sageke.2004.10.pe11

Huang et al., 1999 Huang, C.-C. , Cheng, T.-C. , Chang, H.-H. , Chang, C.-C. , Chen, C.-I. , Liu, J. , & Lee, M.-S. (1999). Birth after the injection of sperm and the cytoplasm of tripronucleate zygotes into metaphase ii oocytes in patients with repeated implantation failure after assisted fertilization procedures. Fertility and Sterility, 72(4), 702706. doi:10.1016/S0015-0282(99)00309-X

Humm and Sakkas, 2013 Humm, K. C. , & Sakkas, D. (2013). Role of increased male age in IVF and egg donation: Is sperm DNA fragmentation responsible? Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 3036. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.11.024

Hutt and Albertini, 2006 Hutt, K. J. , & Albertini, D. F. (2006). Clinical applications and limitations of current ovarian stem cell research: A review. Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction, 3(1), 6. doi:10.1186/1743-1050-3-6

Ingold and Palsson, 2013 Ingold, T. , & Palsson, G. (2013). Biosocial becomings: Integrating social and biological anthropology. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Ingoldsby and Stanton, 1988 Ingoldsby, B. B. , & Stanton, M. E. (1988). The Hutterites and fertility control. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 19(1), 137142.

Inhorn, 2013 Inhorn, M. (2013). Opinion: Women, consider freezing your eggs. CNN.Com. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 30, 2015.

Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad, IVI VALENCIA, 2017 Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad, IVI VALENCIA . (2017). Autologous mitochondrial transfer as a complementary technique to ICSI to improve oocyte and embryo quality in IVF patients. Pilot study (clinical trial registration No. NCT02586298). Retrieved from

Jacqueline, 2017 Jacqueline . (2017, October 25). Egg Quality vs. Age: What you’ve been told is wrong. Sweet Beet Acupuncture. Retrieved from

Jasanoff, 2006 Jasanoff, S. (2006). States of knowledge: The co-production of science and social order. London: Routledge.

Johnson et al., 2004 Johnson, J. , Canning, J. , Kaneko, T. , Pru, J. K. , & Tilly, J. L. (2004). Germline stem cells and follicular renewal in the postnatal mammalian ovary. Nature, 428(6979), 145150. doi:10.1038/nature02316

Johnson et al., 2005a Johnson, J. , Bagley, J. , Skaznik-Wikiel, M. , Lee, H.-J. , Adams, G. B. , Niikura, Y. , … Tilly, J. L. (2005a). Oocyte generation in adult mammalian ovaries by putative germ cells in bone marrow and peripheral blood. Cell, 122(2), 303315. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.06.031

Johnson et al., 2005b Johnson, J., Skaznik-Wikiel, M., Lee, H.-J., Niikura, Y., Tilly, J. C., & Tilly, J. L. (2005b). Setting the record straight on data supporting postnatal oogenesis in female mammals. Cell Cycle, 4(11), 14711477.

Johnson Wheeler, 2013 Johnson Wheeler, M. (2013). The atlantic's fertility story just told so many women what they want to hear. Huffington Post. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on September 22, 2015.

Kalmbach et al., 2013 Kalmbach, K. H. , Fontes Antunes, D. M. , Dracxler, R. C. , Knier, T. W. , Seth-Smith, M. L. , Wang, F. , … Keefe, D. L. (2013). Telomeres and human reproduction. Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 2329. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.11.039

Katz and Gish, 2015 Katz, S. , & Gish, J. (2015). Aging in the biosocial order: Repairing time and cosmetic rejuvenation in a medical spa clinic. The Sociological Quarterly, 56(1), 4061. doi:10.1111/tsq.12080

Katz, 2004 Katz, S. (2004). Is the functional ‘normal’? Aging, sexuality and the bio-marking of successful living. History of the Human Sciences, 17(1), 5375. doi:10.1177/0952695104043584

Katz and Marshall, 2004 Katz, S., & Marshall, B. L. (2004). Is the functional “Normal”? Aging, sexuality and the bio-marking of successful living. History of the Human Sciences, 17(1), 5375. doi:10.1177/0952695104043584

Kaufman and Morgan, 2005 Kaufman, S. R. , & Morgan, L. M. (2005). The anthropology of the beginnings and ends of life. Annual Review of Anthropology, 34(1), 317341. doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.34.081804.120452

Kaufman, 1994 Kaufman, S. R. (1994). The ageless self: Sources of meaning in late life. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Kaufman, 2013 Kaufman, S. R. (2013). Fairness and the tyranny of potential in kidney transplantation. Current Anthropology, 54(S7), S56S66.

Keefe et al., 2015 Keefe, D. , Kumar, M. , & Kalmbach, K. (2015). Oocyte competency is the key to embryo potential. Fertility and Sterility, 103(2), 317322. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.12.115

Kerr et al., 1972 Kerr, J. F. R. , Wyllie, A. H. , & Currie, A. R. (1972). Apoptosis: A basic biological phenomenon with wide-ranging implications in tissue kinetics. British Journal of Cancer, 26(4), 239257.

Kerr et al., 2006 Kerr, J. B. , Duckett, R. , Myers, M. , Britt, K. L. , Mladenovska, T. , & Findlay, J. K. (2006). Quantification of healthy follicles in the neonatal and adult mouse ovary: Evidence for maintenance of primordial follicle supply. Reproduction, 132(1), 95109. doi:10.1530/rep.1.01128

King, 1916 King, H. D. (1916). The relation of age to fertility in the rat. The Anatomical Record, 11(5), 269287. doi:10.1002/ar.1090110508

Kirkman, 2003 Kirkman, M. (2003). Egg and embryo donation and the meaning of motherhood. Women & Health, 38(2), 118. doi:10.1300/J013v38n02_01

Kirkman, 2008 Kirkman, M. (2008). Being a ‘real’ mum: Motherhood through donated eggs and embryos. Women's Studies International Forum, 31(4), 241248. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2008.05.006

Kirksey and Helmreich, 2010 Kirksey, S. E. , & Helmreich, S. (2010). The emergence of multispecies ethnography. Cultural Anthropology, 25(4), 545576. doi:10.1111/j.1548-1360.2010.01069.x

Kirkwood, 1998 Kirkwood, T. B. L. (1998). Ovarian ageing and the general biology of senescence. Maturitas, 30(2), 105111. doi:10.1016/S0378-5122(98)00065-6

Klein and Sauer, 2001 Klein, J. , & Sauer, M. V. (2001). Assessing fertility in women of advanced reproductive age. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 185(3), 758770. doi:10.1067/mob.2001.114689

Kocourková et al., 2015 Kocourková, J. , Konečná, H. , Burcin, B. , & Kučera, T. (2015). How old is too old? A contribution to the discussion on age limits for assisted reproduction technique access. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 30(5), 482492. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2015.01.017

Kohn, 2013 Kohn, E. (2013). How forests think. Berkeley, CA; London: University of California Press. Retrieved from

Konrad, 2005 Konrad, M. (2005). Nameless relations: Anonymity, Melanesia and reproductive gift exchange between British ova donors and recipients. New York, NY: Berghahn Books.

Krafft, 2014 Krafft, C. (2014). La congélation des ovocytes crée la polémique. lematin.Ch. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Krohn, 1955 Krohn, P. L. (1955). Transplantation of the ovary. In Ciba Foundation Symposium (Eds.), General aspects: Colloquia on ageing (pp. 281). London: J.&A Churchill.

Kujjo and Perez, 2012 Kujjo, L. L. , & Perez, G. I. (2012). Ceramide and mitochondrial function in aging oocytes: Joggling a new hypothesis and old players. Reproduction, 143(1), 110. doi:10.1530/REP-11-0350

Labarta et al., 2019 Labarta, E. , Santos, M. J. de los , Escribá, M. J. , Pellicer, A. , & Herraiz, S. (2019). Mitochondria as a tool for oocyte rejuvenation. Fertility and Sterility, 111(2), 219226. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.10.036

Lafontaine, 2009 Lafontaine, C. (2009). Regenerative medicine's immortal body: From the fight against ageing to the extension of longevity. Body & Society, 15(4), 5371. doi:10.1177/1357034X09347223

Landecker and Panofsky, 2013 Landecker, H. , & Panofsky, A. (2013). From social structure to gene regulation, and back: A critical introduction to environmental epigenetics for sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 39(1), 333357. doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145707

Landecker, 2001 Landecker, H. (2001). On beginning and ending with apoptosis. In S. Franklin & M. Lock (Eds.), Remaking life & death: Toward and anthropology of the biosciences (pp. 2359). Sant Fe, NM; Oxford: School of American Research Press, James Currey.

Landecker, 2007 Landecker, H. (2007). Culturing life: How cells became technologies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Larsen and Yan, 2000 Larsen, U. , & Yan, S. (2000). The age pattern of fecundability: An analysis of French Canadian and Hutterite birth histories. Biodemography and Social Biology, 47(1–2), 3450.

Latimer and Miele, 2013 Latimer, J. , & Miele, M. (2013). Naturecultures? Science, affect and the non-human. Theory, Culture & Society, 30(7–8), 531. doi:10.1177/0263276413502088

Latour and Woolgar, 1996 Latour, B., & Woolgar, S. (1996). La vie de laboratoire: la production des faits scientifiques. Paris: La Découverte/Poche.

Latour et al., 2006 Latour, B. , Woolgar, S. , & Biezunski, M. (2006). La vie de laboratoire. Paris: La Découverte.

Latour, 1987 Latour, B. (1987). Les“vues” de l’esprit. Réseaux, 5(27), 7996.

Latour, 1997 Latour, B. (1997). Nous n’avons jamais été modernes: Essai d’anthropologie symétrique. Paris: La Découverte/Poche.

Law and Lien, 2013 Law, J. , & Lien, M. E. (2013). Slippery: Field notes in empirical ontology. Social Studies of Science, 43(3), 363378. doi:10.1177/0306312712456947

Law, 2020 Law, C. (2020). Biologically infallible? Men's views on male age-related fertility decline and sperm freezing. Sociology of Health & Illness, 42(6), 14091423. doi:10.1111/1467-9566.13116

Le Bras, 1981 Le Bras, H. (1981). Histoire secrète de la fécondité. Le Débat, 8(1), 76. doi:10.3917/deba.008.0076

Le Bras, 2000 Le Bras, H . (Ed.). (2000). L’invention des populations: Biologie, idéologie et politique. Paris: O. Jacob.

Leclerc, 2001 Leclerc, A. (2001). Parole de femme. Arles: Actes Sud.

Lee et al., 1988 Lee, S. J. , Lenton, E. A. , Sexton, L. , & Cooke, I. D. (1988). The effect of age on the cyclical patterns of plasma LH, FSH, oestradiol and progesterone in women with regular menstrual cycles. Human Reproduction, 3(7), 851855.

Lee et al., 2007 Lee, H.-J. , Selesniemi, K. , Niikura, Y. , Niikura, T. , Klein, R. , Dombkowski, D. M. , & Tilly, J. L. (2007). Bone marrow transplantation generates immature oocytes and rescues long-term fertility in a preclinical mouse model of chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian failure. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 25(22), 31983204. doi:10.1200/JCO.2006.10.3028

Leridon and Slama, 2008 Leridon, H. , & Slama, R. (2008). The impact of a decline in fecundity and of pregnancy postponement on final number of children and demand for assisted reproduction technology. Human Reproduction, 23(6), 13121319. doi:10.1093/humrep/den106

Leridon, 2004 Leridon, H. (2004). Can assisted reproduction technology compensate for the natural decline in fertility with age? A model assessment. Human Reproduction, 19(7), 15481553. doi:10.1093/humrep/deh304

Leridon, 2008 Leridon, H. (2008). A new estimate of permanent sterility by age: Sterility defined as the inability to conceive. Population Studies, 62(1), 1524. doi:10.1080/00324720701804207

Lessor, 1993 Lessor, R. (1993). All in the family: Social processes in ovarian egg donation between sisters. Sociology of Health & Illness, 15(3), 393431. doi:10.1111/1467-9566.ep10490713

Lettow, 2015 Lettow, S. (2015). Population, race and gender: On the genealogy of the modern politics of reproduction. Distinktion: Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, 16(3), 267282.

Lietti, 2014 Lietti, A. (2014). Mon projet d’enfant est au congélateur. L'Hebdo. Online. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Limoni, 2012 Limoni, C. (2012). FIVNAT annual report 2011: Cycles 2010 . FIVNAT-CH and SGRM/SSMR (Eds.), Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on January 15, 2016.

Liu et al., 2007 Liu, Y. , Wu, C. , Lyu, Q. , Yang, D. , Albertini, D. F. , Keefe, D. L. , & Liu, L. (2007). Germline stem cells and neo-oogenesis in the adult human ovary. Developmental Biology, 306(1), 112120. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2007.03.006

Lock and Kaufert, 2001 Lock, M. , & Kaufert, P. (2001). Menopause, local biologies, and cultures of aging. American Journal of Human Biology: The Official Journal of the Human Biology Council, 13(4), 494504. doi:10.1002/ajhb.1081

Lock and Nguyen, 2018 Lock, M. , & Nguyen, V.-K. (2018). An anthropology of biomedicine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Lock, 1995 Lock, M. M. (1995). Encounters with aging: Mythologies of menopause in Japan and north America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Lock, 2013 Lock, M. (2013). The epigenome and nature/nurture reunification: A challenge for anthropology. Medical Anthropology, 32(4), 291308. doi:10.1080/01459740.2012.746973

Lock, 2017 Lock, M. (2017). Recovering the body. Annual Review of Anthropology, 46(1), 114. doi:10.1146/annurev-anthro-102116-041253

Lock, 2018 Lock, M. (2018). Mutable environments and permeable human bodies. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 24(3), 449474. doi:10.1111/1467-9655.12855

Lockwood, 2011 Lockwood, G. M. (2011). Social egg freezing: The prospect of reproductive ‘immortality’ or a dangerous delusion? Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 23(3), 334340. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.05.010

Löwy, 2003 Löwy, I. (2003). Intersexe et transsexualités: Les technologies de la médecine et la séparation du sexe biologique du sexe social. Cahiers du Genre, n° 34(1), 81104.

Löwy, 2006 Löwy, I. (2006). L’emprise du genre: Masculinité, féminité, inégalité. Paris: La Dispute.

Löwy, 2009 Löwy, I. (2009). L’âge limite de la maternité: Corps, biomédecine, et politique. Mouvements, 59(3), 102112.

Löwy, 2017 Löwy, I. (2017). Imperfect pregnancies: A history of birth defects and prenatal diagnosis (1 ed.). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Löwy and Rouch, 2003 Löwy, I., & Rouch, H. (2003). La Distinction Entre Sexe et Genre: Une Histoire Entre Biologie et Culture. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan.

Lutjen et al., 1984 Lutjen, P. , Trounson, A. , Leeton, J. , Findlay, J. , Wood, C. , & Renou, P. (1984). The establishment and maintenance of pregnancy using in vitro fertilization and embryo donation in a patient with primary ovarian failure. Nature, 307(5947), 174175. doi:10.1038/307174a0

Mahoney Tsigdinos, 2014 Mahoney Tsigdinos, P. (2014). The sobering facts about egg freezing that nobody's talking about. WIRED. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on December 30, 2015.

Manaï, 2008 Manaï, D. (2008). La procreation médicalement assistée en droit Suisse: Vérité sur la conception et l’identité du donneur de gamètes. In B. Feuillet-Liger (Ed.), Procréation médicalement assitée et anonymat: Panorama international (pp. 261273). Bruxelles: Emile Bruylant.

Mandl and Zuckerman, 1951 Mandl, A. M. , & Zuckerman, S. (1951). Numbers of normal and atretic oocytes in unilaterally spayed rats. Journal of Endocrinology, 7(2), 112119. doi:10.1677/joe.0.0070112

Marcus, 1995 Marcus, G. E. (1995). Ethnography in/of the world system: The emergence of multi-sited ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24(1), 95117. doi:10.1146/

Marquette, 2009 Marquette, C. (2009). Cusset, François. French Theory. Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze & Cie et les mutations de la vie intellectuelle aux États-Unis. Paris: Éditions La Découverte, 2003, 2e édition 2005. pp. 352. Revue de recherche en civilisation américaine, 1. Retrieved from

Martin et al., 2008 Martin, P. , Brown, N. , & Turner, A. (2008). Capitalizing hope: The commercial development of umbilical cord blood stem cell banking. New Genetics & Society, 27(2), 127143. doi:10.1080/14636770802077074

Martin, 1991 Martin, E. (1991). The egg and the sperm: How science has constructed a romance based on stereotypical male-female roles. Signs, 16(3), 485501.

Martin, 2001 Martin, E. (2001). The woman in the body: A cultural analysis of reproduction (Revised ed.) . Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Martin, 2010a Martin, A. (2010a). Microchimerism in the mother(land): Blurring the borders of body and nation. Body & Society, 16(3), 2350. doi:10.1177/1357034X10373404

Martin, 2010b Martin, L. J. (2010b). Anticipating infertility egg freezing, genetic preservation, and risk. Gender & Society, 24(4), 526545. doi:10.1177/0891243210377172

Mayencourt, 2012 Mayencourt, J. (2012). La Suisse sans réponse face aux grossesses tardives. 24 Heures. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on January 7, 2016.

McKinnon, 2015 McKinnon, S. (2015). Productive paradoxes of the assisted reproductive technologies in the context of the new kinship studies. Journal of Family Issues, 36(4), 461479. doi:10.1177/0192513X14563799

Mead, 1935 Mead, M. (1935). Sex and temperament in three primitive societies. New York, NY: William Morrow.

Meirow and Schenker, 1997 Meirow, D. , & Schenker, J. G. (1997). The current status of sperm donation in assisted reproduction technology: Ethical and legal considerations. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 14(3), 133138. doi:10.1007/BF02766128

Meldrum, 1993 Meldrum, D. R. (1993). Female reproductive aging—ovarian and uterine factors. Fertility and Sterility, 59(1), 15.

Meldrum, 2013 Meldrum, D. R. (2013). Aging gonads, glands, and gametes: Immutable or partially reversible changes? Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 14. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.10.044

Melhuus, 2009 Melhuus, M. (2009). L’inviolabilité de la maternité: Pourquoi le don d’ovocytes n’est-il pas autorisé en Norvège ? In E. Porqueres i Gené (Ed.), Défis contemporains de la parenté (pp. 3558). Paris: Éditions de l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales. Retrieved from

Meloni et al., 2016a Meloni, M. , Williams, S. J. , & Martin, P. A. (2016a). Biosocial matters: Rethinking sociology-biology relations in the twenty-first century. Chichester; West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell.

Meloni et al., 2016b Meloni, M. , Williams, S. , & Martin, P. (2016b). The biosocial: Sociological themes and issues. The Sociological Review Monographs, 64(1), 725. doi:10.1002/2059-7932.12010

Meloni et al., 2018 Meloni, M. , Cromby, J. , Fitzgerald, D. , & Lloyd, S. (2018). Introducing the new biosocial landscape. In M. Meloni , J. Cromby , D. Fitzgerald , & S. Lloyd (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of biology and society (pp. 122). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-52879-7_1

Meloni, 2014a Meloni, M. (2014a). How biology became social, and what it means for social theory. The Sociological Review, 62(3), 593614. doi:10.1111/1467-954X.12151

Meloni, 2014b Meloni, M. (2014b). Biology without biologism: Social theory in a postgenomic age. Sociology, 48(4), 731746. doi:10.1177/0038038513501944

Meloni, 2016 Meloni, M. (2016). From boundary-work to boundary object: How biology left and Re-entered the social sciences. The Sociological Review, 64(1), 6178. doi:10.1111/2059-7932.12013

Menken et al., 1986 Menken, J. , Trussell, J. , & Larsen, U. (1986). Age and infertility. Science, 233(4771), 13891394. doi:10.1126/science.3755843

Menken, 1985 Menken, J. (1985). Age and fertility: How late can you wait? Demography, 22(4), 469483. doi:10.2307/2061583

Mertes and Pennings, 2011 Mertes, H. , & Pennings, G. (2011). Social egg freezing: For better, not for worse. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 23(7), 824829. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2011.09.010

Miao et al., 2009 Miao, Y.-L. , Kikuchi, K. , Sun, Q.-Y. , & Schatten, H. (2009). Oocyte aging: Cellular and molecular changes, developmental potential and reversal possibility. Human Reproduction Update, 15(5), 573585. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmp014

Mitzkat et al., 2010 Mitzkat, A. , Haimes, E. , & Rehmann-Sutter, C. (2010). How reproductive and regenerative medicine meet in a Chinese fertility clinic. Interviews with women about the donation of embryos to stem cell research. Journal of Medical Ethics, 36(12), 754757. doi:10.1136/jme.2010.036764

Moguérou et al., 2011 Moguérou, L. , Bajos, N. , Ferrand, M. , & Leridon, H. (2011). Les maternités dites tardives en France: Enjeu de santé publique ou dissidence sociale ? Nouvelles Questions Feministes, 30(1), 1227.

Mol, 1999 Mol, A. (1999). Ontological politics. A word and some questions. The Sociological Review, 47(S1), 7489. doi:10.1111/j.1467-954X.1999.tb03483.x

Mol, 2002 Mol, A. (2002). The body multiple: Ontology in medical practice. Durham, NC; London: Duke University Press.

Moreira, 2015 Moreira, T. (2015). Unsettling standards: The biological age controversy. The Sociological Quarterly, 56(1), 1839. doi:10.1111/tsq.12079

Morita and Tilly, 1999 Morita, Y. , & Tilly, J. L. (1999). Oocyte apoptosis: Like sand through an hourglass. Developmental Biology, 213(1), 117. doi:10.1006/dbio.1999.9344

Moskovtsev et al., 2006 Moskovtsev, S. I. , Willis, J. , & Mullen, J. B. M. (2006). Age-related decline in sperm deoxyribonucleic acid integrity in patients evaluated for male infertility. Fertility and Sterility, 85(2), 496499. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.05.075

Müller et al., 2017 Müller, R. , Hanson, C. , Hanson, M. , Penkler, M. , Samaras, G. , Chiapperino, L. , … Villa, P.-I. (2017). The biosocial genome?: Interdisciplinary perspectives on environmental epigenetics, health and society. EMBO Reports, 18(10), 16771682. doi:10.15252/embr.201744953

Musumeci, 2014 Musumeci, G. (2014). Past, present and future: Overview on histology and histopathology. Journal of Histology & Histopathology, 1(1), 5. Online. Accessed on January 15, 2016. doi:10.7243/2055-091X-1-5

Mykytyn, 2006a Mykytyn, C. E. (2006a). Anti-aging medicine: Predictions, moral obligations, and biomedical intervention. Anthropological Quarterly, 79(1), 531. doi:10.1353/anq.2006.0010

Mykytyn, 2006b Mykytyn, C. E. (2006b). Anti-aging medicine: A patient/practitioner movement to redefine aging. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 62(3), 643653. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.06.021

Mykytyn, 2008 Mykytyn, C. E. (2008). Medicalizing the optimal: Anti-aging medicine and the quandary of intervention. Journal of Aging Studies, 22(4), 313321. doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2008.05.004

Mykytyn, 2010 Mykytyn, C. E. (2010). A history of the future: The emergence of contemporary anti-ageing medicine. Sociology of Health & Illness, 32(2), 181196. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9566.2009.01217.x

Narayan, 1998 Narayan, U. (1998). Essence of culture and a sense of history: A feminist critique of cultural essentialism. Hypatia, 13(2), 86106. doi:10.1111/j.1527-2001.1998.tb01227.x

Navot et al., 1991a Navot, D. , Bergh, R. A. , Williams, M. A. , Garrisi, G. J. , Guzman, I. , Sandler, B. , & Grunfeld, L. (1991a). Poor oocyte quality rather than implantation failure as a cause of age-related decline in female fertility. The Lancet, 337(8754), 13751377. doi:10.1016/0140-6736(91)93060-M

Navot et al., 1991b Navot, D. , Bergh, P. A. , Williams, M. , Garrlsi, G. J. , Guzman, I. , Sandler, B. , … Grunfeld, L. (1991b). An insight into early reproductive processes through the in Vivo model of ovum donation. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 72(2), 408414. doi:10.1210/jcem-72-2-408

Neyrinck, 2012 Neyrinck, J. (2012). 12-487 initiative parlemenataire: Autoriser le don d'ovules, L'assemblée fédérale – Le Parlement suisse (Ed.), Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Noord-Zaadstra et al., 1991 Noord-Zaadstra, B. M. V. , Looman, C. W. N. , Alsbach, H. , Habbema, J. D. F. , Velde, E. R. te , & Karbaat, J. (1991). Delaying childbearing: Effect of age on fecundity and outcome of pregnancy. British Medical Journal, 302(6789), 13611365.

Noyes and Dickmann, 1960 Noyes, R. W. , & Dickmann, Z. (1960). Relationship of ovular age to endometrial development. Reproduction, 1(2), 186196. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0010186

Noyes, 1970 Noyes, R. W. (1970). Physiology of ovarian aging. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 171(2), 517525. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1970.tb39361.x

Nugent and Meirow, 1997 Nugent, D., & Meirow, D. (1997). Transplantation in reproductive medicine: previous experience, present knowledge and future prospects. Human Reproduction Update, 3(3), 267280.

Oakley, 1972 Oakley, A. (1972). Sex, gender and society. London: Maurice Temple Smith Ltd.

Oktay et al., 2015 Oktay, K. , Baltaci, V. , Sonmezer, M. , Turan, V. , Unsal, E. , Baltaci, A. , … Moy, F. (2015). Oogonial precursor cell-derived autologous mitochondria injection to improve outcomes in women with multiple IVF failures due to low oocyte quality: A clinical translation. Reproductive Sciences, 22(12), 16121617. doi:10.1177/1933719115612137

Orobitg and Salazar, 2005 Orobitg, G. , & Salazar, C. (2005). The gift of motherhood: Egg donation in a Barcelona infertility clinic. Ethnos, 70, 3152. doi:10.1080/00141840500048532

Pacella-Ince et al., 2014 Pacella-Ince, L. , Zander-Fox, D. L. , & Lan, M. (2014). Mitochondrial SIRT3 and its target glutamate dehydrogenase are altered in follicular cells of women with reduced ovarian reserve or advanced maternal age. Human Reproduction, 29(7), 14901499. doi:10.1093/humrep/deu071

Park, 2012 Park, A. (2012). Ovary stem cells can produce new human eggs, scientists say. Time. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 21, 2015.

Paulson et al., 2001 Paulson, R. J. , Milligan, R. C. , & Sokol, R. Z. (2001). The lack of influence of age on male fertility. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 184(5), 818824. doi:10.1067/mob.2001.113852

Pellicer et al., 1995 Pellicer, A. , Simón, C. , & Remohí, J. (1995). Effects of aging on the female reproductive system. Human Reproduction, 10(2), 7783. doi:10.1093/humrep/10.suppl_2.77

Penrose, 1933 Penrose, L. S. (1933). The relative effects of paternal and maternal age in mongolism. Journal of Genetics, 27(2), 219223.

Perez et al., 1999 Perez, G. I. , Robles, R. , Knudson, C. M. , Flaws, J. A. , Korsmeyer, S. J. , & Tilly, J. L. (1999). Prolongation of ovarian lifespan into advanced chronological age by Bax-deficiency. Nature Genetics, 21(2), 200203. doi:10.1038/5985

Petit-Pierre, 2012 Petit-Pierre, M.-C. (2012). Peut-on suspendre le temps en congelant ses ovocytes? Le Temps. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Phillips, 2010 Phillips, A. (2010). What's wrong with Essentialism? Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, 11(1), 4760. doi:10.1080/1600910X.2010.9672755

Picton et al., 1998 Picton, H. , Briggs, D. , & Gosden, R. (1998). The molecular basis of oocyte growth and development. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 145(1–2), 2737. doi:10.1016/S0303-7207(98)00166-X

Piette et al., 1990 Piette, C. , Mouzon, J. de , Bachelot, A. , & Spira, A. (1990). In-vitro fertilization: Influence of women's age on pregnancy rates. Human Reproduction, 5(1), 5659.

Polla, 2000 Polla, B. (2000). 00-455 – initiative parlementaire: Autorisation du diagnistic préimplantatoire lors de risque grave. L'Assemblée fédérale – Le Parlement suisse (Ed.), Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Pollock, 2003 Pollock, A. (2003). Complicating power in high-tech reproduction: Narratives of anonymous paid egg donors. Journal of Medical Humanities, 24(3–4), 241263. doi:10.1023/A:1026010504214

Pomper, 2011 Pomper, D. . (2011). Neue «Eizellen-Bank» stösst auf Kritik – News. 20 Minuten. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Powell, 2004 Powell, K. (2004). Age is no barrier. Nature, 432(7013), 4042. doi:10.1038/432040a

Powell, 2005 Powell, K. (2005). Skeptics demand duplication of controversial fertility claim. Nature Medicine, 11(9), 911. doi:10.1038/nm0905-911a

Powell, 2006 Powell, K. (2006). Born or made? Debate on mouse eggs reignites. Nature, 441(7095). 795–795 doi:10.1038/441795a

Powell, 2007a Powell, K. (2007a). Bone marrow transplant paper revives contentious debate on fertility. Nature Medicine, 13(9), 1003. doi:10.1038/nm0907-1003

Powell, 2007b Powell, K. (2007b). Going against the grain. PLoS Biology, 5(12), e338. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050338

Powell, 2012 Powell, K. (2012). Egg-making stem cells found in adult ovaries. Nature, 483(7387), 16. doi:10.1038/483016a

Price, 1999 Price, F. (1999). Beyond expectation: Clinical practices and clinical concerns. In J. Edwards , S. Franklin , E. Hirsch , F. Price , & M. Strathern (Eds.), Technologies of procreation: Kinship in the age of assisted conception (pp. 2952). New York, NY: Routledge.

Pridmore-Brown, 2009 Pridmore-Brown, M. (2009). Annie Leibovitz's queer consumption of motherhood. WSQ: Women's Studies Quarterly, 37(2), 8195. doi:10.1353/wsq.0.0190

Prioux, 2005 Prioux, F. (2005). Late fertility in Europe: Some comparative and historical data. Revue d’Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique, 53, 2S32s11.

Pru and Tilly, 2001 Pru, J. K. , & Tilly, J. L. (2001). Programmed cell death in the ovary: Insights and future prospects using genetic technologies. Molecular Endocrinology, 15(6), 845853. doi:10.1210/mend.15.6.0646

Rabinow, 2008 Rabinow, P. (2008). Artificiality and enlightenment: From sociobiology to biosociality. In Anthropologies of modernity (pp. 179193). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Rabinow and Rose, 2006 Rabinow, P. , & Rose, N. (2006). Biopower today. BioSocieties, 1(2), 195217. doi:10.1017/S1745855206040014

Radin, 2013 Radin, J. (2013). Latent life: Concepts and practices of human tissue preservation in the International Biological Program. Social Studies of Science, 43(4), 484508. doi:10.1177/0306312713476131

Rahman and Witz, 2003 Rahman, M. , & Witz, A. (2003). What really matters? The elusive quality of the material in feminist thought. Feminist Theory, 4(3), 243261. doi:10.1177/14647001030043001

Reuss et al., 1996 Reuss, M. L. , Kline, J. , Santos, R. , Levin, B. , & Timor-Tritsch, I. (1996). Age and the ovarian follicle pool assessed with transvaginal ultrasonography. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 174(2), 624627. doi:10.1016/S0002-9378(96)70439-8

Richards, 2014 Richards, A. (2014, February 4). CGS: Review: The big lie: Motherhood, feminism, and the reality of the biological clock. Biopolitical Times. Retrieved from

Richards, 2013 Richards, S. E. (2013). Motherhood, rescheduled: The new frontier of egg freezing and the women who tried it. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Richardson and Stevens, 2015 Richardson, S. S. , & Stevens, H. (2015). Postgenomics: Perspectives on biology after the genome. Durham, NC; London: Duke University Press.

Roberts, 2019 Roberts, E. (2019, November 19). Bioethnography and the birth cohort: A method for making new kinds of anthropological knowledge about transmission (which is what anthropology has been about all along). Somatosphere. Retrieved from

Rochebrochard and Rozé e, 2010 Rochebrochard, É. de L. , & Rozée, V. (2010). L’accès à l’assistance médicale à la procréation en France: Reflet de la norme sociale procréative ? Santé, Société et Solidarité, 9(2), 109114. doi:10.3406/oss.2010.1420

Rolle and Charipper, 1949 Rolle, G. K. , & Charipper, H. A. (1949). The effects of advancing age upon the histology of the ovary, uterus and vagina of the female golden hamster (Cricetus auratus). The Anatomical Record, 105(2), 281297. doi:10.1002/ar.1091050206

Rooij et al., 2002 Rooij, I. A. J. van , Broekmans, F. J. M. , Velde, E. R. te , Fauser, B. C. J. M. , Bancsi, L. F. J. M. M. , Jong, F. H. de , & Themmen, A. P. N. (2002). Serum anti-Müllerian hormone levels: A novel measure of ovarian reserve. Human Reproduction, 17(12), 30653071. doi:10.1093/humrep/17.12.3065

Rosario, 2009 Rosario, V. A. (2009). Quantum sex: Intersex and the molecular deconstruction of sex. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 15(2), 267284. doi:10.1215/10642684-2008-138

Rose, 2001 Rose, N. (2001). The politics of life itself. Theory, Culture & Society, 18(6), 130. doi:10.1177/02632760122052020

Rose, 2007 Rose, N. (2007). The politics of life itself: Biomedicine, power, and subjectivity in the twenty-first century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University press.

Rose, 2013 Rose, N. (2013). The human sciences in a biological age. Theory, Culture & Society, 30(1), 334. doi:10.1177/0263276412456569

Rosenblum, 2014 Rosenblum, E. (2014). Later, baby: Will freezing your eggs free your career? Bloomberg Business Week. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 31, 2015.

Rosenthal, 2003a Rosenthal, P.-A. (2003a). L’Intelligence démographique : Sciences et politiques des populations en France. Paris: Odile Jacob.

Rosental, 2003b Rosental, P.-A. (2003b). La nouveauté d’un genre ancien: Louis Henry et la fondation de la démographie historique. Population, 58(1), 103136. doi:10.3917/popu.301.0103

Rosental, 2006 Rosental, P.-A. (2006). Pour une histoire politique des populations. Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales 61e année(1), 729.

Rothman et al., 2013 Rothman, K. J. , Wise, L. A. , Sørensen, H. T. , Riis, A. H. , Mikkelsen, E. M. , & Hatch, E. E. (2013). Volitional determinants and age-related decline in fecundability: A general population prospective cohort study in Denmark. Fertility and Sterility, 99(7), 19581964. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.02.040

Russo, 1999 Russo, M. (1999). Aging and the scandal of anachronism. In K. Woodward (Ed.), Figuring age: Women, bodies, generations (pp. 2033). Bloomington; Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press.

Ryan et al., 2018 Ryan, C. P., Geoffrey Hayes, M., Lee, N. R., McDade, T. W., Jones, M. J., Kobor, M. S., … Eisenberg, D. T. A. (2018). Reproduction predicts shorter telomeres and epigenetic age acceleration among young adult women. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 11100. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29486-4

Rybak and Lieman, 2009 Rybak, E. A. , & Lieman, H. J. (2009). Egg freezing, procreative liberty, and ICSI: The double standards confronting elective self-donation of oocytes. Fertility and Sterility, 92(5), 15091512. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2009.09.008

Sachs, 2014 Sachs, W. (2014). The 'Big Lie' in putting off pregnancy. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 13, 2015.

Salisbury and Hart, 1970 Salisbury, G. , & Hart, R. (1970). Gamete aging and its consequences. Biology of Reproduction, 2, 113.

Sasaki et al., 2019 Sasaki, H. , Hamatani, T. , Kamijo, S. , Iwai, M. , Kobanawa, M. , Ogawa, S. , … Tanaka, M. (2019). Impact of oxidative stress on age-associated decline in oocyte developmental competence. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 10. doi:10.3389/fendo.2019.00811

Sauer and Kavic, 2006 Sauer, M. V. , & Kavic, S. M. (2006). Oocyte and embryo donation 2006: Reviewing two decades of innovation and controversy. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 12(2), 153162. doi:10.1016/S1472-6483(10)60855-3

Sauer et al., 1990 Sauer, M. V. , Paulson, R. J. , & Lobo, R. A. (1990). A preliminary report on oocyte donation extending reproductive potential to women over 40. New England Journal of Medicine, 323(17), 11571160.

Sauer et al., 1992 Sauer, M. V. , Paulson, R. J. , & Lobo, R. A. (1992). Reversing the natural decline in human fertility. An extended clinical trial of oocyte donation to women of advanced reproductive age. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 268(10), 12751279.

Sauer et al., 1993 Sauer, M. V. , Paulson, R. J. , & Lobo, R. A. (1993). Pregnancy after age 50: Application of oocyte donation to women after natural menopause. The Lancet, 341(8841), 321323. doi:10.1016/0140-6736(93)90132-Z

Sauer, 1997 Sauer, M. V. (1997). Infertility and early pregnancy loss is largely due to oocyte aging, not uterine senescence, as demonstrated by oocyte donation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 828(1), 166174. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1997.tb48536.x

Sauvain-Dugerdil et al., 2006 Sauvain-Dugerdil, C. , Léridon, H. , & Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. (2006). Human clocks: The bio-cultural meanings of age. Bern: Peter Lang.

Schäfer, 2010 Schäfer, S. (2010). Familienplanung: Mehrheit der Frauen möchte ihre Eizellen einfrieren. Spiegel Online. Online. Retrieved from – Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Schmid, 2009 Schmid, S. (2009). Assisted reproduction in Switzerland and Germany: Regulative and social contexts. In W. de Jong & O. Tkach (Eds.), Making bodies, Persons and families: Normalising reproductive Technologies in Russia, Switzerland and Germany (pp. 5771). Zürich; Berlin: LIT Verlag.

Schneider, 1980 Schneider, D. M. (1980). American kinship: A cultural account. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press. Retrieved from

Schultz, 2015 Schultz, S. (2015). Reproducing the nation: The new German population policy and the concept of demographization. Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, 16(3), 337361. doi:10.1080/1600910X.2015.1080744

Schwartz and Mayaux, 1982 Schwartz, D. , & Mayaux, M. J. (1982). Female fecundity as a function of age. New England Journal of Medicine, 306(7), 404406. doi:10.1056/NEJM198202183060706

Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Reproduktionsmedizin, 2018 Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Reproduktionsmedizin . (2018). Statistics reports FIVNAT 2016 . Retrieved from

Sellers, 1991 Sellers, S. (1991). Language and sexual difference: Feminist writing in France. Basingstoke: Macmillan International Higher Education.

Selvaratnam, 2014a Selvaratnam, T. (2014a, January 7). Postponing motherhood: When does it actually become too late? Vogue. Retrieved from

Selvaratnam, 2014b Selvaratnam, T. (2014b). The big lie: Motherhood, feminism, and the reality of the biological clock. New York, NY: Prometheus Books.

Selvaratnam, 2014c Selvaratnam, T. (2014c, February 8). Opinion: Women don't need any more big lies— CNN. Retrieved from

Selvaratnam, 2014d Selvaratnam, T. (2014d). CGS : Opinion: Women don't need any more big lies. Center for Genetics and Society. Retrieved from Accessed on February 13, 2014.

Serhal and Craft, 1989 Serhal, P. , & Craft, I. (1989). Oocyte donation in 61 patients. The Lancet, 333(8648), 11851187. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(89)92762-1

Shelton and Johnson, 2006 Shelton, N. , & Johnson, S. (2006). ‘I think motherhood for me was a bit like a double-edged sword’: The narratives of older mothers. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 16(4), 316330. doi:10.1002/casp.867

Shkedi-Rafid and Hashiloni-Dolev, 2011 Shkedi-Rafid, S. , & Hashiloni-Dolev, Y. (2011). Egg freezing for age-related fertility decline: Preventive medicine or a further medicalization of reproduction? Analyzing the new Israeli policy. Fertility and Sterility, 96(2), 291294. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2011.06.024

Simkins, 1932 Simkins, C. S. (1932). Development of the human ovary from birth to sexual maturity. American Journal of Anatomy, 51(2), 465505. doi:10.1002/aja.1000510208

Simoni, 2012 Simoni, H. (Marie Meierhofer Institut für das Kind ). (2012). Sozialwissenschaftliche Grundlagen zu den Konzepten „Kindeswohl, Familie und Elternschaft” im Fortpflanzungsmedizingesetz. Bern: BAG/OFSP. Retrieved from Accessed on August 29, 2015.

Skaznik-Wikiel et al., 2007 Skaznik-Wikiel, M. , Tilly, J. C. , Lee, H.-J. , Niikura, Y. , Kaneko-Tarui, T. , Johnson, J. , & Tilly, J. L. (2007). Serious doubts over “Eggs forever? Differentiation, 75(2), 9399. doi:10.1111/j.1432-0436.2006.00117.x

Slater, 2018 Slater, A. (2018). Time waits for no man: The impact of age on male fertility - BioNews. BioNews. Retrieved from Accessed on March 31, 2021.

Sloter et al., 2004 Sloter, E. , Nath, J. , Eskenazi, B. , & Wyrobek, A. J. (2004). Effects of male age on the frequencies of germinal and heritable chromosomal abnormalities in humans and rodents. Fertility and Sterility, 81(4), 925943. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.07.043

Sobotka, 2013 Sobotka, T. (2013). Oocyte cryopreservation as an insurance strategy: A socio-demographic viewpoint. In 1st International Symposium on Social Egg Freezing (pp. 528). Barcelona: Clinica Eugin.

Spar, 2007 Spar, D. (2007). The egg trade—making sense of the market for human oocytes. New England Journal of Medicine, 356(13), 12891291. doi:10.1056/NEJMp078012

Spilker and Lie, 2007 Spilker, K. , & Lie, M. (2007). Gender and bioethics intertwined. European Journal of Women's Studies, 14(4), 327340. doi:10.1177/1350506807081879

Squier, 2004 Squier, S. M. (2004). Liminal lives: Imagining the human at the frontiers of biomedicine. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Stein, 1985 Stein, Z. A. (1985). A woman's age: Childbearing and child rearing. American Journal of Epidemiology, 121(3), 327342.

Stoop et al., 2015 Stoop, D. , Maes, E. , Polyzos, N. P. , Verheyen, G. , Tournaye, H. , & Nekkebroeck, J. (2015). Does oocyte banking for anticipated gamete exhaustion influence future relational and reproductive choices? A follow-up of bankers and non-bankers. Human Reproduction, 30(2), 338344. doi:10.1093/humrep/deu317

Strathern, 1992a Strathern, M. (1992a). After nature: English kinship in the late twentieth century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Strathern, 1992b Strathern, M. (1992b). Reproducing the future: Essays on anthropology, kinship and the new reproductive technologies. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Swezy and Evans, 1930 Swezy, O. , & Evans, H. M. (1930). The human ovarian germ cells. Journal of Morphology, 49(2), 543577. doi:10.1002/jmor.1050490209

Swezy, 1933 Swezy, O. (1933). The changing concept of ovarian rhythms. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 8(4), 423433.

Szewczuk, 2012 Szewczuk, E. (2012). Age-related infertility: A tale of two technologies. Sociology of Health & Illness, 34(3), 429443. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9566.2011.01382.x

Talbert and Krohn, 1966 Talbert, G. B. , & Krohn, P. L. (1966). Effect of maternal age on viability of ova and uterine support of pregnancy in mice. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 11(3), 399406. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0110399

Tatone and Amicarelli, 2013 Tatone, C. , & Amicarelli, F. (2013). The aging ovary—the poor granulosa cells. Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 1217. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.11.029

Taussig et al., 2013 Taussig, K.-S. , Hoeyer, K. , & Helmreich, S. (2013). The anthropology of potentiality in biomedicine: An introduction to supplement 7. Current Anthropology, 54(S7), S3S14. doi:10.1086/671401

Telfer and Albertini, 2012 Telfer, E. E. , & Albertini, D. F. (2012). The quest for human ovarian stem cells. Nature Medicine, 18(3), 353354. doi:10.1038/nm.2699

Telfer et al., 2005 Telfer, E. E. , Gosden, R. G. , Byskov, A. G. , Spears, N. , Albertini, D. , Andersen, C. Y. , … Tsafriri, A. (2005). On regenerating the ovary and generating controversy. Cell, 122(6), 821822. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.09.004

Telfer, 2004 Telfer, E. E. (2004). Germline stem cells in the postnatal mammalian ovary: A phenomenon of prosimian primates and mice. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 2(24).

Thompson, 2005 Thompson, C. (2005). Making parents. The ontological choreography of reproductive technologies. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Thompson, 2013 Thompson, C. (2013). Good science: The ethical choreography of stem cell research. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Retrieved from

Tietze, 1957 Tietze, C. (1957). Reproductive span and rate of reproduction among Hutterite women. Fertility and Sterility, 8(1), 8997.

Tilly and Johnson, 2007 Tilly, J. L. , & Johnson, J. (2007). Recent arguments against germ cell renewal in the adult human ovary: Is an absence of marker gene expression really acceptable evidence of an absence of oogenesis? Cell Cycle, 6(8), 879883. doi:10.4161/cc.6.8.4185

Tilly and Telfer, 2009 Tilly, J. L. , & Telfer, E. E. (2009). Purification of germline stem cells from adult mammalian ovaries: A step closer towards control of the female biological clock? Molecular Human Reproduction, 15(7), 393398. doi:10.1093/molehr/gap036

Tilly et al., 2009 Tilly, J. L. , Niikura, Y. , & Rueda, B. R. (2009). The current status of evidence for and against postnatal oogenesis in mammals: A case of ovarian optimism versus pessimism? Biology of Reproduction, 80(1), 212. doi:10.1095/biolreprod.108.069088

Tilly, 1996 Tilly, J. (1996). Apoptosis and ovarian function. Reviews of Reproduction, 1(3), 162172. doi:10.1530/ror.0.0010162

Tilly, 2001 Tilly, J. L. (2001). Commuting the death sentence: How oocytes strive to survive. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 2(11), 838848. doi:10.1038/35099086

Tilly, 2003 Tilly, J. L. (2003a). Oocyte apoptosis: Prevention strategies, and implications for female aging and the menopause. Annales D’endocrinologie, 64(2), 8284.

Tilly, 2003 Tilly, J. L. (2003b). Ovarian follicle counts – not as simple as 1, 2, 3. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 1(1), 11. doi:10.1186/1477-7827-1-11

Time waits for no man, n.d. Time waits for no man: The impact of age on male fertility. (n.d.). BioNews. Retrieved from Accessed on July, 21 2020.

Toner et al., 1991 Toner, J. P. , Philput, C. , Jones, G. , & Muasher, S. (1991). Basal follicle-stimulating hormone level is a better predictor of in vitro fertilization…. Abstract—Europe PubMed Central. Fertility and Sterility, 55(4), 784791.

Trounson et al., 1983 Trounson, A. , Leeton, J. , Besanko, M. , Wood, C. , & Conti, A. (1983). Pregnancy established in an infertile patient after transfer of a donated embryo fertilised in vitro. British Medical Journal, 286(6368), 835838.

Tsing, 2015 Tsing, A. L. (2015). The mushroom at the end of the world – on the possibility of life in capitalist ruins. Princeton, NJ; Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Tuin and Dolphijn, 2010 Tuin, I. van der , & Dolphijn, R. (2010). The transversality of new materialism. Women: A Cultural Review, 21(2), 153171. doi:10.1080/09574042.2010.488377

Tuin, 2008 Tuin, I. van der (2008). Deflationary logic response to Sara Ahmed's ‘Imaginary prohibitions: Some preliminary remarks on the founding gestures of the “new materialism” ’. European Journal of Women's Studies, 15(4), 411416. doi:10.1177/1350506808095297

Twenge, 2012 Twenge, J. M. (2012). The impatient woman's guide to getting pregnant. New York, NY: Free Press.

Twenge, 2013 Twenge, J. (2013, August). How long can you wait to have a baby? The Atlantic. Retrieved from

Urist, 2013 Urist, J. (2013). There's more to life than freezing your eggs. The Atlantic. Retrieved from Accessed on August 30, 2015.

Vallade, 2013 Vallade, J. (2013). The slow emergence of the meiosis concept from 1882 to 1909. Acta Botanica Gallica, 160(1), 310. doi:10.1080/12538078.2012.758498

Van Beneden, 1874 Van Beneden, É. (1874). De la distinction originelle du testicule et de l’ovaire ; caractère sexuel des deux feuillets primordiaux de l’embryon ; hermaphrodisme morphologique de toute individualité animale ; essai d’une théorie de la fécondation. Bulletins de l’Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 37(1), 1–65. Retrieved from

Vaskivuo and Tapanainen, 2003 Vaskivuo, T. E. , & Tapanainen, J. S. (2003). Apoptosis in the human ovary. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 6(1), 2435. doi:10.1016/S1472-6483(10)62052-4

Veitia et al., 2007 Veitia, R. A. , Gluckman, E. , Fellous, M. , & Soulier, J. (2007). Recovery of female fertility after chemotherapy, irradiation, and bone marrow allograft: Further evidence against massive oocyte regeneration by bone marrow-derived germline stem cells. Stem Cells, 25(5), 13341335. doi:10.1634/stemcells.2006-0770

Velde and Pearson, 2002 Velde, E. R. te , & Pearson, P. L. (2002). The variability of female reproductive ageing. Human Reproduction Update, 8(2), 141154. doi:10.1093/humupd/8.2.141

Vermande-Van Eck, 1956 Vermande-Van Eck, G. J. (1956). Neo-ovogenesis in the adult monkey. Consequences of atresia of ovocytes. The Anatomical Record, 125(2), 207224. doi:10.1002/ar.1091250205

Vermeulen et al., 2016 Vermeulen, N. , Tamminen, S. , & Webster, A. (2016). Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st century. London; New York, NY: Routledge.

Vincent, 2006 Vincent, J. A. (2006). Ageing contested: Anti-ageing science and the cultural construction of old age. Sociology, 40(4), 681698. doi:10.1177/0038038506065154

Vincent, 2008 Vincent, J. A. (2008). The cultural construction old age as a biological phenomenon: Science and anti-ageing technologies. Journal of Aging Studies, 22(4), 331339. doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2008.05.006

Virant-Klun et al., 2008 Virant-Klun, I. , Zech, N. , Rožman, P. , Vogler, A. , Cvjetičanin, B. , Klemenc, P. , … Meden-Vrtovec, H. (2008). Putative stem cells with an embryonic character isolated from the ovarian surface epithelium of women with no naturally present follicles and oocytes. Differentiation, 76(8), 843856. doi:10.1111/j.1432-0436.2008.00268.x

Visser et al., 2006 Visser, J. A. , Jong, F. H. de , Laven, J. S. E. , & Themmen, A. P. N. (2006). Anti-Müllerian hormone: A new marker for ovarian function. Reproduction, 131(1), 19. doi:10.1530/rep.1.00529

Vollenhoven and Horta, 2020 Vollenhoven, B., & Horta, F. (2020). The surprising factor that plays a role in IVF success. Monash Lens. Retrieved from Accessed on July 21, 2020.

Vulliemoz et al., 2006 Vulliemoz, N. , Ura, R. , Bellavia, M. , Ventura, P. , & De Ziegler, D. (2006). Quand traiter l’infertilité et comment déterminer le degré d’urgence ? Revue Médicale Suisse, 2(53), 443448.

Wahlberg, 2008 Wahlberg, A. (2008). Reproductive medicine and the concept of ‘quality’. Clinical Ethics, 3(4), 189193. doi:10.1258/ce.2008.008033

Waldby, 2002 Waldby, C. (2002). Stem cells, tissue cultures and the production of biovalue. Health, 6(3), 305323. doi:10.1177/136345930200600304

Waldby, 2008 Waldby, C. (2008). Oocyte markets: Women's reproductive work in embryonic stem cell research. New Genetics & Society, 27(1), 1931. doi:10.1080/14636770701843576

Waldby, 2014 Waldby, C. (2014). ‘Banking time’: Egg freezing and the negotiation of future fertility. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 113. doi:10.1080/13691058.2014.951881

Waltham, 2016 Waltham, M. (2016). OvaScience’s AUGMENT treatment commercially available in Japan through partnership with IVF JAPAN GROUP. News Release. Retrieved from

Waltham and Ann Harbor, 2018 Waltham, M., & Ann Harbor, M. (2018). OvaScience and Millendo therapeutics provide update on merger agreement and financing. Press Release, 3.

Warin and Hammarströ m, 2018 Warin, M. , & Hammarström, A. (2018). Material feminism and epigenetics: A ‘critical window’ for engagement? Australian Feminist Studies, 33(97), 299315. doi:10.1080/08164649.2018.1538695

Warin and Martin, 2018 Warin, M. , & Martin, A. (2018). Emergent postgenomic bodies and their (Non)Scalable environments. In M. Meloni , J. Cromby , D. Fitzgerald , & S. Lloyd (Eds.), The palgrave handbook of biology and society (pp. 703725). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-52879-7_30

Warin et al., 2011 Warin, M. , Moore, V. , Zivkovic, T. , & Davies, M. (2011). Telescoping the origins of obesity to women's bodies: How gender inequalities are being squeezed out of Barker's hypothesis. Annals of Human Biology, 38(4), 453460. doi:10.3109/03014460.2011.591829

Warin et al., 2016 Warin, M. , Moore, V. , Davies, M. , & Ulijaszek, S. (2016). Epigenetics and obesity: The reproduction of habitus through intracellular and social environments. Body & Society, 22(4), 5378. doi:10.1177/1357034X15590485

Warin et al., 2019 Warin, M. , Kowal, E. , & Meloni, M. (2019). Indigenous knowledge in a postgenomic landscape: The politics of epigenetic hope and reparation in Australia. Science, Technology & Human Values, 45(1), 87111. doi:10.1177/0162243919831077

Warin, 2015 Warin, M. (2015). Material feminism, obesity science and the limits of discursive critique. Body & Society, 21(4), 4876. doi:10.1177/1357034X14537320

Wascowiski, 2012 Wascowiski, M. (2012). Grossesse tardive: y a-t-il un âge limite ? In Marie Claire. Retrieved from,mere-suisse-66-ans,20123,459524.asp. Accessed on August 30, 2015.

Welch, 2014 Welch, L. (2014, January 14). The big lie about your fertility. Cosmopolitan. Retrieved from

West and Zimmerman, 1987 West, C., & Zimmerman, D. H. (1987). Doing gender. Gender & Society, 1(2), 125151. doi:10.1177/0891243287001002002

White et al., 2012 White, Y. A. R. , Woods, D. C. , Takai, Y. , Ishihara, O. , Seki, H. , & Tilly, J. L. (2012). Oocyte formation by mitotically active germ cells purified from ovaries of reproductive-age women. Nature Medicine, 18(3), 413421. doi:10.1038/nm.2669

Wiel, 2014 Wiel, L. van de . (2014). For whom the clock ticks: Reproductive ageing and egg freezing in Dutch and British news media. Studies in the Maternal, 6(1), 128. doi:10.16995/sim.4

Wilmot, 2007a Wilmot, S. (2007a). Between the farm and the clinic: Agriculture and reproductive technology in the twentieth century. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 38(2), 303315.

Wilmot, 2007b Wilmot, S. (2007b). From ‘public service’ to artificial insemination: Animal breeding science and reproductive research in early twentieth-century Britain. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 38(2), 411441. doi:10.1016/j.shpsc.2007.03.007

Wilson and Pardoe, 1988 Wilson, C., & Pardoe, M. (1988). What is Natural Fertility? The modelling of a concept. Population Index, 54(1), 420.

Windridge and Berryman, 1999 Windridge, K. C. , & Berryman, J. C. (1999). Women's experiences of giving birth after 35. Birth, 26(1), 1623. doi:10.1046/j.1523-536x.1999.00016.x

Winick, 2013 Winick, K. (2013). Facing the fertility lie. Elle. Retrieved from

Woodruff, 2008 Woodruff, T. K. (2008). Making eggs: Is it now or later? Nature Medicine, 14(11), 11901191. doi:10.1038/nm1108-1190

Woods and Tilly, 2012 Woods, D. C. , & Tilly, J. L. (2012). The next (re)generation of ovarian biology and fertility in women: Is current science tomorrow's practice? Fertility and Sterility, 98(1), 310. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.05.005

Woods and Tilly, 2015 Woods, D. C. , & Tilly, J. L. (2015). Autologous germline mitochondrial energy transfer (AUGMENT) in human assisted reproduction. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine, 33(6), 410421. doi:10.1055/s-0035-1567826

Wunder, 2013 Wunder, D. (2013). Social freezing in Switzerland and worldwide—a blessing for women today? Swiss Medical Weekly, 143, w13746. doi:10.4414/smw.2013.13746

Yanagisako and Delaney, 1995 S. J. Yanagisako , & C. Delaney (Eds.). (1995). Naturalizing power: Essays in feminist cultural analysis. New York, NY; London: Routledge.

Zhang, 2013 Zhang, H., Adhikari, D., Zheng, W., & Liu, K. (2013). Combating ovarian aging depends on the use of existing ovarian follicles, not on putative oogonial stem cells. Reproduction, 146(6), R229R233.

Zou et al., 2009 Zou, K., Yuan, Z., Yang, Z., Luo, H., Sun, K., Zhou, L., … Wu, J. (2009). Production of offspring from a germline stem cell line derived from neonatal ovaries. Nature Cell Biology, 11(5), 631636.

Zuckerman, 1951 Zuckerman, S. (1951). The number of oocytes in the mature ovary. Recent Progress in Hormone Research, 6, 63109.

Zuckerman and Weir, 1977 Zuckerman, S., & Weir, B. J. (1977). The ovary: Physiology (2nd ed.). New York, NY; London: Academic Press.