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Solder paste characterisation: towards the development of quality control (QC) tool

R. Durairaj (Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Science (FES), University Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
S. Mallik (Electronics Manufacturing Engineering Research Group, School of Engineering, University of Greenwich at Medway, Chatham, UK)
N.N. Ekere (Electronics Manufacturing Engineering Research Group, School of Engineering, University of Greenwich at Medway, Chatham, UK)

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology

ISSN: 0954-0911

Article publication date: 27 June 2008

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a quality control tool based on rheological test methods for solder paste and flux media.

Design/methodology/approach

The rheological characterisation of solder pastes and flux media was carried out through the creep‐recovery, thixotropy and viscosity test methods. A rheometer with a parallel plate measuring geometry of 40 mm diameter and a gap height of 1 mm was used to characterise the paste and associated flux media.

Findings

The results from the study showed that the creep‐recovery test can be used to study the deformation and recovery of the pastes, which can be used to understand the slump behaviour in solder pastes. In addition, the results from the thixotropic and viscosity test were unsuccessful in determining the differences in the rheological flow behaviour in the solder pastes and the flux medium samples.

Research limitations/implications

More extensive rheological and printing testing is needed in order to correlate the findings from this study with the printing performance of the pastes.

Practical implications

The rheological test method presented in the paper will provide important information for research and development, quality control and production staff to facilitate the manufacture of solder pastes and flux media.

Originality/value

The paper explains how the rheological test can be used as a quality control tool to identify the suitability of a developmental solder paste and flux media used for the printing process.

Keywords

Citation

Durairaj, R., Mallik, S. and Ekere, N.N. (2008), "Solder paste characterisation: towards the development of quality control (QC) tool", Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, Vol. 20 No. 3, pp. 34-40. https://doi.org/10.1108/09540910810885705

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited