Search results

1 – 10 of 564
Article
Publication date: 1 April 1975

A. Buroff, P. Simidchieva, R. Stoycheva and J. Malinowski

Recently a number of new photographic systems have been investigated with the object of replacing the conventional silver halide emulsions and as such could possibly represent the…

Abstract

Recently a number of new photographic systems have been investigated with the object of replacing the conventional silver halide emulsions and as such could possibly represent the basis for further development of new methods of production for printed circuits. By using prepared combinations of metal and a light sensitive substance, e.g., arsenous sulphide/silver and cadmium iodide/tin, one can obtain directly a positive metal image. This approach by the authors was used for the development of a new direct positive photographic material for printed circuits which is easily processed and can be safely stored.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Book part
Publication date: 4 August 2017

Suzanne T. Bell and Neal Outland

Team composition research considers how configurations (e.g., team-level diversity) of team members’ attributes (e.g., personality, values, demographics) influence important…

Abstract

Purpose

Team composition research considers how configurations (e.g., team-level diversity) of team members’ attributes (e.g., personality, values, demographics) influence important outcomes. Our chapter describes key issues in understanding and effectively managing team composition over time.

Methodology/approach

We discuss how context shapes team composition. We review empirical research that examined relationships between team composition, and team processes and emergent properties over multiple time points. We review research that examined how composition can be effectively managed over the lifecycle of a team.

Findings

Context shapes the nature of team composition itself (e.g., dynamic composition). To the extent that membership change, fluid boundaries, and multiple team membership are present should be accounted for in research and practice. The research we reviewed indicated no, or fleeting effects for surface-level (e.g., demographics) composition on the development of team processes and emergent properties over time, although there were exceptions. Conversely, deep-level composition affected team processes and emergent properties early in a team’s lifespan as well as later. Team composition information can be used in staffing; it can also inform how to best leverage training, leadership, rewards, tasks, and technology to promote team effectiveness.

Social implications

Teams are the building blocks of contemporary organizations. Understanding and effectively managing team composition over time can increase the likelihood of team.

Originality/value

Our chapter provides novel insights into key issues in understanding and effectively managing team composition over time.

Article
Publication date: 6 February 2023

Mariana Namen Jatobá, João J. Ferreira, Paula Odete Fernandes and João Paulo Teixeira

This study is dedicated to critically analysing research addressing human resource management (HRM) and the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) with the purpose of driving…

3301

Abstract

Purpose

This study is dedicated to critically analysing research addressing human resource management (HRM) and the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) with the purpose of driving development in the field of human resources (HR) at the strategic and managerial level.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted using the Scopus database, which gathered 61 articles between 2002 and 2022. The SLR process has the potential to, in addition to generating knowledge and theories, support and guide policy development and practice in many disciplines.

Findings

The results of this study allowed the author to identify three main conclusions: (a) there are four thematic clusters – (i) Strategic HR and AI, (ii) Recruitment and AI, (iii) Training and AI and (iv) Future of work; (b) there is a growing academic interest in studying the implementation of AI to develop the HR sector and (c) the application of AI stands out in the strategic HR and AI cluster as a means of achieving profit maximisation and the overall development of the organisation.

Originality/value

This study is the first SLR to present a strategic and managerial view on AI applications associated with specific HRM dimensions. The study is also the first SLR to identify key trends in the literature, drivers and obstacles to the development of AI in HRM and then place them within the landscape of positive and negative approaches in a framework. Also, as a contribution, the study has practical implications for HR managers and practitioners in adopting AI as a decision support in the area's processes.

Details

Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 36 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 May 2021

Clotilde Coron

With a focus on the evolution of human resource management (HRM) quantification over 2000–2020, this study addresses the following questions: (1) What are the data sources used to…

1855

Abstract

Purpose

With a focus on the evolution of human resource management (HRM) quantification over 2000–2020, this study addresses the following questions: (1) What are the data sources used to quantify HRM? (2) What are the methods used to quantify HRM? (3) What are the objectives of HRM quantification? (4) What are the representations of quantification in HRM?

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on an integrative synthesis of 94 published peer-reviewed empirical and non-empirical articles on the use of quantification in HRM. It uses the theoretical framework of the sociology of quantification.

Findings

The analysis shows that there have been several changes in HRM quantification over 2000–2020 in terms of data sources, methods and objectives. Meanwhile, representations of quantification have evolved relatively little; it is still considered as a tool, and this ignores the possible conflicts and subjectivity associated with the use of quantification.

Originality/value

This literature review addresses the use of quantification in HRM in general and is thus larger in scope than previous reviews. Notably, it brings forth new insights on possible differences between the main uses of quantification in HRM, as well as on artificial intelligence and algorithms in HRM.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 51 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1995

M.M. Girges

Since knowing the effective role of amidic functions in producing new dye‐stuffs of high thermal fastness and low solubility (e.g. Hostaperm or PV Fast (Hoechst)), great attention…

Abstract

Since knowing the effective role of amidic functions in producing new dye‐stuffs of high thermal fastness and low solubility (e.g. Hostaperm or PV Fast (Hoechst)), great attention has been directed towards the synthesis and use of several dyes and pigments having such moieties. The majority of these dyes are characterized by their tendency to form stable dimers. Sometimes, these dimeric monoazo pigments have the same thermal solvent fastness as disazo pigment dyes of the Cromophtal type (Ciba‐Geigy).

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 24 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Article
Publication date: 10 August 2021

Norian A. Caporale-Berkowitz, Brittany P. Boyer, Christopher J. Lyddy, Darren J. Good, Aaron B. Rochlen and Michael C. Parent

Workplace mindfulness training has many benefits, but designing programs to reach a wide audience effectively and efficiently remains a challenge. The purpose of this study is to…

Abstract

Purpose

Workplace mindfulness training has many benefits, but designing programs to reach a wide audience effectively and efficiently remains a challenge. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of a widely adopted workplace mindfulness program on the mindfulness, active listening skill, emotional intelligence, and burnout of employees in a large, multinational internet company.

Design/methodology/approach

The study sample included 123 employees across three company offices who completed the two‐day Search Inside Yourself (SIY) program. Data were collected using self‐report measures pre‐, post‐, and four‐weeks post‐intervention and were analyzed using paired samples t-tests.

Findings

Significant increases were detected in mindfulness and the “awareness of emotion” components of emotional intelligence four weeks post-course. No significant changes were found in participants' self-reported levels of burnout, active listening skill or the “management of emotion” components of emotional intelligence.

Practical implications

Teaching workplace mindfulness and emotional intelligence skills through a highly applied, condensed course format may be effective for increasing mindfulness and the “awareness” components of emotional intelligence. Longer courses with more applied practice may be necessary to help participants build emotional management and listening skills and to reduce burnout.

Originality/value

The present study is, to the authors’ knowledge, the first academic, peer-reviewed assessment of SIY, a workplace mindfulness training program that has been taught to over 50,000 people worldwide.

Details

International Journal of Workplace Health Management, vol. 14 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8351

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 25 May 2017

Sherrise Truesdale-Moore

Drawing on the slavery history of the United States, the theoretical framework of the post-traumatic slave syndrome is used to understand the influences and challenges of…

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on the slavery history of the United States, the theoretical framework of the post-traumatic slave syndrome is used to understand the influences and challenges of contemporary assessment and counseling issues of African American offenders.

Methodology/approach

Through a qualitative review of the literature, supporting evidence is given from an investigation of slavery’s historical laws, practices, experiences, and beliefs’ and its influences on contemporary assessment and counseling issues concerning African American offenders and the challenges met by counselors.

Findings

The laws, the practices, the experiences, and the beliefs during slavery have had a profound influence on contemporary issues of assessment and counseling African American offenders. The transgenerational adaptations associated with previous traumas during and after slavery influenced counselors’ ability to effectively assess and counsel African American offenders. Moreover, transgenerational adaptations are equally present among white counselors, which have contributed to challenges with assessments and counseling of African American offenders.

Originality/value

Understanding history that is theoretically framed out of the post-traumatic slave syndrome builds knowledge in understanding present challenges and barriers to effective counseling of African American offenders in three ways: (1) it makes the connection between slavery and contemporary issues concerning assessment and counseling of African American offenders; (2) it explains how race might complicate counseling and assessment process; and (3) it sheds light on significant counseling concepts related to rehabilitation or sanctions of African American offenders.

Details

Race, Ethnicity and Law
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-604-4

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2022

Julia Wojciechowska-Solis and Magdalena Śmiglak-Krajewska

The purpose of this paper was to determine the profile of dairy product consumers in the organic market.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to determine the profile of dairy product consumers in the organic market.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was based on a survey questionnaire developed by the author and administered to a total of 1,108 respondents. The statistical analysis (including descriptive statistics, the analysis of the discriminative function and the Chi2 test was performed with the use of Statistica 13.1 PL. The respondents’ gender was the factor behind the differences in how they behaved.

Findings

The consumers indicated the channels they rely upon to find information on organic dairy products; in addition to trusting the opinions of their family members and experts, they also use web platforms. Further, they specified their preferred locations for buying favorite products during the pandemic: specialized organic food shops, large distribution chains and online stores.

Practical implications

These outcomes will help in identifying target consumer segments and information channels for specific information and advertising messages. They also form an important resource for developing some potential strategies which the supply chain stakeholders could implement to promote organic consumption of dairy products.

Originality/value

This study identifies consumers’ preferred dairy products; motives for purchasing organic dairy products; barriers that consumers believe exist in the market; sources of knowledge about products purchased by consumers; and consumers’ preferred channels for purchasing organic dairy products. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first study of dairy product consumers in the organic market in Poland.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 125 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 November 2015

Ozkan Bali, Metin Dagdeviren and Serkan Gumus

One of the key success factors for an organization is the promotion of qualified personnel for vacant positions. Especially, the promotion of middle and senior managers play an…

Abstract

Purpose

One of the key success factors for an organization is the promotion of qualified personnel for vacant positions. Especially, the promotion of middle and senior managers play an important role in terms of organization’s success. In personnel promotion problem in which the candidates are nominated within the organization and they have been working for a specific period of time and are known in their organization, the candidates should be evaluated based on their recent as well as past performances to make right selection for the vacant position. For this reason, the purpose of this paper is to propose an integrated dynamic multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) model based on intuitionistic fuzzy set for solving personnel promotion problem.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed model integrates analytic hierarchy process (AHP) technique and the dynamic evaluation by intuitionistic fuzzy operator for personnel promotion. AHP is employed to determine the weight of attributes based on decision maker’s opinions, and the dynamic operator is utilized to aggregate evaluations of candidates for different years. Atanassov’s intuitionistic fuzzy set theory is utilized to represent uncertainty and vagueness in MADM process.

Findings

A numerical example is presented to show the applicability of the proposed method for personnel promotion problem and a sensitivity analysis is conducted to demonstrate efficiency of dynamic evaluation. The findings indicate that the varying weights of years employed determined the best candidate for promotion.

Originality/value

The novelty of this study is defining personnel promotion as a MADM problem in the literature for the first time and proposing an integrated dynamic intuitionistic fuzzy MADM approach for the solution, in which the candidates are evaluated at different years.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 44 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 March 2020

Nisha Nautiyal, S.B. Singh and Soni Bisht

The present paper focuses on the evaluation of reliability and its characteristics (Mean time to failure and Sensitivity) of a k-out-of-n network.

Abstract

Purpose

The present paper focuses on the evaluation of reliability and its characteristics (Mean time to failure and Sensitivity) of a k-out-of-n network.

Design/methodology/approach

The minimal cuts of the network have been evaluated for different nodes in this paper, using an algorithm. With the help of these cuts, reliability and its characteristics are obtained using Gumbel–Hougaard family of the copula.

Findings

The present paper proposes to compute the reliability and its measures of the k-out-of-n network using the minimal cuts and copula methodology. The completely failed nodes of the network have been repaired using Gumbel–Hougaard family of the copula.

Originality/value

In this paper, the reliability of a k-out-of-n network has been evaluated by first calculating k-out-of-n minimal cuts, and the failed nodes have also been repaired using Gumbel–Hougaard family of the copula, unlike as done in the past.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

1 – 10 of 564