Effective Administration through Organizational Levels
Journal of Educational Administration
Article publication date: 1 April 1992
Levels of complexity are constituent elements in living systems. The organization as a complex living system comprises four levels – individual, face‐to‐face team, group‐divisional, and policy‐strategy. Applies one framework of organizational levels to the university context and shows how a focus on the successful completion of the tasks on each level provides a paradigm for effective administration.
Rashford, N.S. and Coghlan, D. (1992), "Effective Administration through Organizational Levels", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 30 No. 4. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578239210020516
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