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South Africa: Impact of HIV/AIDS on food demand

Frank W. Agbola (School of Policy, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia)
Maylene Y. Damoense (School of Business and Economics, Monash University South Africa, Roodepoort, South Africa)
Yvonne K. Saini (Department of Marketing, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 1 July 2004



A growing number of studies have concluded that South Africa has one of the highest cases of HIV infections in the world. With the epidemic continuing to evolve at an alarming rate, the government of South Africa has regarded the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a developmental and socio‐economic policy issue. This study explores the impact of HIV/AIDS on food demand in South Africa. Food demand functions were estimated using time‐series data for the period 1970 to 2000.Simulation analyses were undertaken to examine “with AIDS” and “without AIDS” scenarios. Unlike previous empirical findings, which dwell on the major negative impact of HIV/AIDS on food demand patterns in South Africa, this study foreshadows a more mixed outcome of both negative and positive impacts on the demand patterns for specific food types in South Africa as consequences of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and recommends policy changes.



Agbola, F.W., Damoense, M.Y. and Saini, Y.K. (2004), "South Africa: Impact of HIV/AIDS on food demand", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 31 No. 7, pp. 721-731.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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