Movement of people from one retail trade area to another in search of better options and deals has been studied across the world owing to its large impact on trade flow. Studies have been done in various rural and urban settings. However, almost all except one fails to provide a comprehensive model of outshopping which has its own limitations with regard to its applicability’s across cultures and in various settings. Nonetheless findings from the literature provides necessary inputs to start studies in various other cultures and settings. Results are presented in form of various definitions, various types, methodologies used, factors identified (individual characteristics, market characteristics, product related variables and accessibility factors) and patterns across continents. Attempts have also been made to explain their applicability to Indian conditions along with various limitations and gaps.
Varshney, S. and Goyal, A. (2005), "A review and extension of the outshopping paradigm to the Indian context", Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 30-62. https://doi.org/10.1108/13555850510672421
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