Search results

1 – 10 of over 2000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

Chris Cassir, Michael G H Bell and Jan-Dirk Schmöcker

This paper describes and extends the game theoretic approach to network vulnerability assessment. The basic idea is to set up a game between the network users who are…

Abstract

This paper describes and extends the game theoretic approach to network vulnerability assessment. The basic idea is to set up a game between the network users who are trying to minimise their expected travel time by choice of route and a network tester who is trying to penalise the users most by degrading a link through capacity reduction leading to congestion. The method therefore finds the worst possible location for a link degradation, taking re-routing options into account (an upper, lower bound of impact). The original game identifies the weakest link for routes between an OD pair in the network. Two variations are introduced in this paper in order to determine the weak links for a specific origin or a specific destination and for the whole network. All three game variations are tested on a small network in Leicester and the results are presented.

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

Alan Nicholson, Jan-Dirk Schmöcker, Michael G H Bell and Yasunori Iida

The objective of this paper is to give an overview of various reliability concepts that have been developed in the last decades. The paper first summarises various…

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to give an overview of various reliability concepts that have been developed in the last decades. The paper first summarises various indicators that have been developed in order to measure the reliability of a network and then looks at techniques to calculate these indicators. The usefulness and limitations of the different indicators is discussed. The paper suggests that there is no single perfect indicator but that the choice of indicator and technique depends on several factors, including the viewpoint of the analyst and the type and range of interventions being considered. In order to assess the impact of incidents the authors propose to distinguish between three types of intervention, namely “benevolent”, “neutral” or random, and “malevolent”. Also discussed is why the provision of up-to-date information to the traveller has a central role to play when trying to minimise the impact of an incident.

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

Abstract

Details

Transportation and Traffic Theory in the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-080-43926-6

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 26 November 2002

Jing Zhou and William H. K. Lam,

Abstract

Details

Advanced Modeling for Transit Operations and Service Planning
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-585-47522-6

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

G M D'Este and M A P Taylor

The importance of the adverse impacts of network degradation has stimulated substantial international research interest in transport network reliability, that is, the…

Abstract

The importance of the adverse impacts of network degradation has stimulated substantial international research interest in transport network reliability, that is, the ability of degraded transport networks to cope with travel demand. Most of the recent research effort has focused on the reliability of urban passenger transport networks, in terms of the probability that the network will deliver a required standard of performance. This situation is characterised by high levels of congestion, a dense road network, and quantifiable probability of degradation of the network. Outside major urban centres, the situation is very different. The main dominant consideration in transport network infrastructure provision is accessibility - linking urban centres, providing regional coverage, and basic levels of accessibility for the non-urban community and economy. The network is sparse, congestion is not a significant issue, and access to essential community services and to markets is the major driving force underlying network development. In this context, the vulnerability of the network is perhaps more important than ‘reliability’. This paper develops the concept of network vulnerability. It begins by reviewing the current state of research into network reliability, then proposes extensions and adaptations to the reliability concepts that are more appropriate for strategic-level multi-modal transport systems. Several alternative definitions for vulnerability are proposed. The paper also discusses the development of algorithmic and visualisation tools that may be used to identify specific ‘weak spots’ in a network, where failure of some part of the transport infrastructure would have the most serious effects on access to specific locations and on overall system performance. Finally, the paper describes potential applications of network vulnerability concepts, and proposes directions for further research.

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

William H. K. Lam and Mei-Lam Tam

This paper attempts to assess the parking reliability with taking into account drivers' travel choice behaviors under various traffic conditions. Apart from the well-known…

Abstract

This paper attempts to assess the parking reliability with taking into account drivers' travel choice behaviors under various traffic conditions. Apart from the well-known travel-time reliability, a parking reliability is newly defined as the probability that the drivers' average searching time for parking is less than a given threshold. This is particularly important under conditions of shortage of parking spaces in urban areas. A Monte Carlo simulation approach, which incorporates a combined trip distribution and assignment model with explicit elastic demand function, is proposed to estimate the two reliability measures of road network (i.e. travel-time and parking reliabilities). A numerical example is used to illustrate the applications of the reliability measures and the proposed approach.

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

Yafeng Yin, William H. K. Lam and Hitoshi Ieda

This paper attempts to assess the transit service reliability with taking into account the interaction between network performance and passengers' travel choice behaviors…

Abstract

This paper attempts to assess the transit service reliability with taking into account the interaction between network performance and passengers' travel choice behaviors. Besides the well-known schedule reliability, a waiting-time reliability is newly defined as the probability that the passengers' average waiting time is less than a given threshold. A Monte Carlo simulation approach, which incorporates a stochastic user equilibrium transit assignment model with explicit capacity constraints and elastic frequencies, is proposed to estimate the above two reliability measures of transit service. A numerical example is used to illustrate the applicability of the reliability measures and the proposed approach.

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

To view the access options for this content please click here

Abstract

Details

Advanced Modeling for Transit Operations and Service Planning
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-585-47522-6

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

Yasuo Asakura, Eiji Hato and Masuo Kashiwadani

An optimal network design model is formulated providing a set of link investment pattern for the most reliable network with highest network performance under uncertain…

Abstract

An optimal network design model is formulated providing a set of link investment pattern for the most reliable network with highest network performance under uncertain conditions. The connectivity probability of a link is assumed to be improved by the investment to the link. The object function is represented as the expected performance measure. The formulated model is categorized in a group of stochastic network design problem in which the existence of a link is probabilistic. The characteristics of the gradient vector of the objective function are analyzed. The derivatives of the objective function can be approximately evaluated without enumerating all possible network state vectors. Numerical examples are calculated for analyzing the sensitivity of optimal investment policies.

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 8 May 2003

Abstract

Details

The Network Reliability of Transport
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-044109-2

1 – 10 of over 2000