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1 – 10 of 18
Article
Publication date: 1 May 1992

Hooshang M. Beheshti

Discusses why, when the nation′s mental health and substance abuse problems are well documented, quantitative data are lacking about who is most in need of care and where those…

Abstract

Discusses why, when the nation′s mental health and substance abuse problems are well documented, quantitative data are lacking about who is most in need of care and where those persons reside. Underscores the importance of gathering this strategic information and using it as a planning tool.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 5 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2006

Hooshang M. Beheshti, Esmail Salehi‐Sangari and Anne Engstrom

Advances in information and communications technology have allowed for a wide range of electronic business models and applications. These applications are providing a competitive…

Abstract

Advances in information and communications technology have allowed for a wide range of electronic business models and applications. These applications are providing a competitive advantage for organizations by creating efficiencies and cost reductions. Electronic business should be part of the overall corporate strategy and be integrated into core business processes. This study provides interesting insights into electronic business applications in large corporations and discusses similarities and differences that exist between Swedish and American corporations.

Details

Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2000

Melvin R. Mattson, Hooshang M. Beheshti and Esmail Salehi‐Sangari

Many factors in today's competitive and global business environment contribute to an organization's financial success. A business enterprise's management must adopt a strategy…

Abstract

Many factors in today's competitive and global business environment contribute to an organization's financial success. A business enterprise's management must adopt a strategy that fully exploits information technology's power as a key element in order to optimize the organization's competitiveness. Recent spectacular technological advances and breakthroughs have made the effective use of modern information technology a critical, competitive business weapon.

Details

Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Article
Publication date: 5 October 2010

James G. Lollar, Hooshang M. Beheshti and Brenton J. Whitlow

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between integrative technologies and the corporation's ability to remain or gain a competitive advantage in today's…

2335

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between integrative technologies and the corporation's ability to remain or gain a competitive advantage in today's fast‐paced global economy.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors' professional experience, extensive literature review, and personal communications on the subject provided the foundation for this research.

Findings

The global business environment requires corporations to use a variety of information and communications technologies in order to coordinate and control all activities in its global operations. In order to be competitive, firms are implementing new technologies such as enterprise resource planning (ERP), ERP II, and radio frequency identification to reduce the cost of doing business by improving operational efficiencies, establish better relationship with their business partners, as well as effectiveness by quickly responding to changes in the marketplace. Challenges and benefits of implementing these technologies by both manufacturing and service organizations are explored and examined in this paper.

Practical implications

Low‐cost and differentiation strategies require corporations to integrate information and communications technologies to streamline processes both within the firm and between business associates. A considerable amount of time and capital is required for acquisition and implementation of the new technology but the return on the investment is significant in the long run. Top management participation, change in management, and employee training are critical success factors in successful utilization of technology.

Originality/value

The paper provides useful information with regards to the importance of technology in sustaining or gaining a competitive advantage in the marketplace.

Details

Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 June 2010

Hooshang M. Beheshti

This article seeks to present a decision support model for improving supply chain performance. The model aims to provide a holistic view of the supply chain as an integrated…

4837

Abstract

Purpose

This article seeks to present a decision support model for improving supply chain performance. The model aims to provide a holistic view of the supply chain as an integrated system by analyzing inventory options to facilitate the decision‐making process by business partners in the system.

Design/methodology/approach

In recent years, organizations have focused on incorporating both internal and external business activities of their supply chain into an integrated system. The goal of integration of all supply chain activities is to maximize total systems performance while minimizing costs. Literature review and professional experience in the field provided the foundation for the model development in this research.

Findings

The article demonstrates the usefulness of a decision support model in analyzing and developing a cooperative environment among supply chain members in order to reduce the cost of inventory as well as the cost of goods sold. The effects of utilizing such tools as just‐in‐time and electronic business systems are illustrated and discussed.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed model demonstrates disadvantages of individual optimization in an integrated supply chain system as well as the advantages of collaboration of supply chain members in finding the minimum cost. The model uses one manufacturer with multiple retailers and distributors. Future research in this area could expand the model to allow multiple manufacturers.

Practical implications

The decision support model allows decision makers along the supply chain to employ a series of what‐if analyses to evaluate different scenarios with regard to lowering the cost of products reaching the consumer.

Originality/value

The model developed in this paper provides the foundation for future research as well as support for decision making when various decision makers are involved.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 59 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2004

Hooshang M. Beheshti

Recent spectacular technological advances and breakthroughs have generated dramatic increases in information availability and have made the effective use of modern information…

2418

Abstract

Recent spectacular technological advances and breakthroughs have generated dramatic increases in information availability and have made the effective use of modern information technology a critical, competitive business tool. For this study a survey instrument was developed to evaluate the impact of information technology on small and medium enterprises in the USA. The results provide useful insight into the use of information technology by both manufacturing and service SMEs.

Details

Information Management & Computer Security, vol. 12 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-5227

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2006

Hooshang M. Beheshti

This paper aims to examine the impact of enterprise resource planning (ERP) on organizations and discusses critical issues that should be considered by managers and decision…

16245

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the impact of enterprise resource planning (ERP) on organizations and discusses critical issues that should be considered by managers and decision makers who are considering implementing an ERP/ERP II system.

Design/methodology/approach

Extensive literature review and the author's professional experience on the topic provide the foundation for this article.

Findings

ERP/ERP II are designed to improve competitiveness by upgrading an organization's ability to generate timely and accurate information throughout the enterprise and its supply chain. The goal of an ERP/ERP II is to integrate all business units of an organization and to create a system that is capable of providing up‐to‐date and relevant information for the corporation's decision makers and employees as well as business partners. The investment that is required is significant, sometimes running into the hundreds of millions of dollars and the decision to purchase and implement an ERP system is one of the most important decisions a manager will have to make.

Practical implications

Implementing ERP systems often requires organizational change and commitment by top managers. Participation by decision makers and executives from the acquisition phase to the end is essential to the success of ERP/ERP II. Factors that managers should consider are outlined in the study.

Originality/value

This paper provides useful information to both academicians and practitioners who are interested in ERP.

Details

Management Research News, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 January 2014

Hooshang M. Beheshti, Pejvak Oghazi, Rana Mostaghel and Magnus Hultman

– This article aims to explore the impact of supply chain integration on the financial performance of Swedish manufacturing firms.

2657

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to explore the impact of supply chain integration on the financial performance of Swedish manufacturing firms.

Design/methodology/approach

The literature review provided the foundation for the development of the survey instrument and hypotheses for the study. In addition, the survey instrument was tested by the experts in the field and modified before it was sent to the managers in the survey group.

Findings

The findings show that supply chain integration at any level is beneficial to the financial well being of the firm. Companies with total supply chain integration reported the highest level of financial performance.

Research limitations/implications

Data were collected from Swedish manufacturing firms without regard to the size of the firm. The results show that supply chain integration is beneficial at any level.

Practical implications

The findings will assist managers with decisions regarding supply chain integration and its role as a critical factor in improving the financial performance of manufacturing companies.

Originality/value

Limited empirical studies have been conducted in this area, especially in Sweden. This study provides insight for manufacturing managers with regard to the importance of supply chain management and the competitive nature of business in the global market.

Details

Competitiveness Review, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

Hooshang M. Beheshti and Joel K. Worley

The computer is probably the single greatest innovation of thetwentieth century. However, with all their awe‐inspiring capabilities,computers create a new set of problems. Seeks…

599

Abstract

The computer is probably the single greatest innovation of the twentieth century. However, with all their awe‐inspiring capabilities, computers create a new set of problems. Seeks to explore the problems of the automation and computer age. Begins by highlighting numerous corporate woes and failures. Analyses the reasons for the problems and failures and finally suggests possible solutions.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 95 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2008

Hooshang M. Beheshti and James G. Lollar

This paper seeks to describe the development of the fuzzy logic model approach to decision making and its value for managers by illustrating its application to employee…

2872

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to describe the development of the fuzzy logic model approach to decision making and its value for managers by illustrating its application to employee performance appraisals.

Design/methodology/approach

An extensive literature review provided the framework for the model development in this research. Performance evaluations represent a critically important decision that often involves subjective information. Models and heuristic techniques that focus on the use of different types of information are available; however, with few exceptions, the models are not robust enough to be applied in a practical, managerially useful manner. Fuzzy logic models provide a reasonable solution to these common decision situations.

Findings

Fuzzy logic can be a powerful tool for managers to use instead of a traditional mathematical model when evaluating the performance of personnel or teams. The flexibility of the model allows the decision maker to introduce vagueness, uncertainty, and subjectivity into the evaluation system.

Research limitations/implications

This research calls attention to an alternative method of the performance evaluation system as opposed to the traditional quantitative methods. Future research in this area is needed to develop a method for relating membership values to linguistic variables in performance evaluation, as well as testing the sensitivity of membership values and their impact on the outcome.

Originality/value

This paper provides a simple‐to‐use fuzzy logic model for establishing a more meaningful evaluation system.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

1 – 10 of 18