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Article
Publication date: 15 January 2018

Victor Maddalena, Amanda Pendergast and Gerona McGrath

There is a growing emphasis on teaching patient safety principles and quality improvement (QI) processes in medical education curricula. This paper aims to present how the Faculty…

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Abstract

Purpose

There is a growing emphasis on teaching patient safety principles and quality improvement (QI) processes in medical education curricula. This paper aims to present how the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland engaged medical students in quality improvement during their recent curriculum renewal process.

Design/methodology/approach

In the 2013-2014 academic year, the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland launched an undergraduate medical education curriculum renewal process. This presented a unique opportunity to teach quality improvement by involving students in the ongoing development and continuous improvement of their undergraduate curriculum through the implementation of quality circles and other related QI activities.

Findings

The authors’ experience shows that implementing QI processes is beneficial in the medical education environment, particularly during times of curriculum redesign or implementation of new initiatives.

Originality/value

Student engagement and participation in the QI process is an excellent way to teach basic QI concepts and improve curriculum program outcomes.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 31 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 July 2016

Victor Maddalena

Physicians play an important leadership role in the management and governance of the healthcare system. Yet, many physicians lack formal management and leadership training to…

992

Abstract

Purpose

Physicians play an important leadership role in the management and governance of the healthcare system. Yet, many physicians lack formal management and leadership training to prepare them for this challenging role. This Viewpoint article argues that leadership concepts need to be introduced to undergraduate medical students early and throughout their medical education.

Design/methodology/approach

Leadership is an integral part of medical practice. The recent inclusion of “Leader” competency in the CanMEDS 2015 represents a subtle but important shift from the previous “manager” competency. Providing medical students with the basics of leadership concepts early in their medical education allows them to integrate leadership principles into their professional practice.

Findings

The Faculty of Medicine at the Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN) has developed an eight-module, fully online Physician Leadership Certificate for their undergraduate medical education program. This program is cited as an example of an undergraduate medical curriculum that offers leadership training throughout the 4 years of the MD program.

Originality/value

There are a number of continuing professional development opportunities for physicians in the area of management and leadership. This Viewpoint article challenges undergraduate medical education programs to develop and integrate leadership training in their curricula.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 February 2010

Victor Maddalena

The purpose of this paper is to examine the governing boards responsible for health care in Nova Scotia to determine the extent to which they facilitate and/or impede efforts to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the governing boards responsible for health care in Nova Scotia to determine the extent to which they facilitate and/or impede efforts to attend to the health needs of African Canadians.

Design/methodology/approach

A case study method was employed. Qualitative interview and documentary data were interpreted by means of a hybrid of methods including discourse analysis, thematic analysis, reflexive ethnography and ethnography.

Findings

Key findings from this study suggest that the complex mandate of DHAs, a lack of processes to assess need and limited data (including a lack of research) to support decision‐making contribute to a limited understanding of the health needs of African Canadians among DHA board members and executive management. Policy options include improving access to, and development of, culturally competent health services, conducting research and improving access to data to facilitate decision‐making, and educating board members and executive management about black culture. DHAs need to explore new and innovative ways to engage and include the black community in decision‐making.

Practical implications

Continued public and political emphasis on the maintenance of the acute care system, limited resources devoted to “population health” and internal and external constraints that serve to limit the capacity for health boards to make independent decisions pose significant challenges for DHAs as they seek to fulfill their legislated mandate to improve the health of their catchment population. Policy options are presented to address issues such as research and information management, education and awareness, representation and building meaningful opportunities for inclusion.

Originality/value

There is a dearth of literature examining the roles and responsibilities of governing boards in attending to the health needs of minority populations.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 23 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 February 2015

Victor Maddalena and Lisa Fleet

This article aims to document the process the province of Newfoundland and Labrador used to develop an innovative Physician Management and Leadership Program (PMLP). The PMLP is a…

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Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to document the process the province of Newfoundland and Labrador used to develop an innovative Physician Management and Leadership Program (PMLP). The PMLP is a collaborative initiative among Memorial University (Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Business), the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the Regional Health Authorities. As challenges facing health-care systems become more complex there is a growing need for management and leadership training for physicians.

Design/methodology/approach

Memorial University Faculty of Medicine and the Gardiner Centre in the Faculty of Business in partnership with Regional Health Authorities and the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador identified the need for a leadership and management education program for physician leaders. A provincial needs assessment of physician leaders was conducted to identify educational needs to fill this identified gap. A Steering Committee was formed to guide the design and implementation and monitor delivery of the 10 module Physician Management and Leadership Program (PMLP).

Findings

Designing management and leadership education programs to serve physicians who practice in a large, predominately rural geographic area can be challenging and requires efficient use of available resources and technology.

Originality/value

While there are many physician management and leadership programs available in Canada and abroad, the PMLP was designed to meet the specific educational needs of physician leaders in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 April 2012

Victor Maddalena

This article is a primer which aims to examine the application of project management principles in organizational strategic planning. The intended audience is students in health…

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Abstract

Purpose

This article is a primer which aims to examine the application of project management principles in organizational strategic planning. The intended audience is students in health administration and novice leaders in health care.

Design/methodology/approach

A six‐phase project management algorithm is presented to serve as a framework for implementing various aspects of an organization's strategic plan, with a particular emphasis on accountability processes.

Findings

Leaders in healthcare can increase the effectiveness of their organization's strategic planning processes and improve accountability by incorporating basic project management principles during the implementation phase of strategic planning.

Research limitations/implications

This is a review article drawing on a well‐established literature in project management and strategic planning.

Practical implications

The processes associated with generating an organizational strategic plan are well addressed in the management literature. This article succinctly outlines the application of basic project management principles to the implementation of strategic plans and organizational success, focusing on accountability processes.

Social implications

Cost effectiveness of health organizations can be improved by implementing project management practices in strategic planning.

Originality/value

The article succinctly applies basic project management principles to the implementation of strategic plans and organizational success.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 May 2007

Victor Maddalena

The purpose of this paper is to provide a practical approach to ethical decision‐making for executives working in the healthcare setting.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a practical approach to ethical decision‐making for executives working in the healthcare setting.

Design/methodology/approach

A nine step decision‐making algorithm is presented to serve as a guide for identifying and resolving complex ethical problems.

Findings

While decision‐making frameworks are not new to the management literature, this practical approach outlines a coherent and logical means by which executives can articulate a management problem.

Originality/value

Identifies and evaluates potential solutions for consideration, plans an approach to implementing the desired solution, and evaluates the impact of their decision.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 May 2007

Jennifer Bowerman

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Abstract

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Content available
Article
Publication date: 27 April 2012

154

Abstract

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Book part
Publication date: 13 March 2019

Víctor Hernández-Santaolalla

The popularization of slasher as subgenre begins with the release of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (Hooper, 1974) and Halloween (Carpenter, 1978). Both films serve to define the…

Abstract

The popularization of slasher as subgenre begins with the release of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (Hooper, 1974) and Halloween (Carpenter, 1978). Both films serve to define the topic of the subgenre: a serial killer that often slaughters groups of teenagers, especially attractive young women, using bladed weapons (Linz & Donnerstein, 1994; Molitor & Sapolski, 1993, 1994). Thus, although the definition of the slasher is not really fixed in terms of gender, the killers have been traditionally interpreted by men, while the victims have been usually interpreted by women (Clover, 2015; Trencansky, 2001; Weaver et al., 2015). Not for nothing, another important character is the final girl, who uncovers the monster´s motivations and finishes the killer off in the final scene; an important role that is actually a form of female subjugation. However, some exceptions can be found such as Pamela Voorhees (Friday the 13th, Cunningham, 1980), but she is simply defined as Jason´s mother. More interesting is the case of the Scream saga, in particular Scream 4 (Craven, 2011) where a teenage girl, portrayed by Emma Roberts, tries to play the role of the killer and the final girl at the same time.

In recent years, the slasher has gained importance in television. After Harper’s Island (CBS, 2009), an homage to the subgenre rather than a real slasher TV show, in 2015, MTV launched Scream, based on the film series and which continues exploring the gender roles anticipated by the last movie of the saga. In the same year, Fox launched Ryan Murphy’s Scream Queens (2015–2016) starred by Jamie Lee Curtis, the final girl of Prom night (Lynch, 1980) and Halloween saga, and Emma Roberts. In this regard, current television tries to renew the slasher, but starting from the clichés and even some familiar faces of the subgenre.

The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate the representation and evolution of female characters in slasher television series, exploring the relationship among the killer, the final girl and the rest of the victims. In this way, television series like Scream, Scream Queens (Fox, 2015–2016) or Slasher (Super Channel, 2016–) are analysed.

Details

Gender and Contemporary Horror in Television
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-103-2

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 June 2019

P.K. Kapur, Saurabh Panwar and Ompal Singh

This paper aims to develop a parsimonious and innovative model that captures the dynamics of new product diffusion in the recent high-technology markets and thus assist both…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop a parsimonious and innovative model that captures the dynamics of new product diffusion in the recent high-technology markets and thus assist both academicians and practitioners who are eager to understand the diffusion phenomena. Accordingly, this study develops a novel diffusion model to forecast the demand by centering on the dynamic state of the product’s adoption rate. The proposed study also integrates the consumer’s psychological point of view on price change and goodwill of the innovation in the diffusion process.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, a two-dimensional distribution function has been derived using Cobb–Douglas’s production function to combine the effect of price change and continuation time (goodwill) of the technology in the market. Focused on the realistic scenario of sales growth, the model also assimilates the time-to-time variation in the adoption rate (hazard rate) of the innovation owing to companies changing marketing and pricing strategies. The time-instance upon which the adoption rate alters is termed as change-point.

Findings

For validation purpose, the developed model is fitted on the actual sales and price data set of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) semiconductors, liquid crystal display (LCD) monitors and room air-conditioners using non-linear least squares estimation procedure. The results indicate that the proposed model has better forecasting efficiency than the conventional diffusion models.

Research limitations/implications

The developed model is intrinsically restricted to a single generation diffusion process. However, technological innovations appear in generations. Therefore, this study also yields additional plausible directions for future analysis by extending the diffusion process in a multi-generational environment.

Practical implications

This study aims to assist marketing managers in determining the long-term performance of the technology innovation and examine the influence of fluctuating price on product demand. Besides, it also incorporates the dynamic tendency of adoption rate in modeling the diffusion process of technological innovations. This will support the managers in understanding the practical implications of different marketing and promotional strategies on the adoption rate.

Originality/value

This is the first attempt to study the value-based diffusion model that includes key interactions between goodwill of the innovation, price dynamics and change-point for anticipating the sales behavior of technological products.

Details

Journal of Modelling in Management, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5664

Keywords

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