Index

Social Housing and Urban Renewal

ISBN: 978-1-78714-125-4, eISBN: 978-1-78714-124-7

Publication date: 7 August 2017

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2017), "Index", Watt, P. and Smets, P. (Ed.) Social Housing and Urban Renewal, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 485-499. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78714-124-720171017

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

Academia
, 469–473

Affinity-based sociality
, 198

Affordability
, 114, 121, 124, 273

Affordable housing
, 21, 25, 106, 107, 108, 110–112, 118–122, 124, 127, 128, 130–132, 243, 261, 270, 273, 280, 313, 352, 363, 365, 371, 375, 376, 381, 448, 450, 461

Agence Nationale de Rénovation Urbaine (ANRU)
, 144, 147, 149, 161, 168

AKP. See Justice and Development Party (AKP)

Am Südpark neighbourhood
, 264, 266, 268–269, 270, 271

‘Am Südpark’, financial investors in
, 264–267

Amsterdam
, 2, 16, 23, 218

Amsterdam East

population
, 223

series of renewal periods
, 465–466

social housing units in
, 243

Transvaal neighborhood in
, 219–225

Anglo-Saxon societies
, 282

ANRU. See Agence Nationale de Rénovation Urbaine (ANRU)

Anti-Muslim

attitudes in Netherlands
, 230

Anxiety/Uncertainty Management theory (AUM theory)
, 229, 230–231, 245

Aoyama-Kitamachi apartments projects
, 297

Architects for Social Housing (ASH)
, 471–472

Argenteuil
, 152–153

ASH. See Architects for Social Housing (ASH)

Assimilation
, 147

AUM theory. See Anxiety/Uncertainty Management theory (AUM theory)

Austerity
, 26, 144, 442, 447–448, 448–449, 463

economics
, 144

Banks
, 263, 265, 269, 294, 364, 365, 369

‘Bauverein’ cooperative
, 264–265

BBP. See Better Buildings Programme (BBP)

Better Buildings Programme (BBP)
, 370

BHA. See Boston Housing Authority (BHA)

BIDs model. See Business Improvement District model (BIDs model)

Boston Housing Authority (BHA)
, 43

Boston Miracle, The
, 55

Boston’s Orchard Park public housing project
, 37

redevelopment
, 38–40

findings
, 49

after redevelopment
, 53–57

before redevelopment
, 49–53

methods
, 47–49

Orchard Park demographics
, 48

Orchard Park to gardens
, 43–47

public housing narratives
, 40–43

public housing redevelopment
, 57–58

“Bottom-up” perspectives
, 17

Britain urban regeneration schemes
, 143–144

British renewal policies
, 147

British urban housing regeneration programmes
, 145–146

Business Improvement District model (BIDs model)
, 365–366

Cabrini Green
, 3, 314, 321, 322

demolition of Cabrini-Green project
, 8

stigmatization of Cabrini Green neighborhood
, 344–345

Cabrini-Green–Near North area in Chicago
, 24–25, 321, 324

changes in neighborhood
, 326–329

current territorial stigmatization
, 331–334

discourse of poor blacks
, 330

discourse of wealthy whites
, 329–330

stigmatization against past and expected changes
, 324–326

CBD. See Central Business District (CBD)

CDS. See City Development Strategy (CDS)

Central Business District (CBD)
, 354

Central Johannesburg Partnership (CJP)
, 359

‘Centuria’. See WVB Centuria GmbH

Chamber of Civil Engineers (İMO)
, 399

Chicago
, 3–4, 6, 8–9, 19, 59, 467

Cabrini Green-near north area in
, 25, 324

changes in neighborhood
, 326–329

current territorial stigmatization
, 331–334

discourse of poor blacks
, 330

discourse of wealthy whites
, 329–330

stigmatization against past and expected changes
, 324–326

socially-mixed areas in
, 321–324

CHP. See Community housing provider (CHP)

CIDs. See City Improvement Districts (CIDs)

Citizen participation
, 144–145, 146–147

Citizenship
, 152, 153, 161, 195–196

City Development Strategy (CDS)
, 367

City Improvement Districts (CIDs)
, 365, 368

Civil society
, 162, 256, 354, 383, 399, 461

Civility
, 217–218

CJP. See Central Johannesburg Partnership (CJP)

Close-knit network
, 231–232

CNL. See Confédération Nationale du Logement (CNL)

Coalition Government
, 144

Colonization

of amenities
, 326–327

middle-class
, 465

Communitarianism
, 147

Communities
, 82–88, 96, 164–165, 194

cohesion
, 97

reference group
, 123

welfare against
, 146–148

Community housing provider (CHP)
, 112, 115, 120–121

“Company housing”
, 280–281

Competition theory
, 229, 230, 245

Computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
, 188

Confédération Nationale du Logement (CNL)
, 165

Conflicts
, 162–163, 217–218

Conseils citoyens
, 167–169

Conservative Government
, 74, 79, 89, 163, 441, 448

Contact hypothesis
, 229, 245

Contemporary urban renewal
, 221

Contingent approach to urban renewal
, 373–377

Contradictory stigmas
, 321

Cooperatives
, 258–259

stock
, 270

Coordination anti-démolition
, 149

Cost-effectiveness
, 358

Council estates/housing
, 2, 4, 10, 14, 20, 27, 70, 73–74, 86–87, 97, 99, 143, 145, 159, 432, 434, 438, 440–442, 446, 448–451, 467, 469–472

Council Tax Benefit
, 447–448

Councillors views
, 78–82

Counter-hegemonicoppositional/critical discourse
, 13–14

Counter-stigmas
, 321

Courier Mail, The
, 113, 126

Creative class
, 295, 465

Cross-neighborhood networks and walled sociability
, 197–199

Dai-isshu
, 282

Dai-nishu
, 282

Daily (non)interaction in Netherlands
, 225–231

Dalan’s projects
, 396–397

Decanting process
, 79–90

Decentralization
, 313–314

Deindustrialization
, 4, 24, 253, 313, 433, 435–436, 463

Demolishing public/social housing
, 4–8, 12, 16, 18, 22, 41, 45, 69–99, 141–171, 255, 258, 268–272, 292–302, 322–330, 432–434, 438, 440–451, 462–467, 470–471

Demolition(s)
, 21, 69, 73, 88, 91, 96–99, 107, 141–144, 146, 162, 165, 167–169, 171, 255, 268, 269, 272, 295, 296, 298, 317–319, 322, 324–326, 330, 394, 404, 432, 434, 440–442, 444, 450, 451, 459, 465, 468, 471

DHPW. See Queensland State Department of Housing and Public Works (DHPW)

Discourse analysis
, 9–16, 468, 470

Displacement of residents
, 8, 15–16, 18, 313, 395, 459–460, 462

Domino effects
, 357

‘Downtown’ culture
, 439

Doxic common sense
, 468

Dualist system
, 282

Dutch urban neighborhoods
, 225–226

‘Dwellers’ associations
, 162–166

EAP. See Estate Action Plan (EAP)

East German shrinking city, social housing in

demolitions and ‘Urban Regeneration East’
, 268–270

expiring social housing in Halle
, 260–262

Federal funding schemes
, 254

overproduction of residential housing
, 255

poverty concentration
, 270–272

rise of financial investors in ‘Am Südpark’
, 264–267

social housing in Germany
, 256–260

two rounds of privatization
, 262–264

See also Boston’s Orchard Park public housing project; Japan, social housing in

Economic model social housing
, 256

Engaged sociology
, 472–473

Entrepreneurial strategies
, 395

Entrepreneurial growth
, 432–433

Eskişehir and Karapinar valley gecekondu renewal project
, 400–404

Estate Action Plan (EAP)
, 76

Ethnographic research
, 354–355

Eviction
, 161, 359, 364, 399, 407, 420, 424–426, 434, 445, 447

European countries
, 142–143

European Union’s guidelines
, 183

Ex-MOI
, 185–186

Exaggerated discourse of disaster
, 4–5

Existing Debts Assistance Act
, 264–265

Face-to-face interaction
, 227

Federal funding schemes
, 254

Federalization
, 259–260

Ferrier Estate
, 470

Financial investors in ‘Am Südpark’
, 264–267

Fitness to Work tests
, 448

Five Estates
, 70, 97

Camden Estate
, 75–76, 86, 91

Gloucester Grove Estate
, 75

in LBS
, 74–78

North Peckham Estate
, 75, 88–89

Sumner Estate
, 75–76, 85

Willowbrook Estate
, 75–76

Functional mix
, 155–156

Gap market
, 369

Gauteng Partnership Fund (GPF)
, 369

GEAR. See Growth Employment and Redistribution (GEAR)

Gecekondus
, 392–393, 394, 463

conditions of illegal gecekondu settlements
, 416–419

Turkish experience and situation
, 395–397

Gentrification
, 14–15, 18, 70, 74, 99, 107, 143, 146, 149, 156, 170, 218, 221–222, 244, 246, 304, 318, 327, 375–376, 422, 431, 438, 441, 449, 460, 465

specter of gentrification
, 21, 131

by stealth
, 74, 114, 180

third-wave/state-led. See State-led gentrification

urban renewal as
, 22, 105–131, 463, 468

Ghetto/es
, 3–5, 12, 144, 147, 156–157, 316, 324, 433–434

GHLC Act. See Government Housing Loan Corporation Act (GHLC Act)

GLC. See Greater London Council (GLC)

Global neoliberal urban strategy
, 395–396

Global-north and global-south urban renewal problems comparison

Cabrini Green
, 314

Cabrini Green-Near North area in Chicago
, 324–334

Chicago
, 312–313

demographic analyses
, 313

La Loma-La Florida area in Santiago
, 334–344

mixed-income housing
, 314

place
, 314–321

Santiago
, 313

social mix
, 314–321

socially-mixed areas in Chicago and Santiago
, 321–324

stigmas
, 314–321

urban renewal
, 314–321

Globalised discourse of deconcentration
, 11–12

Globalist discourses
, 397

Government Housing Loan Corporation Act (GHLC Act)
, 280

GPF. See Gauteng Partnership Fund (GPF)

Grands ensembles
, 143–144, 156, 157–158, 160–161, 165

Greater London Council (GLC)
, 75

Grounded approach to urban renewal
, 373–377

Growth Employment and Redistribution (GEAR)
, 358

Halle, expiring social housing in
, 260–262

Heterogenization of social housing policies
, 260

High-quality services and infrastructures
, 192–194

HMR. See Housing Market Renewal (HMR)

Homelessness
, 106, 121, 124, 288, 366, 447

Homeownership-oriented housing policy
, 282

HOPE VI program
, 7, 20, 37–63, 434

Hot Spots policy
, 332

Housing
, 143

authorities
, 11, 38, 42, 59–61, 153

benefit
, 447–448

building programmes
, 432

crisis
, 462, 471, 473, 484

and neighborhood renewal
, 219–221, 224, 245, 460

provision process
, 353–354

BIDs model
, 365–366

breakdown of income bands and available housing typologies
, 361

for-profit companies
, 361–363

inner city
, 258, 262, 322, 352–381

through market
, 360

social housing providers
, 362

South Africa social housing
, 361

TUHF’s CEO laments
, 364

renewal period
, 219, 220, 245, 466

single-family
, 322, 323, 335, 346

stock
, 18, 24, 91, 106–108, 110–112, 115, 120, 122, 126, 142, 144, 153, 155, 156, 158, 181, 186, 188, 190–192, 196, 200, 205, 207–209, 218, 253, 256–259, 262–263, 267, 272, 285–286, 262, 361, 440, 448, 460, 465

in Logan
, 110

tenures
, 190, 437–438

units
, 5, 18, 20, 24, 38, 41, 42, 52, 57–58, 185, 187, 195, 197, 219–220, 224, 243, 246, 253–254, 256, 258–270, 280, 287, 290, 292, 295, 297, 319, 322, 327–328, 337, 344, 362, 404, 406–407, 412

voucher
, 57, 59

See also Affordable housing; Council housing; Boston’s Orchard Park public housing project; Municipal housing; Public housing; Social housing

Housing Market Renewal (HMR)
, 146, 149, 434, 437, 439, 441, 443, 451, 469

Hybrid social enterprises
, 115–116

ICRC. See Inner-city Regeneration Charter (ICRC)

Illegal gecekondu settlements, conditions of
, 416–419

“Incremental building”
, 467

Influx control laws
, 356–357

Informal settlement
, 378, 383, 394, 463

in post-war era in Turkey
, 394–395

Inner city. See Housing inner city

Inner-city Regeneration Charter (ICRC)
, 359

Institutional effects
, 317–318

Integrated neighborhoods
, 313

Inter-ethnic relations
, 183, 202–203

Interethnic contact
, 229, 238–240, 244–247

International Monetary Fund’s strategies
, 396

International terrorist attacks
, 217, 242, 332

Ishihara, Shintaro
, 287, 301

Japan, social housing in
, 24, 278–279, 283

change in housing tenure in
, 281

Japanese social housing system
, 282

public housing vs. public corporation housing
, 282–284

regional differences in housing tenure in
, 284

restructuring of social housing
, 285–288

3 pillars of Japanese Housing Policy
, 279–282

See also Turkey, social housing and renewal strategies in

Japan Housing Corporation
, 282–283, 285

Japanese Ministry of Land
, 300

Japanese National Railways (JNR)
, 289–290

JDA. See Johannesburg Development Agency (JDA)

JHC. See Johannesburg Housing Company (JHC)

JNR. See Japanese National Railways (JNR)

Johannesburg Development Agency (JDA)
, 359–360

Johannesburg Housing Company (JHC)
, 364, 370

Johannesburg inner-city, urban regeneration and low-income in
, 352–353

broader macro-economic policy framework
, 355

contradictory, overburdened process
, 377–381

grounded, contingent approach to urban renewal
, 373–377

increasing inclusion and urban transformation
, 366–373

list of buildings
, 355

map
, 354

market-based approaches
, 353–354

renewal and housing provision through market
, 360–366

urban decay and regeneration in inner-city Johannesburg
, 356–360

Justice and Development Party (AKP)
, 392–393, 397–398, 399, 404, 408

Karapınar Renewal Project
, 25–26, 392–393, 407

Karapinar valley gecekondu renewal project, Eskişehir and
, 400–404

Keynesian
, 1–2, 14, 304, 392, 394–396, 398, 423, 432, 449

Kita-Aoyama apartments
, 299–300

Kita-Aoyama Project
, 301

Kodan, public housing
, 282–283

Koei, public housing
, 282–283

Kosha, public corporation
, 285

LA. See Local Authority (LA)

La Loma
, 323–324

La Loma–La Florida area in Santiago
, 25, 314, 334–344

changes in neighborhood
, 326–329

discourse

of lower-status residents
, 340–341

of upper-status residents
, 338–340

stigmatization against past and expected changes
, 324–326

territorial stigmatization
, 331–334

Labor union housing
, 219

Labour Government
, 145, 441

Land-banking
, 443, 445, 450

LBS. See London Borough of Southwark (LBS)

LCC. See Logan City Council (LCC)

LCCH. See Logan City Community Housing (LCCH)

Level One, international financial investor
, 263–264

Leverage effects
, 264, 270

Liberal National Party (LNP)
, 118

Limbo-land
, 442–445

Limbo effects
, 444–445

LNP. See Liberal National Party (LNP)

Local Authority (LA)
, 75

Logan City Community Housing (LCCH)
, 112, 123

Logan City Council (LCC)
, 110–111, 113, 125

Logan Renewal Initiative (LRI)
, 21–22, 108, 109–112

competing policy discourses
, 120

contested meanings of urban renewal
, 117–120

place improvement and problem of social housing
, 124–130

social housing reform and problem of gentrification
, 120–124

location of suburbs implicated in
, 111

research methods
, 112–113

urban renewal as gentrification, place-making and social housing reform
, 113–117

London
, 217, 278

London Borough of Southwark (LBS)
, 74

Five Estates in
, 74–78

London public/social housing
, 2–3, 6, 14, 16, 19, 115, 198, 204–205

London regeneration/renewal at public/social housing estates
, 10, 20, 69–99, 144, 159–160, 170, 301, 303, 450, 459, 461–462, 467, 470–472

Low-income households
, 9, 20–22, 37–38, 42, 45, 57–59, 62, 74, 78, 106–109, 111, 116–117, 120–131, 221, 243, 262, 267, 270–273, 282–283, 288, 302, 328, 334–338, 340–341, 345, 360, 363, 370–371, 381, 442, 447, 449–450, 467

Low-income housing units
, 287

Lower-status residents, discourse of
, 340–341

LRI. See Logan Renewal Initiative (LRI)

MAAC. See Minami Aoyama Apartment Corporation (MAAC)

Maboneng precinct
, 374–375

Marginal city
, 122–123

Market-based approaches
, 352–353

Market-oriented urban development
, 460

Mass Housing Administration project (TOKİ project)
, 25–26, 392–393, 393, 399–400, 403, 404–407

Medium-density dwellings
, 128–129

Middle-class residents
, 161–162, 221, 288, 321, 338–343

Middle-income households
, 107, 216, 282–283, 288, 292, 398

Minami Aoyama Apartment Corporation (MAAC)
, 292

Minami Aoyama Housing Complex Reconstruction Project
, 290, 292–293, 293, 295

Minami Aoyama public housing buildings
, 292

Ministry of Construction
, 280, 286–287

Mixed income communities
, 11, 37, 39, 58–61, 327–328

Mixed social networks conveying heterogeneous resources
, 197

Mixed tenure
, 6–7, 14, 16, 74, 79, 183, 192, 199, 224

Mixed-communities
, 74, 82, 111, 117, 434, 440–441

Mixed-income housing
, 38–39, 42, 57, 58, 319, 320–322, 330–332, 344

Mixing strategies
, 463–466

Miyashita-cho apartment renewal project
, 294–295

Moderate-income

households
, 282–283

housing units
, 287

Moroccan-Dutch
, 217, 222, 230, 245

comparison with contact of native-born and
, 237–238

contact among
, 233–237

contact with native-born and
, 238–243

Multiplicity
, 228, 434–435

Municipal housing
, 24, 27, 219, 256–258, 262–263, 432, 436

Municipal socialism
, 460

Municipality’s interventions
, 184

National Association of Social Housing Associations (NASHO)
, 372

National Housing Finance Corporation (NHFC)
, 369

National Housing Subsidy Scheme (NHSS)
, 361

Native-born
, 23, 203, 216–223, 226, 229–233, 235–248

comparison with contact of Moroccan-Dutch and
, 237–238

contact among
, 231–233

contact with Moroccan-Dutch and
, 238–243

NDCs. See New Deal for Communities (NDCs)

Near North Unity Program
, 328–329

Negative social behavior, reducing
, 194–196

Neighborhood(s)
, 180, 192

crime
, 3, 5, 7, 12–13, 20, 37, 39–41, 44, 50–52, 56, 61–62, 78, 88, 122, 129, 182, 217, 242, 316, 319, 323, 325, 328, 331–333, 342–345, 358, 397, 436, 464

effects
, 4, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 23, 179, 182–183, 205–206, 316–317, 324

houses
, 148

reducing or preventing stigma attached to
, 189–192

renewal period
, 219–220, 466

stigma/stigmatization
, 23, 179, 317

See also Transvaal neighborhood

Neoliberal/neoliberalism
, 352, 373, 392–393, 461, 462–463

neoliberal turn of social housing policy
, 289

on city-center
, 289

new urban strategy
, 289–293

neoliberalization processes
, 398–399

neoliberalizing urbanist agenda
, 114

policies
, 8, 184, 352, 367, 381, 461

reasoning
, 407–408

shift towards market
, 106–107

urbanism
, 16, 279, 392–397, 432, 450

Netherlands
, 23

contemporary renewal
, 216–217

daily (non)interaction and social polarization in
, 219, 225–231

family reunification of women
, 236

murder of Theo van Gogh
, 217

physical renewal
, 220

social mix
, 195

New Deal for Communities (NDCs)
, 71, 146–147, 164, 166, 437, 439, 441, 443, 451

New Public Management
, 143

New urban renewal
, 6–8, 289–290, 293

NFP organization
, 6–8, 289, 293

See also Not-for-profit organization (NFP organization)

NGOs. See Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)

NHFC. See National Housing Finance Corporation (NHFC)

NHSS. See National Housing Subsidy Scheme (NHSS)

NIMBY-ism
, 128

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
, 367

Not-for-profit organization (NFP organization)
, 112, 113

Nouveau Programme National de Renouvellement Urbain (NPNRU)
, 144, 149

Officers views
, 82–88

Old Debts Assistance Act
, 262–263

Olympic Games
, 7, 22, 24, 159, 179, 183, 205, 277–304, 462

Olympic Villages Housing Settlement Project
, 184, 189

On-site renewal
, 393, 408, 414

Orchard Gardens
, 58

Orchard Park home
, 44

Orchard Park to Gardens
, 43

AMI
, 44

architectural rendering of housing
, 44

buildings
, 46

map of Boston
, 43

on-site construction
, 46–47

Orchard Park Buildings in
, 1993, 45

Owner-occupied housing
, 219, 221

demand for
, 221–222

in Transvaal neighborhood
, 225–226

Owner-occupiers
, 216, 224, 233, 239, 243–247

Participation as co-production
, 166–169

Participatory politics
, 144–146

PCH. See Public corporation housing (PCH)

Peckham Partnership
, 80–81

People-based effects
, 23, 206

People-based expected effects
, 23, 179–180, 182, 206

Pepper-potting
, 74, 83

Peripherization and Urban Politics
, 255–256

PFI. See Private finance initiative (PFI)

Physical cleansing
, 7

Place attachments
, 8–9, 13–14, 320

Place-making
, 73, 113–117, 127, 131, 366

Plan, Urbanization, Construction, Architecture programme (PUCA programme)
, 148

Planetary urbanism
, 73

PNRU. See Urban renewal programme (PRU)

Poissy-la Coudraie
, 150–151, 159

Polarization
, 217–219, 225–226, 246–247, 466

Politique de la ville
, 146–148, 166

Poor blacks
, 333–334

discourse of
, 330

Post-Fordist
, 184, 189–190, 395

Post-political regeneration
, 73–74, 97

Post-war

housing policies
, 463–464

renewal
, 224

social housing provision
, 283

Poverty concentration
, 6–7, 270–272, 316–317, 322

Pre-Olympic urban renewal
, 295

projects in Tokyo
, 289

Aoyama-Kitamachi apartments projects
, 297

consequences on residents and community
, 298–301

development of urban renewal
, 293–295

illusion of win-win-win strategy
, 301–303

Kasumigaoka Apartments
, 296

new urban strategy
, 289–293

public housing land
, 296–297

TMG
, 297–298

See also Urban renewal

Precaritize tenants attachments
, 444–445

Private finance initiative (PFI)
, 292–293, 301–302

Private-sector
, 27, 114, 115, 128, 145, 243, 257, 289, 293, 302, 353, 359, 361, 364–365, 368, 378, 399, 459–461

organizations
, 461

redevelopment
, 470–471

Privatization
, 313, 335, 358, 432–433, 450, 460–461, 463

of social housing
, 460–461

two rounds of
, 262–264

Pro-gentrification agendas of local states
, 117–118

PRU. See Urban renewal programme (PRU)

Psychological effects
, 317

Public corporation housing (PCH)
, 280–285

Public housing
, 11, 27, 116, 150, 354, 398, 465–466

in Australia
, 105–132

in France
, 150

in Italy
, 179–208

in Japan
, 280–304

public corporation housing vs.
, 282–284

in Scandinavia
, 143

in United Kingdom
, 26, 149, 204, 232, 241, 267, 431–451

See Council housing

in United States
, 3, 5, 7–9, 20, 37–63, 150, 313, 321–322, 325–334

See Hope VI

See also Housing; Municipal housing; Social housing

Public Housing Act
, 280, 287–288

Public sociology
, 472–473

Public-private partnership
, 7, 14–15, 24, 148, 184, 277, 292–293, 302–303, 358, 439, 458, 464

PUCA programme. See Plan, Urbanization, Construction, Architecture programme (PUCA programme)

Quasi-social housing
, 257, 259

Queensland State Department of Housing and Public Works (DHPW)
, 108, 113, 123, 126–127

Racialized capitalism
, 356

Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP)
, 372, 383

houses
, 361

Recycling
, 70–71, 99, 358

Redevelopment
, 14, 20, 37–47, 49–50, 53–59, 61–63, 108, 132, 163, 289, 297–298, 314, 322, 325, 327–328, 330, 344–345, 374, 382, 438–439, 470–471

Regeneration processes
, 97, 354–355, 362

Renewal on-site project
, 407–411, 422

Renewal process
, 17–18, 353–354

through market
, 360–366

Residents
, 90

interviews
, 47

voices
, 88–94

Residual model
, 2, 283

Residualization
, 258

Right to Return
, 20–21, 56, 81, 86, 91, 94, 467

Right-to-Buy policy
, 115, 171, 181, 448, 449, 471

Role-model project
, 393, 408, 424

Safety-net function
, 288, 301

Salford, urban renewal in

British city
, 434–435

cuts and retrenchments
, 447–449

housing building programmes
, 432

Keynesian social welfare agendas
, 432–433

Limbo-land
, 442–445

locational specificities
, 435–436

neighbourhood effects
, 433–434

Northern Powerhouse
, 436–438

regeneration boom
, 439–440

Salford’s Electoral Districts map
, 437

shame, regret and stigma
, 445–447

in situ residents
, 440–441

spaces of regeneration
, 441–442

splintering city
, 438–439

Salford Quays
, 439

Santiago de Chile

La Loma-La Florida area in
, 334

changes in neighborhood
, 336–338

current territorial stigmatization
, 341–344

discourse of lower-status residents
, 340–341

discourse of upper-status residents
, 338–340

stigmatization against past and expected changes
, 334–336

socially-mixed areas in
, 321–324

Saxony-Anhalt state
, 260–261

Scandinavian public housing
, 143

Scroungers ergo council house building
, 446–447

Second displacement
, 298–299

Single Regeneration Budget (SRB)
, 74, 96, 146, 149, 163

Single-family housing
, 323

Sink estates
, 3, 170, 434

Slum clearance programs
, 1, 7, 41, 142, 436

Social centres
, 148, 162–166

Social cleansing
, 7, 14–16, 87, 107, 156, 441–442, 471

Social cohesion
, 23, 181–182, 216, 220, 244, 246, 320, 340, 464

Social democracy
, 26, 218, 392, 460

Social disorganization
, 316–317

Social housing
, 82, 89, 106, 149–150, 152, 207n2, 224, 254–255, 256, 353, 361, 393, 469–473

expiring social housing in Halle
, 260–262

in Germany
, 256–260

income for
, 243

in Japan
, 279–288

and mega-event regeneration in Turin

area-based beneficial effects
, 182–183

beneficial effects of tenure mix policies
, 182

criticisms
, 181–182

cross-neighborhood networks and walled sociability
, 197–199

developing high-quality services and infrastructures
, 192–194

developing mixed social networks
, 197

gentrification by stealth
, 180

inter-ethnic relations
, 202–205

mixed tenure networks and shared areas
, 199–202

policy expectations and results comparison
, 189

preventing stigma attached to neighborhood
, 189–192

reducing negative social behavior
, 194–196

reducing stigma attached to neighborhood
, 189–192

Turin case study
, 183–189

reform

and place improvement
, 109–112

and problem of gentrification
, 120–124

regeneration
, 144

renewal
, 9–16

settlement
, 191–192

stocks
, 196, 460

tenants
, 106–107, 121, 181

in Transvaal neighborhood
, 225

vis-à-vis renewal
, 466

See also Public housing

Social housing estates
, 1–2, 4–19, 100, 152, 198, 205, 255, 272, 459, 462, 468, 471

development and decline
, 1, 24, 26

bad reputation
, 5, 161, 189

exaggerated discourse of disaster
, 5

heartlands
, 1–2, 19

residual model of provision
, 2

spatial concentration of poverty
, 3

US public housing
, 5–6

Social landlords
, 143, 153

Social liberalism
, 460

Social mix(ing)
, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 22–23, 25, 107–109, 113–118, 120–121, 124–125, 130, 141–142, 144, 148–149, 155–157, 179–202, 205, 207, 216, 219, 222, 248, 260, 267, 273, 312, 314, 319, 321, 344–345, 408, 434, 442, 464–466, 469

areas in Chicago and Santiago
, 321–324

comparison of contact of native-born and Moroccan-Dutch
, 237–238

contact among Moroccan-Dutch
, 233–237

contact among native-born Dutch
, 231–233

contact between native-born and Moroccan-Dutch
, 238–243

controversial justifications
, 161

daily (non)interaction in Netherlands
, 225–231

demolitions
, 159

growing awareness of metropolitan issues
, 160–161

neighborhoods
, 314, 319, 320

neighbourhoods
, 107

owner-occupiers
, 243–245

policies
, 260

PRU programmes
, 158

and residential mobility
, 157

residents
, 157–158

social polarization in Netherlands
, 225–231

stakeholders
, 162

subject of national controversy
, 156

tenants
, 243–245

territorial stigmatization
, 319

Transvaal neighborhood
, 219–225

See also Tenure mix(ing)

Social polarization
, 23, 215–219, 224, 226, 246, 466

linked with events
, 466

Moroccan-Dutch
, 217

in Netherlands
, 219, 225–231

Social policies in demolition programmes
, 148–152

Social tectonic
, 114, 222

Spatial concentration of poverty
, 3

Spatial inventories
, 25

Spatial neighborhood effects
, 4

Spatial policies in demolition programmes
, 148–152

Specter of gentrification
, 21

Spina District 3 project
, 187–188

Spina District 3 residents
, 193

Sporting mega-events
, 22

SRB. See Single Regeneration Budget (SRB)

Stakeholder approach
, 461, 463

Standard family model oriented policy
, 280

State-induced rent gap
, 433, 468, 472

State-led gentrification
, 8, 14–16, 21, 70–71, 99, 114–115, 123, 272, 278–279, 285, 304–305, 468–469

State-led renewal policies of social/public housing
, 38

Stigmas
, 13, 60, 83, 107, 110, 113, 116, 125, 130–131, 156, 182, 189, 192, 203, 205, 314–324, 326, 329–331, 333, 446–447

Stigmatization
, 13–14, 16, 23, 25, 110, 116, 131, 158, 179, 182, 190–192, 205–206, 311–325, 328, 331–332, 335–336, 340, 344–345, 435, 451, 465, 467

Subletting arrangements
, 370–371

Super-residualization
, 24, 278, 283

Taputahsisbelgesi
, 411

TARA. See Tenants and Residents Associations (TRAs)

TAs. See Tenants Associations (TAs)

Technocratic common sense
, 12, 468

Tenants
, 81–82, 85, 90, 243–245

Tenants and Residents Associations (TRAs)
, 97, 163

Tenants Associations (TAs)
, 86, 151, 157, 159, 165–168, 171, 262, 300

Tenure mix(ing)
, 181–182, 189, 243, 465

renewal
, 224

See also Social mix(ing)

Territorial stigmatization

Cabrini Green
, 314

Cabrini Green-Near North area in Chicago
, 324–334

Chicago
, 312

demographic analyses
, 313

La Loma-La Florida area in Santiago
, 334–344

mixed-income housing
, 314

place
, 314–321

Santiago
, 313

social mix
, 314–321

socially-mixed areas in Chicago and Santiago
, 321–324

stigmas
, 314–321

urban renewal
, 314–321

Tertiary sociability
, 198

3 pillars of Japanese Housing Policy
, 279–282

TMG. See Tokyo Metropolitan Government (TMG)

TMG-led urban renewal projects
, 295

TOKİ project. See Mass Housing Administration project (TOKI˙ project)

Tokyo

Japanese capital
, 278

Olympic Games
, 278

pre-Olympic urban renewal projects in
, 289

consequences on residents and community
, 298–301

development of urban renewal
, 293–295

illusion of “win-win-win strategy”
, 301–303

new urban strategy
, 289–293

pre-Olympic urban renewal
, 295–298

social housing in Japan
, 279–288

Tokyo Twin Parks Towers
, 289

urban renewal projects
, 279

See also Turkey, social housing and renewal strategies in

Tokyo Metropolitan Government (TMG)
, 24, 290

Top-down perspectives
, 17

Toshi-saisei. See Urban Renaissance

Transvaal neighborhood
, 218, 219, 244

in Amsterdam East
, 219

changes in population composition of both Amsterdam and
, 222, 223

demand for owner-occupied housing
, 221

housing and neighborhood renewal period
, 220

housing units
, 219

impact on composition of neighborhood population
, 224

Moroccan-Dutch interviewees in
, 233

owner-occupied housing in
, 226

renewal periods in
, 219

renewal plans for Tugela blocks
, 221

social housing in
, 225

three periods of urban renewal
, 224

type of housing in
, 224

TRAs. See Tenants and Residents Associations (TRAs)

Trickle-down effects
, 24

Trickledown economics
, 358

Trust for Urban Housing Finance (TUHF)
, 363, 369

TUHF. See Trust for Urban Housing Finance (TUHF)

Turin case study
, 182, 183

distinctive features of Ex-MOI and Spina
, 3, 187

neighborhood and community spaces
, 188

policy windows
, 184

public/private cooperation
, 188

social cohesion
, 185

Spina
, 3, 185

Spina District 3 project
, 187

Turkey, social housing and renewal strategies in
, 392

commonality
, 393

conditions of illegal gecekondu settlements
, 416–419

economic concerns
, 404–407

Eskişehir and Karapinar valley gecekondu renewal project
, 400–404

forthcoming evictions and officials perceptions about TOKİ projects
, 419–423

informal settlements in post-war era in
, 394–395

inhabitants
, 411–413

neoliberal urbanism, Turkish experience and situation of Gecekondus
, 395–397

‘renewal on-site’ project
, 407–411

situation of deed and allotment owners
, 413–416

urbanism in Turkey after 2000s
, 397–400

See also Japan, social housing in

Twice-cleared communities
, 7, 41, 298–299

Unitarian system
, 282

United States
, 144, 150

Upper-status residents, discourse of
, 338–340

Urban

equilibrium
, 434

investments
, 396

modernization’ agenda
, 126

Pamphleteer
, 72

policy
, 9–16

restructuring
, 443

revanchism
, 465

strategies
, 397

village
, 470

Urban decay and regeneration in inner-city Johannesburg
, 356

discovery of gold
, 356

GEAR strategy
, 358–359

influx control laws
, 356–357

urban governance
, 359–360

Urban regeneration
, 7, 70

councillors views
, 78–82

discussion
, 94–98

Five Estates in LBS
, 74–78

methodology and literature review
, 71–74

officers views
, 82–88

residents voices
, 88–94

Urban Regeneration East
, 268–270

Urban Renaissance
, 285, 289

Urban renewal
, 1, 6–8, 14, 17–19, 21–26, 38, 105–109, 113–120, 122, 124, 126–127, 129–132, 142, 144–145, 147, 149–155, 157, 59, 161, 162, 163, 166–170, 180, 215–216, 218–219, 221, 224, 246–247, 277–279, 289–290, 292–293, 295–296, 298–299, 302–304, 314, 318–319, 324, 351–352, 366, 391–393, 395–396, 398–400, 408, 459–463, 466, 468–469

competing policy discourses in Logan
, 120

competing tendencies
, 108

contested meanings in Logan
, 117–120

place improvement and problem of social housing
, 124–130

social housing reform and problem of gentrification
, 120–124

contingent approach to
, 373–377

in France and England

emphasize plural
, 154

expressions of local conflicts
, 162–166

landlocked
, 155

New Public Management
, 143

participation as co-production
, 166–169

participatory politics
, 144–146

Politique de la ville
, 146–148

risk and conflict
, 152

Scandinavian public housing
, 143

social and spatial policies in demolition programmes
, 148–152

social landlord
, 153

social mix
, 155–162

as gentrification
, 113–117

policies
, 459

projects
, 298, 395

redux
, 6

three periods of
, 224

See also Pre-Olympic urban renewal

Urban renewal programme (PRU)
, 145, 147–148, 149, 154, 159, 161, 163, 168, 169

Urban Renewal Upgrade Projects
, 293, 293–294

Urban transformation
, 26, 319, 322, 366, 396

CIDs
, 368

housing providers
, 370–371

local state
, 370

marketized paradigm
, 371

NASHO
, 372

neoliberal
, 373

NGOs
, 367

NHSS model
, 372–373

regeneration process
, 368–369

Urbanism in Turkey after 2000s
, 397–400

US public housing
, 5, 322

Waste
, 71–73

We-they configurations
, 217

Wealthy whites
, 333–334

discourse of
, 329–330

Welfare

assertions
, 393

against community
, 146–148

housing
, 286

state
, 1–2, 5, 11, 14, 26, 142, 181, 313, 368, 391, 395, 420, 424–425

Welfare Party (WP)
, 397

West Germany
, 2, 258

Wilders, Geert
, 217

Win-win-win strategy
, 24, 277, 301–303

Work Programme
, 448

Working-class areas/communities/residents
, 13, 74, 92, 147, 152, 435, 439–442, 446, 449, 469

WVB Centuria GmbH
, 265

Zones franches
, 148

Zones urbaines sensibles (ZUS)
, 146–147

Prelims
1 Social Housing and Urban Renewal: An Introduction
2 Holding on to HOPE: Assessing Redevelopment of Boston’s Orchard Park Public Housing Project
3 ‘The Blue Bit, that Was My Bedroom’: Rubble, Displacement and Regeneration in Inner-City London
4 Gentrification as Policy Goal or Unintended Outcome? Contested Meanings of Urban Renewal and Social Housing Reform in an Australian City
5 Are Social Mix and Participation Compatible? Conflicts and Claims in Urban Renewal in France and England
6 Promoting Social Mix through Tenure Mix: Social Housing and Mega-Event Regeneration in Turin
7 Tenure Mix against the Background of Social Polarization. Social Mixing of Moroccan-Dutch and Native-Born Dutch in Amsterdam East
8 Phased Out, Demolished and Privatized: Social Housing in an East German ‘Shrinking City’
9 Social Housing and Urban Renewal in Tokyo: From Post-War Reconstruction to the 2020 Olympic Games
10 Territorial Stigmatization in Socially-Mixed Neighborhoods in Chicago and Santiago: A Comparison of Global-North and Global-South Urban Renewal Problems
11 Caught Between the Market and Transformation: Urban Regeneration and the Provision of Low-Income Housing in Inner-City Johannesburg
12 Social Housing, Urban Renewal and Shifting Meanings of ‘Welfare State’ in Turkey: A Study of the Karaplnar Renewal Project, Eskişehir
13 The Inbetweeners: Living with Abandonment, Gentrification and Endless Urban ‘Renewal’ in Salford, UK
14 Social Housing and Urban Renewal: Conclusion
About the Authors
Index