Responses to job insecurity

Dae‐seok Kang (College of Business Administration, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea)
Jeff Gold (Faculty of Business and Law, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK)
Daewon Kim (College of Business Administration, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Publication date: 10 August 2012



This paper aims to focus on a career perspective to investigate the association between employee experience of job insecurity and work‐related behaviors, specifically discretionary extra‐role and impression management behaviors. A second purpose is to analyze the interaction effect of perceived employability and job insecurity on extra‐role and impression management behaviors.


Based on a sample of 207 supervisor‐subordinate dyads in Korean banking and financial institutions, the relationships between job insecurity and extra‐role or impression management as two career behaviors are tested. The interaction effects of employability and job insecurity on behavioral options are also tested.


The results showed that the perception of job insecurity led to both reduced extra‐role and impression management behavior and the intensity of withdrawal increased as employability increased.

Research limitations/implications

The findings provide a fundamental new insight into how a careerist orientation functions in the age of job insecurity.

Practical implications

Extra‐role and impression management behaviors may be an individual's method of career management, especially in the context of job insecurity, allowing managers to capture a more dynamic picture of an individual's career choice in a new employment relationship.


The paper adopts a career perspective in investigating employee extra‐role and impression management behaviors under conditions of declining job security. It adds further value by showing the moderating effect of employability on such behaviors.



Kang, D., Gold, J. and Kim, D. (2012), "Responses to job insecurity", Career Development International, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 314-332.

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Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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