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A systems approach to quality in elementary schools: A theoretical and empirical analysis

C. John Tarter (School of Education, St Johns University, Jamaica, New York, USA)
Wayne K. Hoy (School of Policy and Educational Leadership, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA)

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Article publication date: 1 October 2004

Abstract

An open social systems model is used to frame and test a series of hypotheses. The socioeconomic status of the environment and four internal system elements (structure, individual, culture, politics) of the school are used to explain two sets of school outcomes: student achievement and teachers' assessments of overall school effectiveness. A typical sample of 145 elementary schools in Ohio is used to test the relationships. The model and results are useful in understanding how this set of key variables as a whole defines quality elementary schools.

Keywords

Citation

Tarter, C.J. and Hoy, W.K. (2004), "A systems approach to quality in elementary schools: A theoretical and empirical analysis", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 42 No. 5, pp. 539-554. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578230410554052

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited