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Predictors of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry

Ayşe Kuruüzüm (Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey)
Nilgün Anafarta (Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey)
Sezgin Irmak (Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 7 March 2008

3497

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of job satisfaction, job characteristics and demographics on levels of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a questionnaire survey of 139 middle managers in four‐ and five‐star hotels in a major tourist destination of Turkey, data were collected on: the Turkish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory; job satisfaction; job characteristics; and demographic characteristics. These data were then analysed for evidence of relationships among the variables.

Findings

The burnout levels of the middle managers are found to be moderate. Job satisfaction and job characteristics are found to be important predictors of burnout. Certain job characteristics (such as excessive workload, lack of support from senior management, task complexity, and role ambiguity) increase the emotional exhaustion of middle managers and decrease their performance levels. Burnout levels among managers of food and beverage and front‐office operations are found to be greater than those of other middle managers.

Research limitations/implications

The factor of “job characteristics” was assessed according to the perceptions of the respondents, rather than by objective quantitative assessment.

Practical implications

Job satisfaction and job characteristics are clearly identified as strong predictors of burnout among middle managers in the hotel industry. The practical implication is that senior management should support middle managers by relieving them of task complexity, role ambiguity, and excessive workload.

Originality/value

The study identifies some important predictors of burnout, thus facilitating the development of strategies to reduce burnout and its adverse consequences in the hospitality industry.

Keywords

Citation

Kuruüzüm, A., Anafarta, N. and Irmak, S. (2008), "Predictors of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 186-198. https://doi.org/10.1108/09596110810852168

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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