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1 – 10 of over 171000
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1993

Samuel Wathen

The Profit Impact of Marketing Strategy (PIMS) database was used totest the relationship between production process type (small batch,large batch/assembly, and continuous…

Abstract

The Profit Impact of Marketing Strategy (PIMS) database was used to test the relationship between production process type (small batch, large batch/assembly, and continuous) and eight organizational policy decisions (new products, new plant and equipment, finished goods inventory, raw materials/work‐in‐process inventory, capacity utilization, fixed capital assets, manufacturing costs, gross margin). In addition, the effect of six broad industry types on the proposed relationships was also investigated. Overall industries, raw materials/work‐in‐progress, capacity utilization, manufacturing costs, fixed assets, and gross margin varied with production process type while new products, new plant and equipment, and finished goods inventory did not vary. Within each industry, the findings showed less support for the relationships between production process type and the eight organizational policy decisions. Further analysis showed that most of the industries are dominated by a production process type. Suggests a movement away from the traditional differentiation of production process technologies and a shift of research emphasis to the differing uses of a particular production process technology within an industry.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1984

Robert G. Cooper

Product innovation is central to the success of most companies. The rewards of a successful innovation programme are highly visible in terms of sales, profits and growth…

1970

Abstract

Product innovation is central to the success of most companies. The rewards of a successful innovation programme are highly visible in terms of sales, profits and growth. But not so apparent are the strategies that underlie these product innovation efforts. This monograph is about the ingredients of a winning new product strategy — about strategic decisions on markets, technologies, products — that result in a successful innovation programme.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 18 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 June 2012

Abdulrahman Anam Ousama, Abdul‐Hamid Fatima and Abdul Rashid Hafiz‐Majdi

The objective of this paper is to examine the determinants (i.e. firm size, profitability, leverage, type of audit firm and industry type) of intellectual capital (IC…

1403

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this paper is to examine the determinants (i.e. firm size, profitability, leverage, type of audit firm and industry type) of intellectual capital (IC) disclosure in the annual reports of Malaysian listed companies.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were collected from the 2006 annual reports of the selected listed companies; and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t‐test, correlation and regression analyses.

Findings

The paper found that firm size, profitability, industry type are determinants of IC disclosure (ICD) in the annual reports of Malaysian listed companies, while leverage and type of audit firm did not statistically influence ICD.

Research limitations/implications

The paper only used data from the 2006 annual reports. However, the findings have highlighted the importance of ICD determinants based on data from an emerging economy (i.e. Malaysian economy).

Practical implications

The paper provides empirical evidence on the current practices and determinants of ICD in the annual reports of the Malaysian listed companies. This evidence would help in understanding and determining factors that influence the extent of ICD. Subsequently, it could assist in enhancing ICD in the annual reports.

Originality/value

The paper contributes by extending the limited ICD literature in Malaysia. Furthermore, the paper has tested more determinants, deemed to influence ICD, compared to prior Malaysian studies. In addition, the paper used a larger sample size with a wider industry coverage compared to previous Malaysian literature.

Details

Journal of Accounting in Emerging Economies, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-1168

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 1991

M. Tawfik Mady

Both inventory investments and structure in a sample of 44manufacturing companies representing five industry groups in Egypt areinvestigated. The study reveals that the…

Abstract

Both inventory investments and structure in a sample of 44 manufacturing companies representing five industry groups in Egypt are investigated. The study reveals that the type of industry is a determinant factor of both the inventory‐to‐total‐assets ratio (AIR) and the inventory structure at the firm level. AIR indicates significant positive correlation with the materials cost ratio (MCR), the finished product inventory ratio (FPR), and the “others” inventory ratio (OTR), but a negative correlation with the raw materials inventory ratio (RMR). The study shows that raw materials and purchased components deserve the most attention in Egyptian industry. The study also shows a negative correlation between RMR and the company′s value added (VAD). With more vertical integration a firm can reduce its RMR. The study confirms the effect of the type of production‐inventory system on the company′s work‐in‐process inventory Requirements (WPR). WPR was relatively low in both the engineering and food groups.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 21 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 April 2018

Yuhang Zhang, Ying Wang and Qixin Liu

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the market share of two competing enterprises from the perspective of consumer preferences on both of their products. For different…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the market share of two competing enterprises from the perspective of consumer preferences on both of their products. For different industrial types, this paper discusses how domestic firms make decisions to compete with the multinational company based on consumer’s preferences on different types of products from different companies.

Design/methodology/approach

Considering the different types of equipment manufacturing industries, consumers’ differentiated preferences for Chinese domestic equipment manufacturers and multinational equipment manufacturers, as well as the uncertainty of technological level and dependence on production factor in reality, this paper introduces the interval grey number into the Stackelberg game model and analyzes the market share of two competing enterprises and the consumer preferences for both of their products based on different industrial types.

Findings

The results show that when both of the two competing firms are engaged in R&D activities, consumers prefer domestic products, and with the improvement of technological level, this preference grows stronger, but the market share of the multinational enterprise is higher than that of the local enterprises. When the two competing enterprises are engaged in manufacturing activities, consumers are more inclined to choose products of the multinational company, and with the increasing dependence on production factors, the preference becomes stronger. Meanwhile, the market share of the multinational company is higher than the local enterprise. Therefore, from the perspective of consumer preference, China’s domestic equipment manufacturing enterprises should choose technology-intensive or technology and labor-intensive industries (or dual-intensive industries).

Originality/value

In the context of international competition, from the perspective of consumer preference, the research on industrial selection is relatively rare, and does not take into account the influence of the uncertain influence brought by technological-level and production factor dependency. Therefore, this paper analyzes the influence of technological-level and production factor dependency on consumer preference among various types of industries. Based on the concept of consumer preference, and combining with the interval grey number, the improved grey game model is constructed to analyze the influence of the uncertainty of enterprise’s technological-level and production factor dependency on the market share of two competing companies, finally coming up with the direction into which the Chinese equipment manufacturing industries should develop.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 July 2022

Chaolun Yuan, Weihua Liu, Gang Zhou, Xiaoran Shi, Shangsong Long, Zhixuan Chen and Xiaoyu Yan

This study aims to empirically examine the effect of supply chain innovation (SCI) announcements on shareholder value within the context of Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to empirically examine the effect of supply chain innovation (SCI) announcements on shareholder value within the context of Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses an event study method to examine the effect of SCI announcements on shareholder value of the 156 listed companies in China.

Findings

First, SCI announcements have a positive effect on shareholder value. Second, SCI with an integrated form more positively affects shareholder value than SCI with an independent form. SCI at the strategy level more positively affects shareholder value than SCI at the operation level. Technology-type SCI more positively affects shareholder value than process-type SCI. Third, this study finds that investors pay more attention to the SCI of companies in the service industry than that of in the manufacturing industry. Finally, the post-hoc analysis finds that digital SCI more positively affects shareholder value than intelligent SCI.

Originality/value

First, most scholars use questionnaire data rather than second-hand data to conduct empirical research to explore the impact of SCI on performance. Second, although scholars focus on performance comprehensively, including operational, financial, relational and environmental performance, no scholars use an event study to explore the impact of SCI on the stock market. Third, no scholars have explored the differential impact of SCI in different industries. Forth, few scholars have classified SCI according to the characteristics to explore the differential impact of SCI. Finally, the differences between SCI of Industry 4.0 and SCI of Industry 5.0 have been described, but no scholars have used empirical research to explore the differences.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 August 2016

Jamil Anwar and SAF Hasnu

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the strategy-performance relationship in a multi-industry setting for joint stock firms operating in Pakistan using Miles and…

6560

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the strategy-performance relationship in a multi-industry setting for joint stock firms operating in Pakistan using Miles and Snow typology. The impact of firm size and industry on performance along with strategy is also investigated. The empirical research evidence on strategy-performance relationship for Miles and Snow typology is updated as well.

Design/methodology/approach

Scoring methodology is applied for identification of strategic types, including the reactor strategy. The consistency of the firms over time is also checked. Seven year archived financial data of 320 Pakistani joint stock firms from 12 industries are used for analysis. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance is used for analysis.

Findings

Hybrid strategies are practiced by firms rather than pure strategies. The distribution of strategic types is uneven. There are mixed results for performance difference among strategic types for different industries and firm size. Defending and analyzing strategies are better than the prospecting strategies. Reactors performed better in some industries as well.

Originality/value

Proposed scoring methodology can be applied to identify all strategic types including reactors in the longitudinal studies. This can be replicated for other typologies or strategic group classifications. The process for identification of reactor strategy through a consistency check is a unique contribution to the literature, especially when archived financial data are used.

Details

Journal of Strategy and Management, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-425X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1991

M. Tawfik Mady

Both inventory investments and structure in a sample of 44manufacturing companies representing five industry groups in Egypt areinvestigated. The study reveals that the…

Abstract

Both inventory investments and structure in a sample of 44 manufacturing companies representing five industry groups in Egypt are investigated. The study reveals that the type of industry is a determinant factor of both the Inventory to total Assets Ratio (AIR) and the inventory structure at the firm level. AIR indicates significant positive correlation with the Materials Cost Ratio (MCR), the Finished Product inventory Ratio (FPR), and the “Others” Inventory Ratio (OTR), but a negative correlation with the Raw Materials inventory Ratio (RMR). The study shows that raw materials and purchased components deserve the most attention in Egyptian industry. The study also shows a negative correlation between RMR and the company′s Value Added (VAD). With more vertical integration a firm can reduce its RMR. The study confirms the effect of the type of production‐inventory system on the company′s Work‐in‐Process inventory Requirements (WPR). WPR was relatively low in both the engineering and food groups.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 11 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2003

Richard T. Mpoyi

The purpose of the paper is to identify the main characteristics of vertical integration strategies and discuss the effects of those characteristics on companies' ability…

1017

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to identify the main characteristics of vertical integration strategies and discuss the effects of those characteristics on companies' ability to compete. Using a sample of 316 parent companies, the study found that industry uncertainty affected companies' decisions regarding their levels of vertical integration, but not companies' decisions to change those levels. The study also suggests that a significant number of companies have disintegrated to become more competitive.

Details

Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Article
Publication date: 17 April 2008

Ching‐Piao Chen, Wei‐Jaw Deng, Yi‐Chan Chung and Chih‐Hung Tsai

In recent years, speedy development of Taiwan’s hotel industry intensifies market competition, customers’ demands on hotel services quality also increase with the increase…

Abstract

In recent years, speedy development of Taiwan’s hotel industry intensifies market competition, customers’ demands on hotel services quality also increase with the increase of their consumption consciousness, and their demands on hotel types diversify, therefore hotel industry should concern on their unique management services quality brought by their different hotel types. The current designed service system or service transmission process may fail to meet customers’ demands owing to emphasizing degree gap in service quality. What is worse, it is difficult for hotel industry to actualize complete customer segregation and to provide customized services, therefore comprehensive understanding of customers’ demands on the service quality of different types hotels would contribute to operating management improvement of Taiwan hotel industry. This paper divides Taiwan hotels into three types: international tourism commercial type, holiday type and motel, the general hotels. It studies the emphasize degree gap in service quality between the industry and the customers. Data analysis shows that service quality gap (perceived gap) of hotels of different types exists in several quality aspects; what’s more, the perceived gaps, service quality aspects, and its items of different types of hotel are also different. After an integrated analysis, this paper puts forward a general and customer‐oriented quality item suitable for hotel industry to shorten the perceived gap of service quality, so that the hotel industry could design a service system and service transfer system, which could meet most lodging customers’ demands in the context of pluralized customer sources.

Details

Asian Journal on Quality, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1598-2688

Keywords

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