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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1993

Marie McHugh and Shirley Brennan

Presents evidence on the prevalence of work stress and the apparentreluctance of many to recognize the interdependence of individual andorganizational health. Consequently…

Abstract

Presents evidence on the prevalence of work stress and the apparent reluctance of many to recognize the interdependence of individual and organizational health. Consequently focuses on the urgent need for organizations to engage in stress prevention and stress management activities. Previous approaches to stress prevention and stress management have often appeared to be rather haphazard, so outlines a practical, all encompassing, cost‐saving model which brings the organization towards a philosophy of “total stress management”.

Details

Employee Councelling Today, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-8217

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1993

Bill Clarke and Shirley Brennan

Reviews the small firm training field, focusing specifically onexporting. Reports on an action learning programme devised by theUniversity of Ulster which sought to…

Abstract

Reviews the small firm training field, focusing specifically on exporting. Reports on an action learning programme devised by the University of Ulster which sought to prepare small business owners for a United States trade mission under the Young Exporters Trade Mission Scheme (YETM). Discusses mission gains and evaluates the initiative.

Details

Management Development Review, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0962-2519

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

Marie McHugh and Shirley Brennan

If organization development is to achieve the objective ofimproving organizational effectiveness, it is essential that companiesadopt a proactive and preventive approach…

Abstract

If organization development is to achieve the objective of improving organizational effectiveness, it is essential that companies adopt a proactive and preventive approach to stress management. Such an approach would reduce the costs of stress which result directly from organization development and, additionally, the costs of previously existing stress factors such as high labour turnover, absenteeism and reduced productivity. A practical all‐encompassing model is presented which brings the organization towards a philosophy of “total stress management” (TSM). Organizations which develop this philosophy, through the adoption of the practical action model, will be able to reduce the cost of stress substantially.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1994

Marie McHugh and Shirley Brennan

Outlines some of the dramatic changes which have had an impact onpublic sector organizations in the United Kingdom, and the likelyeffects for employees. Argues that…

Abstract

Outlines some of the dramatic changes which have had an impact on public sector organizations in the United Kingdom, and the likely effects for employees. Argues that enhanced demands which have accompanied these changes create a cumulative spiral of pressures for organization members, rendering them susceptible to the adverse effects of work stress. This view is supported by a case study which outlines the experiences of one large public sector organization subject to the change process. Consequently, it is essential that the issue of stress and its management features increasingly on the agenda of efficient and effective public sector managers. Presents a practical, all‐encompassing action model, total stress management, as one approach to enable organizations and their members to cope effectively with the stress of change in the public sector.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 7 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Book part
Publication date: 10 July 2019

Linyuan Guo-Brennan and Michael Guo-Brennan

In 2017, 22% of the Canadian population are foreign-born immigrants and one in five is a visible racial minority. Canadian schools and classrooms mirror the diversity of…

Abstract

In 2017, 22% of the Canadian population are foreign-born immigrants and one in five is a visible racial minority. Canadian schools and classrooms mirror the diversity of the society and are populated with more and more immigrant and refugee students from diverse ethnic, cultural and linguistic backgrounds each year. Uprooted from their home countries and familiar environments, immigrant and refugee students experience barriers and challenges in new living and educational environments. The increasing number of immigrant and refugee students and their unique educational needs and challenges have called building welcoming and inclusive schools a priority in Canadian education system. This chapter addresses the urgent need for high-impact policies, practices and praxis to build welcoming and inclusive schools for immigrant and refugee students through cross-sector community engagement. Based on several empirical studies, critical and extensive literature review and authors’ professional reflections, this chapter introduces a theoretical framework of building welcoming and inclusive schools for immigrant and refugee students and introduces the promising strategies of engaging community stakeholders, including educators, students, parents, governments and community organizations and agencies.

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2015

Imoh Antai, Crispin Mutshinda and Richard Owusu

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a 3R (right time, right place, and right material) principle for characterizing failure in humanitarian/relief supply chains…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a 3R (right time, right place, and right material) principle for characterizing failure in humanitarian/relief supply chains’ response to natural disasters, and describes a Bayesian methodology of the failure odds with regard to external factors that may affect the disaster-relief outcome, and distinctive supply chain proneness to failure.

Design/methodology/approach

The suggested 3Rs combine simplicity and completeness, enclosing all aspects of the 7R principle popular within business logistics. A fixed effects logistic regression model is designed, with a Bayesian approach, to relate the supply chains’ odds for success in disaster-relief to potential environmental predictors, while accounting for distinctive supply chains’ proneness to failure.

Findings

Analysis of simulated data demonstrate the model’s ability to distinguish relief supply chains with regards to their disaster-relief failure odds, taking into account pertinent external factors and supply chain idiosyncrasies.

Research limitations/implications

Due to the complex nature of natural disasters and the scarcity of subsequent data, the paper employs computer-simulated data to illustrate the implementation of the proposed methodology.

Originality/value

The 3R principle offers a simple and familiar basis for evaluating failure in relief supply chains’ response to natural disasters. Also, it brings the issues of customer orientation within humanitarian relief and supply operations to the fore, which had only been implicit within the humanitarian and relief supply chain literature.

Details

Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-6747

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Book part
Publication date: 29 November 2019

Nina Helgevold and Chris Wilkins

Recent decades have seen a growing consensus that as the demands on teachers becomes increasingly complex, improving the effectiveness of both initial teacher education…

Abstract

Recent decades have seen a growing consensus that as the demands on teachers becomes increasingly complex, improving the effectiveness of both initial teacher education (ITE) and career-long professional development is key to school improvement. ITE in particular has been for too long polarised at policy level, between ‘theory-led’ and ‘practice-led’ approaches. This chapter discusses how this polarisation is simplistic and unhelpful and highlights the benefits of the more constructive orientation towards a synergistic relationship between theory and practice that can occur, particularly when schools and universities collaborate closely in bringing new teachers into the profession. This chapter sets the scene for subsequent chapters in this book by signalling the potential for the collaborative inquiry-based lesson study model into ITE to enhance partnerships between schools and universities and contribute to a smooth transition from ITE into lifelong professional learning.

Details

Lesson Study in Initial Teacher Education: Principles and Practices
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-797-9

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Article
Publication date: 2 April 2021

Azaddin Salem Khalifa

The confusion over what counts as “strategic” is widely acknowledged to be a problem for both research and practice. The paper aims to develop a robust definition of…

Abstract

Purpose

The confusion over what counts as “strategic” is widely acknowledged to be a problem for both research and practice. The paper aims to develop a robust definition of “strategic decisions” and a classifying tool that distinguishes them from grand tactical, tactical, and other organizational decisions.

Design/methodology/approach

An extensive literature review focused on the leading journals is carried out. Articles having “strategic decision” in the abstract are retrieved from EBSCO Host and ProQuest One Academic databases. Definitions of “strategic decisions” are critically assessed and classified to form the trigger and basis of the development of new definition.

Findings

The literature review identifies five approaches by which strategic decisions are defined, and their limitations are exposed. The proposed definitions of “strategic,” grand tactical, and tactical decisions, and the novel classification tree, used to distinguish those decisions, are shown to be more accurate and robust than those previously offered in the literature.

Originality/value

New definitions of “strategic,” grand tactical, and tactical decisions are offered; and a new classifying tool is developed.

Details

Journal of Strategy and Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-425X

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 19 December 2017

Karin Klenke

Abstract

Details

Women in Leadership 2nd Edition
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-064-8

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Book part
Publication date: 3 February 2015

Dianne Chambers and Richard G. Berlach

This chapter focuses on the increasing use of both assistive technology (AT) and teacher assistants (TAs) to support students with disabilities within the inclusive…

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the increasing use of both assistive technology (AT) and teacher assistants (TAs) to support students with disabilities within the inclusive classroom, and why it is vital that teacher assistants have appropriate training in the area of AT. A description of assistive technology and its role in inclusion of students with special needs is provided along with a description of training in assistive technology that was undertaken with teacher assistants. Implications for training and support of teacher assistants in the area of assistive technology are also discussed.

Details

Working with Teaching Assistants and Other Support Staff for Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-611-9

Keywords

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