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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Clark Eustace

This article presents an interpretation of some major changes affecting the competitive behaviour of firms today. The underlying postulate is a shift from tangible to intangible…

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Abstract

This article presents an interpretation of some major changes affecting the competitive behaviour of firms today. The underlying postulate is a shift from tangible to intangible factors of competitive advantage – from natural resources, machinery and financial capital, now regarded as commodities, to “non‐price” factors of competition. The accelerating pace of value‐chain erosion is driving a relentless search for new factors of differentiation and market leverage, with the result that firms are trying to create, maintain or invade monopolies founded on intangibles. This has led to some subtle, but highly significant, shifts in the economy, which have gone largely undetected. Accordingly, the paper argues the case for transparency, and calls for much richer disclosure of the real asset base of firms and public enterprises. In developing these ideas, the paper presents a new perspective on the knowledge value chain, and concludes by examining some of the challenges for the European policy community, based on the preliminary results of the PRISM research initiative.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 July 2017

Chanphirun Sam

The paper aims to ascertain the governance arrangements of higher education providers in Cambodia and to seek insights into institutional governance while its higher education…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to ascertain the governance arrangements of higher education providers in Cambodia and to seek insights into institutional governance while its higher education sector is in a significant transition towards the market model.

Design/methodology/approach

The empirical research underpinning this paper applies a qualitative method, based on an interpretivist approach to inquiry. The study uses semi-structured interviews with 38 key research participants from relevant institutions. The data analysis follows a thematic coding approach.

Findings

The study has found that despite their divergent governance arrangements, three forms of higher education providers – public institution, public administrative institution and private institution – have become increasingly similar because of their convergent trend towards commercialization and politicization. These two critical issues are considered threats to institutional development in Cambodia.

Research limitations/implications

The interviews were conducted with the key actors at leadership and management levels. This leaves room for future research to investigate the institutional governance issue at faculty and student levels to develop a deeper understanding about the on-the-ground implementation. This paper is a useful information source for policymakers, institutional leaders and educational practitioners.

Originality/value

This paper addresses the under-researched issue of institutional governance in Cambodia and critically examines the assumption that devolution and privatization of higher education in Cambodia will help advance the sector for economic development. The paper contributes to the ongoing academic debate in the higher education domain while higher education institutions are struggling to sustain their place in the competitive marketplace.

Details

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, vol. 11 no. 03
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6204

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1976

NORMAN F. DUFTY

The financial problems of the 1970's are forcing universities and C.A.E.'s to give increasing attention to the resource allocation process. In considering this issue one of the…

Abstract

The financial problems of the 1970's are forcing universities and C.A.E.'s to give increasing attention to the resource allocation process. In considering this issue one of the first problems encountered is the lack of goal clarity, a lack which makes rational budgeting a difficult task. The nature of the budgetary process is strongly influenced by the structural character of university decision‐making which is primarily political, despite the use of quasi‐bureaucratic devices such as formula budgeting. There is empirical evidence to support the political model and internal pressure groups play the major role in this although the external funding of research is also a significant factor. One of the predominant influences is the incentive system of the institution and the fact that there are few rewards for improving the efficiency of the educational process has implications for resource allocation. Modern techniques which have proved to be useful in government institutions such as program budgeting, do not appear to have wide application in tertiary education.

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

Book part
Publication date: 4 December 2023

Asad Abbas, Hussein Haruna, Anil Yasin Ar and Danica Radovanović

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations (UN) gained attention, particularly SDG 4 which focuses on quality education. Tecnologico de Monterrey, popularly…

Abstract

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations (UN) gained attention, particularly SDG 4 which focuses on quality education. Tecnologico de Monterrey, popularly known as TEC, is one of the few elite private universities in Mexico that took significant steps to enhance the quality of education amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, in view of students’ career plans. In this empirical research, an online survey was employed to investigate the mediating role of peers’ feedback on team-based learning (TBL) and career planning skills among university students. The study included 86 students from bachelor’s and master’s programmes. IBM SPSS version 26 and PROCESS Macro v 3.5 were used for the quantitative data analysis. The results confirm that peers’ feedback partially mediates the relationship between TBL and the career planning skills of students. This study provides recommendations to university authorities to develop educational policies in-line with SDG 4, thoroughly revise course curricula of the degree programmes offered, and include online learning activities for solving problems in the current world scenario.

Details

Higher Education for the Sustainable Development Goals: Bridging the Global North and South
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80382-526-7

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 29 May 2018

Eneli Kindsiko

Abstract

Details

Organisational Control in University Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-674-3

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1914

The Milk and Dairies Bill introduced by Mr. SAMUEL aims at securing better inspection of dairies, including all premises in which milk is obtained, stored, or sold, such as…

Abstract

The Milk and Dairies Bill introduced by Mr. SAMUEL aims at securing better inspection of dairies, including all premises in which milk is obtained, stored, or sold, such as cowsheds, milk depots, and milk shops. It also aims at the tracing of impure milk and the prevention of its infection, as well as the elimination of cows yielding tuberculous milk.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 16 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Abstract

Details

Organisational Control in University Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-674-3

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1907

The danger attending the use of the insufficiently purified waters derived from the Thames and Lea should, we think, be constantly pressed upon the attention of the Legislature…

Abstract

The danger attending the use of the insufficiently purified waters derived from the Thames and Lea should, we think, be constantly pressed upon the attention of the Legislature and of the public. We regard it as a duty to endeavour to prevent the continued neglect of the warnings which have been put forward from time to time by those who have made a careful and unbiassed study of the subject, and which have recently been again uttered and emphasised by SIR A. BINNIE, the late Engineer of the London County Council. In the public interest it is greatly to be regretted that the system of analytical control, which was maintained by certain London Borough Councils with regard to the water supplied within the areas under their jurisdiction, has been discontinued. The local checks referred to were of the greatest value to the inhabitants of the districts concerned by affording timely warning when water of dangerous character was being supplied, thus enabling some protective measures to be taken. They also served the useful purposes of keeping public attention fixed upon the matter.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1913

Inspectors visiting districts in connection with the Foreign Meat and Unsound Food Regulations have made detailed inquiries in certain instances in regard to local methods of…

Abstract

Inspectors visiting districts in connection with the Foreign Meat and Unsound Food Regulations have made detailed inquiries in certain instances in regard to local methods of administration of the Sale of Food and Drugs Acts. Special visits for this purpose have also been made to other districts where inquiry appeared to be specially called for. In the course of these inquiries it was found that in some instances the public analyst had made a report to his local authority on some special investigation which had been undertaken in the district respecting a particular article of food, but that copies of such report had not always reached the Board. During an inquiry in the county of Cheshire Dr. Coutts ascertained that the county analyst had made valuable reports in regard to butter and Cheshire cheese of which the Board were unaware. Reports of this nature are of much interest to this sub‐department, and it would be of advantage if local authorities would send to the Board copies of all special reports made by the public analyst.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 15 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1907

In the year 1900 Koch expressed the view that human and bovine tuberculosis were distinct diseases, that the bacillus of bovine tuberculosis could not produce this disease in the…

Abstract

In the year 1900 Koch expressed the view that human and bovine tuberculosis were distinct diseases, that the bacillus of bovine tuberculosis could not produce this disease in the human subject, and that the bacillus of human tuberculosis could not set it up in the bovine species. As is now well known. these conclusions have not received the slightest confirmation from other workers in the same field, and it may be said that the consensus of scientific opinion is now to the effect that the bacilli of human and bovine tuberculosis are identical—at any rate, so far as the effects attributed to them are concerned. The Royal Commission appointed in 1901, and consisting of the late Sir MICHAEL FOSTER, Drs. SIMS WOODHEAD, SIDNEY MARTIN, MACFADYEAN, and BOYCE, have issued a further interim report on their investigations. The first interim report was published in 1904, the conclusions stated in it being to the effect that the human and animal diseases were identical, and that no characteristics by which the one could be distinguished from the other had been discovered. The report now issued shows that these conclusions are confirmed by the results of a very large number of fresh experiments. The main conclusions set forth in the present report are as understated :—

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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