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Employees' motivational orientation and well‐being at work: A person‐oriented approach

Katariina Salmela‐Aro (Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Finland)
Jari‐Erik Nurmi (Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Finland)

Journal of Organizational Change Management

ISSN: 0953-4814

Article publication date: 1 October 2004



This study utilises a person‐oriented view to examine what kind of motivational orientations employees have, and how they contribute to their well‐being. Two separate studies were carried out. A total of 286 white‐collar workers employed in a public sector educational institution in a middle‐sized town in Central Finland participated in the first study (116 men and 170 women). All the participants filled in Little's Personal Project Analysis and burnout inventory, a work ability index, Beck's Depression and Diener's Satisfaction with life scales. Analysis of the results found four motivational orientations, work‐, self‐, hobby‐ and health‐orientations among the employees. The work‐orientation was related to burnout and low working ability, the self‐orientation was related to depression and burnout, and the hobby‐ and health‐orientations were related to high life‐satisfaction. Study 2, conducted among 186 IT workers replicated the main results. The results are discussed in relation to workaholism and well‐being at work.



Salmela‐Aro, K. and Nurmi, J. (2004), "Employees' motivational orientation and well‐being at work: A person‐oriented approach", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 17 No. 5, pp. 471-489.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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