Effects of electroplating on the mechanical properties of stereolithography and laser sintered parts

N. Saleh (Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, Loughborough, UK)
N. Hopkinson (Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, Loughborough, UK)
R.J.M. Hague (Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, Loughborough, UK)
S. Wise (Repliform Inc., Maryland, USA)

Rapid Prototyping Journal

ISSN: 1355-2546

Publication date: 1 December 2004

Abstract

This paper provides a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the effects of electroplating on polymer parts made by stereolithography (SL) and laser sintering. A series of test samples were coated with copper and nickel with varying thickness. Thicker coatings (120 μm) were reproduced with a repeatability that should not adversely affect the tolerances with which such parts may be produced given the tolerances of the initial rapid prototyping processes themselves. Thinner coatings (20 μm) resulted in a smother surface finish than thicker coatings for SL parts, however the converse was true for laser‐sintered parts. Composite theory was used to predict that thicker coating would lead to higher Young's modulus in parts and this was shown to be true in physical tests although the practical values were lower than the predicted values especially for thicker coatings. Physical tests also confirmed that thicker coatings increased UTS and impact energy but had a minimal effect on the ductility of parts.

Keywords

Citation

Saleh, N., Hopkinson, N., Hague, R. and Wise, S. (2004), "Effects of electroplating on the mechanical properties of stereolithography and laser sintered parts", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 10 No. 5, pp. 305-315. https://doi.org/10.1108/13552540410562340

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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